'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Asad
|'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Asad|
|Full Name||ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Asad b. Hilāl|
|Well-Known Relatives||Umm Salama|
|Place(s) of Residence||Mecca, Medina|
|Cause of Death/Martyrdom||He was wounded in the Battle of Uhud and later passed away from his wound|
|Presence at Ghazwas||Badr and Uhud|
|Migration to||Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Medina|
Abū Salama, ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Asad b. Hilāl (Arabic: اَبوسَلَمة، عبدالله بن عبدالاسد بن هلال), (d. 4/625) was a companion and a foster brother (brother from rida') of the Prophet (s) and was among Muhajirun (the emigrants) who emigrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Medina. He was one of the first people converted to Islam and participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud. He was wounded in the Battle of Uhud and later passed away from his wound.
Prophet's Foster Brother
His mother was Barra, daughter of 'Abd al-Muttalib, so he was the Prophet's (s) cousin. He was breastfed by Thuwayba, who wet nursed the Prophet (s) before Halima, the Prophet's (s) wet nurse. Therefore, he is counted as the Prophet's (s) foster brother.
Emigration to Abyssinia
He was among the first people who converted to Islam. He and his wife along with a few others were first Muslims to emigrate to Abyssinia. When he heard that the people of Mecca had converted to Islam, he and other emigrants returned to Mecca; but when they realized that the news was fabricated, he entered Mecca under the protection of his uncle, Abu Talib.
Emigration to Medina
Participation in Battles
He participated in the Battle of Badr and wounded in the battle of Uhud. After a while, he accompanied the Prophet (s) to Hamra' al-Asad for battle. After he returned to Medina, he treated his wound for a month. In early Muharram of 3 A.H /624, following the prophet's order, he commanded 150 Muslims in the fight with Banu Asad.
Presence of the Prophet (s) at His Bedside
'Umar was one of Abu Salama's sons, who participated in Imam 'Ali's (s) army in the Battle of Jamal and was appointed by him as the governor of Bahrain and later of Fars or allegedly of Halwan, Mah and Masbadhan.
- Ibn Sa'd, Vol.1, P.108
- Ibn Sa'd, Vol.3, P.239; Ibn Ishaq, P.143
- Ibn Ishaq, P.176; Ibn Sa'd, Vol.1, P.204
- Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.5
- Al-Waqidi, Vo.1, P.7; Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.248
- Ibn Hisham, Vol.2, P.339
- Al-Waqidi, Vol.1, PP.340-1
- Al-Waqidi, Vol.1, PP.340-1
- Ibn Sa'd, Vol.3, P.240
- Ibn Sa'd, Vol.3, P.241
- Al-Waqidi, Vol.1, P.334
- Ibn Qutayba, P.136
- Al-Baladhuri, Vol.1, P.430
- The material for this article is mainly taken from عبدالله بن عبدالاسد in Farsi Wikishia.
- Baladhuri, Ahmad b. Yahya al-. 1959. Ansab al-ashraf Ed. Muhammad Hamid Allah. Cairo.
- Ibn Hisham. 1375 AH / 1955. Al-Sira al-Nabawiyya Ed. Mutafa Saqqa and et al. Cairo.
- Ibn Ishaq. 1398 AH. Al-Siya wa al-maghazi. Beirut.
- Ibn Qutayba, 'Abd Allah b. Muslim. 1960. Al-Ma'arif, Ed. Thirwat 'Akasha. Cairo.
- Ibn Sa'd, Muhammad. n.d. Al-Tabaqat al-kubra. Beirut: Dar Sadir.
- Waqidi, Muhammad b. 'Umar al-. 1966. Al-Maqazi Ed. Marsden Jones. London.