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Difference between revisions of "Agha Buzurg Tihrani"

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{{Infobox Shia scholar without Socio-political activities
 
{{Infobox Shia scholar without Socio-political activities
| title    = Aqa Buzurg Tihrani
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| title    = Agha Buzurg Tihrani
 
| image  = Agha Buzurg Tehrani.jpg
 
| image  = Agha Buzurg Tehrani.jpg
 
| image_size = 250px
 
| image_size = 250px
 
| caption    = Shaykh Agha Buzurg Tihrani
 
| caption    = Shaykh Agha Buzurg Tihrani
 
| Full name  = Muhammad Mohsin Munzawi Tirana
 
| Full name  = Muhammad Mohsin Munzawi Tirana
| Nickname  = Aqa Buzura Tihrani
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| Nickname  = Agha Buzura Tihrani
 
| Lineage  =
 
| Lineage  =
 
| Well known relatives  =
 
| Well known relatives  =
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| Scholarly activities = Building a library  
 
| Scholarly activities = Building a library  
 
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}}
'''Muḥammad Muḥsin b. ʿAlī al-Munzawī al-Ṭihrānī''' (Arabic:{{ia|محمدمحسن بن‌ علي ‌المنزوي الطهراني}}) known as '''Āqā Buzurg al-Tihrānī''' (Arabic:{{iarabic|آقا بزرك الطهراني}}), (b.[[1293]]/1876- d.[[1389]]/1970) was a [[twelver Shi'a]] [[faqih]] and bibliographer and the author of ''[[al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a]]'', an encyclopedia about Shi'a books ,and ''[[Tabaghat a'lam al-shi'a]]'', an encyclopedia about Shi'a scholars from 4/10 to 14/20 century.
+
'''Muḥammad Muḥsin b. ʿAlī al-Munzawī al-Ṭihrānī''' (Arabic:{{ia|محمدمحسن بن‌ علي ‌المنزوي الطهراني}}) known as '''Āghā Buzurg al-Tihrānī''' (Arabic:{{iarabic|آغا بزرك الطهراني}}), (b.[[1293]]/1876- d.[[1389]]/1970) was a [[twelver Shi'a]] [[faqih]] and bibliographer and the author of ''[[al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a]]'', an encyclopedia about Shi'a books, and ''[[Tabaghat a'lam al-shi'a]]'', an encyclopedia about Shi'a scholars from 4/10 to 14/20 century.
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
[[File:الذریعه.jpg|230px|thumbnail|right|''[[al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a]]'' compiled by Aqa Buzura Tihrani]]
+
[[File:الذریعه.jpg|230px|thumbnail|right|''[[al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a]]'' compiled by Agha Buzura Tihrani]]
 
[[File:Agha Buzurg Tehrani-Sons.jpeg|300px|thumbnail|The sons of Shaykh Agha Buzurg Tihrani]]
 
[[File:Agha Buzurg Tehrani-Sons.jpeg|300px|thumbnail|The sons of Shaykh Agha Buzurg Tihrani]]
He was born in [[Rabi' I 11]],  [[1293]]/April 6,1876 in [[Tehran]]. His father and grandfather were of scholars of the city. His great grandfather Haj Muhsin was a businessman. With the help of Manuchihrkhan I'timad al-Dawla Gorji, he founded the first print shop of [[Iran]]. Agha Buzurg married two times and had 5 sons and 4 daughters.
+
He was born in [[Rabi' I 11]],  [[1293]]/April 6,1876 in [[Tehran]].<ref>Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”, p. 41.</ref> His father and grandfather were of scholars of the city. His great grandfather Haj Muhsin was a businessman. With the help of Manuchihrkhan I'timad al-Dawla Gorji, he founded the first print shop of [[Iran]].<ref>Munzawī, “al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 116.</ref> Agha Buzurg married two times and had 5 sons and 4 daughters.<ref>Mūsawī Bujnurdī, “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 456.</ref>
  
 
===Education===
 
===Education===
Agha Buzurg started his primary education in Dangi school, continued it in Paminar school, and then in Fakhriyya school (Marvi school).
+
Agha Buzurg started his primary education in Dangi school, continued it in Paminar school, and then in Fakhriyya school (Marvi school).<ref>Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”, p. 41-43.</ref> He learned Arabic literature from Shaykh Muhammad Husayn Khurasani and Shaykh Muhammad Baghir Mu'izz al-Dawla, learned logic from Mirza Muhammad Taqi, learned [[usul]] from Sayyid 'Abd al-Karim Mudarrisi, Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Gurgani, and Shaykh 'Ali Noor Ilka'i and learned some mathematics from Mirza Ibrahim Zanjani.<ref>Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”, p. 42-44. Munzawī, “al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 116-117.</ref> Also he studied history of literature and [[rijal]].<ref>Munzawī, “al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 117.</ref>
  
He learned Arabic literature from Shaykh Muhammad Husayn Khurasani and Shaykh Muhammad Baghir Mu'izz al-Dawla, learned logic from Mirza Muhammad Taqi, learned [[usul]] from Sayyid 'Abd al-Karim Mudarrisi, Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Gurgani, and Shaykh 'Ali Noor Ilka'i and learned some mathematics from Mirza Ibrahim Zanjani. Also he studied history of literature and [[rijal]].
+
On Jumada II 10, 1315/November 6, 1898 he went to [[Najaf]] for further studies and from this date until 1329/1911 he educated under scholars like [[Mirza Husayn Nuri]], Shaykh [[Muhammad Taha Najaf]], [[Sayyid Murtada Kashmiri]], Mirza Husayn Mirza Khalil, [[Mulla Muhammad Kazim Khurasani]], [[Sayyid Ahmad Ha'iri Tihrani]], [[Mirza Muhammad 'Ali Chahardahi]], [[Sayyid Muhammad Kazim Yazdi]], and [[Shaykh al-Shari'a Isfahani]].<ref>Ṣiḥḥatī Sardrūdī, ‘’Āqā Buzurg Tihrānī uqyānūs-i pajhūhish’’, 1376 Sh, p. 37-50.</ref>
  
On Jumada II 10, 1315/November 6, 1898 he went to [[Najaf]] for further studies and from this date until 1329/1911 he educated under scholars like [[Mirza Husayn Nuri]], Shaykh [[Muhammad Taha Najaf]], [[Sayyid Murtada Kashmiri]], Mirza Husayn Mirza Khalil, [[Mulla Muhammad Kazim Khurasani]], [[Sayyid Ahmad Ha'iri Tihrani]], [[Mirza Muhammad 'Ali Chahardahi]], [[Sayyid Muhammad Kazim Yazdi]], and [[Shaykh al-Shari'a Isfahani]].
+
He went to [[Samarra]] in 1329/1911 and attended the class of [[Mirza Muhammad Taqi Shirazi]].<ref>Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”, p. 46.</ref> There he started the research for compilation of ''al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a''.<ref>Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, ‘’al-Dharīʿa’’, 1403 AH, vol. 10, p. 26.</ref> In 1354/1936 he came back to [[Najaf]] and founded a print shop, named "Matba'at al-Sa'ada", for publication of ''al-Dhari'a'', but the imperial government of [[Iraq]] prevented his work with various excuses. He printed the first three volumes of ''al-Dhari'a'' in "Matba'at al-Ghari" but beginning of the world war and cost of printing in Iraq made him send his son Ali Naqi to Iran for printing the remaining volumes of ''al-Dhari'a''. Other volumes of the book was printed by the efforts of Ali Naqi Munzawi and Ahmad Munzawi in Iran.<ref>Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, ‘’al-Dharīʿa’’, 1403 AH, vol. 10, p. 27. Munzawī, “al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 118.</ref>
  
===Compilation of ''al-Dhari'a''===
+
Agha Buzurg went to long travels in order to research and complete this encyclopedia. He visited most of public and private libraries of Iraq, [[Iran]], [[Syria]], [[Palestine]], [[Egypt]], and [[Hijaz]] and studied their books. He personally searched 62 libraries and studied the listings of many other libraries.<ref>Mūsawī Bujnurdī, “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 455.</ref>
{{Main|al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a}}
 
The need for a listing of [[Shi'a]] books was being felt for a long time. In similar listings of books of Muslim writers, collected by writers of other Islamic sects, writings of Shi'a scholars was being ignored. [[Jurji Zaydan]], the Christian Arab literary, in his book ''Tarikh adab al-lugha al-'Arabiyya'' (The History of Arabic literature), had considered the impact of Shi'a scholars in Islamic culture very little. This was tough for Shi'a [[faqih]]'s, so three of them decided to introduce Shi'a scholars and their books and confront Jurji Zaydan's claim. Explaining the effect of Shi'a scholars in Islamic sciences was given to [[al-Sayyid Hasan al-Sadr]], so he wrote his book ''[[Ta'sis al-Shi'a al-kiram li-funun al-Islam]]'' (The foundation of Islamic Sciences by the respectable Shi'as). Al-Shaykh [[Muhammad Husayn Kashif al-Ghita']] describing errors of the Zaydan's book, wrote the book ''[[al-Muraji'at al-Rayhaniyya]]'' and Aqa Buzurg wrote the ''al-Dhari'a''.
 
 
 
He went to [[Kadhimiya]] in 1329/1911 and started the research for compilation of ''al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a'', the greatest encyclopedia of Shi'a bibliography. Later he went to [[Samara]] and while continuing his work on his book, attended the class of [[Mirza Muhammad Taqi Shirazi]].
 
 
 
He came back to Kadhimiya in 1335/1917 and stayed there for two years, then went to Samarra again. In 1354/1936 he came back to [[Najaf]] and founded a print shop, named "Matba'at al-Sa'ada", for publication of ''al-Dhari'a'', but the imperial government of [[Iraq]] prevented his work with various excuses. He printed the first volume of ''al-Dhari'a'' in "Matba'at al-Ghura" but again its publication delayed 6 months due to resistance of the Iraqi government.
 
 
 
Agha Buzurg went to long travels in order to research and complete this encyclopedia. He visited most of public and private libraries of Iraq, [[Iran]], [[Syria]], [[Palestine]], [[Egypt]], and [[Hijaz]] and studied their books. He personally searched 62 libraries and studied the listings of many other libraries.
 
  
 
===Demise===
 
===Demise===
After a long period of illness, he died in [[Dhu l-Hijja 13]], [[1389]]/Feburary 20, 1970 in [[Najaf]] and according to his [[wasiyya|will]], buried in the library he devoted for usage of scholars.
+
After a long period of illness, he died in [[Dhu l-Hijja 13]], [[1389]]/Feburary 20, 1970 in [[Najaf]] and according to his [[wasiyya|will]], buried in the library he devoted for usage of scholars.<ref>Mūsawī Bujnurdī, “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 456.</ref>
  
 
==Permission for Hadith Transmission==
 
==Permission for Hadith Transmission==
Aqa Buzurg has [[permission for hadith transmission]] from narrators of different Islamic sects:
+
Agha Buzurg has [[permission for hadith transmission]] from narrators of different Islamic sects:
 
{{col-begin|3}}
 
{{col-begin|3}}
 
* [[Mirza Husayn Nuri]]
 
* [[Mirza Husayn Nuri]]
Line 67: Line 59:
 
{{end}}
 
{{end}}
  
Some of scholars who have permission for narration from Aqa Buzurg are:
+
Some of scholars who have permission for narration from Agha Buzurg are:
  
 
{{col-begin|3}}
 
{{col-begin|3}}
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* [[Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i]]
 
* [[Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabataba'i]]
 
* [[Sayyid Muhammad Sadiq Bahr al-'Ulum]]
 
* [[Sayyid Muhammad Sadiq Bahr al-'Ulum]]
* [[Sayyid Shahab al-Din Mar'ashi]]
+
* [[Sayyid Shahab al-Din Mar'ashi]]<ref>Mūsawī Bujnurdī, “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 456.</ref>
 
{{end}}
 
{{end}}
  
 
==Works==
 
==Works==
{{main|List of Works by Aqa Buzurg Tihrani}}
+
{{main|List of Works by Agha Buzurg Tihrani}}
Aqa Buzurg Tihrani has authored several works including ''[[al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a]]'' in 29 volumes, and ''[[Tabaghat a'lam al-shi'a]]''.
+
Agha Buzurg Tihrani has authored several works including ''[[al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a]]'' in 29 volumes, and ''[[Tabaghat a'lam al-shi'a]]''.
  
 
==Library==
 
==Library==
Aqa Buzurg Tihrani had a comprehensive library which contained more than 5000 volumes of books in history, biography, public indexes, private indexes, encyclopedias, etc. During his life, students and researchers benefitted from this library. Aqa Buzurg himself, even with being old, weak, and very busy helped and guided those who referred to the library. He established his library in 1354/1935. To keep his library from disorder and wastage, Aqa Buzurg gave it as a religious endowment in 1375/1955-56. Later in 1380/1960-61, he revised the bill of endowment and mentioned that if the keeper could not manage to keep it, they should move the library and leave it to the [[library of Imam Amir al-Mu'minin (a)]].
+
Agha Buzurg Tihrani had a comprehensive library which contained more than 5000 volumes of books in history, biography, public indexes, private indexes, encyclopedias, etc. During his life, students and researchers benefitted from this library. Agha Buzurg himself, even with being old, weak, and very busy helped and guided those who referred to the library. He established his library in 1354/1935. To keep his library from disorder and wastage, Agha Buzurg gave it as a religious endowment in 1375/1955-56. Later in 1380/1960-61, he revised the bill of endowment and mentioned that if the keeper could not manage to keep it, they should move the library and leave it to the [[library of Imam Amir al-Mu'minin (a)]].<ref>Ḥakīmī, ‘’Hamāsa-yi Ghadīr’’, p. 315-316.</ref>
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
* The material for this article is mainly taken from {{ia|[http://fa.wikiShia.net/%D8%A2%D9%82%D8%A7_%D8%A8%D8%B2%D8%B1%DA%AF_%D8%AA%D9%87%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C آقا بزرگ تهرانی]}} in Farsi WikiShia.
+
* Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. ‘’Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-Shīʿa’’. Beirut, Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1403 AH.
 +
* Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”. Journal of ‘’Kitāb-i māh-i kulliyyāt’’. No. 69, 1382 Sh.
 +
* Ḥakīmī, Muḥammad Riḍā. ‘’Hamāsa-yi Ghadīr’’. Qom, Dalīl-i Mā, 1389 Sh.
 +
* Munzawī, ʿAlī Naqī. “Al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”. Journal of ‘’Kitāb-i māh-i kulliyyāt’’. No. 69, 1382 Sh.
 +
* Mūsawī Bujnurdī, Muḥammad Kāẓim. “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”. ‘’Daʾirat al-maʿārif-i buzurg-i Islāmī’’, Tehran, Marakaz-i Daʾirat al-maʿārif-i buzurg-i Islāmī, 1367 Sh.
 +
* Ṣiḥḥatī Sardrūdī, Muḥammd. ‘’Āqā Buzurg Tihrānī uqyānūs-i pajhūhish’’. Qom, Daftar-i Tablīqāt-i Islāmī, 1376 Sh.
 
{{end}}
 
{{end}}
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{{Rijal and Biography Scholars}}
 
{{Rijal and Biography Scholars}}
 
{{Shia Jurists (14th/20th century)}}
 
{{Shia Jurists (14th/20th century)}}
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[[fa:آقا بزرگ تهرانی]]
 
[[fa:آقا بزرگ تهرانی]]

Latest revision as of 12:29, 2 August 2020

Agha Buzurg Tihranihttp://en.wikishia.net
Agha Buzurg Tehrani.jpg
Shaykh Agha Buzurg Tihrani
Personal Information
Full Name Muhammad Mohsin Munzawi Tirana
Well-Known As Agha Buzura Tihrani
Birth 1293/1876
Residence Tehran, Najaf, Kadhimayn, Samarra
Studied in Tehran, Najaf
Death 1389/1970
Burial Place Najaf
Scholarly Information
Works al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a, Tabaghat a'lam al-shi'a, Musaffa al-maghal fi musannifi 'ilm al-rijal, and other book
Scholarly
Activities
Building a library

Muḥammad Muḥsin b. ʿAlī al-Munzawī al-Ṭihrānī (Arabic:محمدمحسن بن‌ علي ‌المنزوي الطهراني) known as Āghā Buzurg al-Tihrānī (Arabic:آغا بزرك الطهراني), (b.1293/1876- d.1389/1970) was a twelver Shi'a faqih and bibliographer and the author of al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a, an encyclopedia about Shi'a books, and Tabaghat a'lam al-shi'a, an encyclopedia about Shi'a scholars from 4/10 to 14/20 century.

Life

al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a compiled by Agha Buzura Tihrani
The sons of Shaykh Agha Buzurg Tihrani

He was born in Rabi' I 11, 1293/April 6,1876 in Tehran.[1] His father and grandfather were of scholars of the city. His great grandfather Haj Muhsin was a businessman. With the help of Manuchihrkhan I'timad al-Dawla Gorji, he founded the first print shop of Iran.[2] Agha Buzurg married two times and had 5 sons and 4 daughters.[3]

Education

Agha Buzurg started his primary education in Dangi school, continued it in Paminar school, and then in Fakhriyya school (Marvi school).[4] He learned Arabic literature from Shaykh Muhammad Husayn Khurasani and Shaykh Muhammad Baghir Mu'izz al-Dawla, learned logic from Mirza Muhammad Taqi, learned usul from Sayyid 'Abd al-Karim Mudarrisi, Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Gurgani, and Shaykh 'Ali Noor Ilka'i and learned some mathematics from Mirza Ibrahim Zanjani.[5] Also he studied history of literature and rijal.[6]

On Jumada II 10, 1315/November 6, 1898 he went to Najaf for further studies and from this date until 1329/1911 he educated under scholars like Mirza Husayn Nuri, Shaykh Muhammad Taha Najaf, Sayyid Murtada Kashmiri, Mirza Husayn Mirza Khalil, Mulla Muhammad Kazim Khurasani, Sayyid Ahmad Ha'iri Tihrani, Mirza Muhammad 'Ali Chahardahi, Sayyid Muhammad Kazim Yazdi, and Shaykh al-Shari'a Isfahani.[7]

He went to Samarra in 1329/1911 and attended the class of Mirza Muhammad Taqi Shirazi.[8] There he started the research for compilation of al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a.[9] In 1354/1936 he came back to Najaf and founded a print shop, named "Matba'at al-Sa'ada", for publication of al-Dhari'a, but the imperial government of Iraq prevented his work with various excuses. He printed the first three volumes of al-Dhari'a in "Matba'at al-Ghari" but beginning of the world war and cost of printing in Iraq made him send his son Ali Naqi to Iran for printing the remaining volumes of al-Dhari'a. Other volumes of the book was printed by the efforts of Ali Naqi Munzawi and Ahmad Munzawi in Iran.[10]

Agha Buzurg went to long travels in order to research and complete this encyclopedia. He visited most of public and private libraries of Iraq, Iran, Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Hijaz and studied their books. He personally searched 62 libraries and studied the listings of many other libraries.[11]

Demise

After a long period of illness, he died in Dhu l-Hijja 13, 1389/Feburary 20, 1970 in Najaf and according to his will, buried in the library he devoted for usage of scholars.[12]

Permission for Hadith Transmission

Agha Buzurg has permission for hadith transmission from narrators of different Islamic sects:

Some of scholars who have permission for narration from Agha Buzurg are:

Works

Agha Buzurg Tihrani has authored several works including al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a in 29 volumes, and Tabaghat a'lam al-shi'a.

Library

Agha Buzurg Tihrani had a comprehensive library which contained more than 5000 volumes of books in history, biography, public indexes, private indexes, encyclopedias, etc. During his life, students and researchers benefitted from this library. Agha Buzurg himself, even with being old, weak, and very busy helped and guided those who referred to the library. He established his library in 1354/1935. To keep his library from disorder and wastage, Agha Buzurg gave it as a religious endowment in 1375/1955-56. Later in 1380/1960-61, he revised the bill of endowment and mentioned that if the keeper could not manage to keep it, they should move the library and leave it to the library of Imam Amir al-Mu'minin (a).[14]

References

  • Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. ‘’Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-Shīʿa’’. Beirut, Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1403 AH.
  • Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”. Journal of ‘’Kitāb-i māh-i kulliyyāt’’. No. 69, 1382 Sh.
  • Ḥakīmī, Muḥammad Riḍā. ‘’Hamāsa-yi Ghadīr’’. Qom, Dalīl-i Mā, 1389 Sh.
  • Munzawī, ʿAlī Naqī. “Al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”. Journal of ‘’Kitāb-i māh-i kulliyyāt’’. No. 69, 1382 Sh.
  • Mūsawī Bujnurdī, Muḥammad Kāẓim. “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”. ‘’Daʾirat al-maʿārif-i buzurg-i Islāmī’’, Tehran, Marakaz-i Daʾirat al-maʿārif-i buzurg-i Islāmī, 1367 Sh.
  • Ṣiḥḥatī Sardrūdī, Muḥammd. ‘’Āqā Buzurg Tihrānī uqyānūs-i pajhūhish’’. Qom, Daftar-i Tablīqāt-i Islāmī, 1376 Sh.
  1. Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”, p. 41.
  2. Munzawī, “al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 116.
  3. Mūsawī Bujnurdī, “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 456.
  4. Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”, p. 41-43.
  5. Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”, p. 42-44. Munzawī, “al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 116-117.
  6. Munzawī, “al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 117.
  7. Ṣiḥḥatī Sardrūdī, ‘’Āqā Buzurg Tihrānī uqyānūs-i pajhūhish’’, 1376 Sh, p. 37-50.
  8. Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, “Zindigīnāma-yi khudniwisht-i Āqā Buzurg”, p. 46.
  9. Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, ‘’al-Dharīʿa’’, 1403 AH, vol. 10, p. 26.
  10. Āghā Buzurg Tihrānī, ‘’al-Dharīʿa’’, 1403 AH, vol. 10, p. 27. Munzawī, “al-Dharīʿa wa Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 118.
  11. Mūsawī Bujnurdī, “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 455.
  12. Mūsawī Bujnurdī, “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 456.
  13. Mūsawī Bujnurdī, “Āqā Buzurg-i Tihrānī”, p. 456.
  14. Ḥakīmī, ‘’Hamāsa-yi Ghadīr’’, p. 315-316.