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{{Infobox Shia scholar without Socio-political activities
 
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| title    = Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi
'''Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Khālid b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Barqī''' (احمد بن محمد بن خالد البرقي) (b. ~200/815 - d.274/887 or 280/893) was a renowned [[Twelver Shi'a]] [[traditionist]] in the 3rd/9th century.
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| image  =
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| caption    =
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| Full name  = Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid b. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Barqi
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| Nickname  =
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| Lineage  =
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| Well known relatives  =
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| Birth = c. [[200]]/815-16
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| Place of study =
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| Home town = [[Kufa]]
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| Death= [[274]]/887-88 or [[280]]/893-894
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| Burial place = Unknown
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| Professors =
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| Students = [['Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi]] • [[Ahmad b. Idris]] • [['Abd Allah b. Ja'far al-Himyari]], ...
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| Permission for hadith transmission from =
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| Permission for ijtihad from =
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| Permission for hadith transmission to =
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| Permission for ijtihad to =
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| Works = ''[[Al-Mahasin]]'' , ''[[Rijal al-Barqi]]'', ''Al-Tarajim wa al-ta'atuf'' ,...
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| Scholarly activities =
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}}
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'''Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Khālid b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Barqī''' (Arabic: {{ia|أحمد بن محمد بن خالد بن عبدالرحمن البرقي}}, b. 200/815-16 - d. 274/887-88 or 280/893-94) was a renowned [[Twelver Shi'a]] hadith scholar (muhaddith) and historian of 3rd/[[9th century]]. Both Shi'a and [[Sunni]] scholars have relied on his [[hadith]]s. His most important work is ''[[al-Mahasin]]''.
  
 
== Life ==
 
== Life ==
Al-Barqi was born around 200/815 in [[Kufa]].
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Al-Barqi was born around 200/815-16 in [[Kufa]].His father was a disciple of [[Imam al-Kazim (a)]], [[Imam al-Rida (a)]], and [[Imam al-Jawad (a)]] and a scholarly man.
His father was a disciple of [[Imam al-Kazim(a)]], [[Imam al-Rida (a)]], and [[Imam al-Jawad (a)]] and a scholarly man.
 
  
 
He was called al-Barqi because his ancestor, Ahmad, settled in the Barqrud area of [[Qom]].
 
He was called al-Barqi because his ancestor, Ahmad, settled in the Barqrud area of [[Qom]].
Among al-Barqi's family members were several traditionists and scholars of [[fiqh]] and [[hadith]], including
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Among al-Barqi's family members were several traditionists and scholars of [[jurisprudence]] and [[hadith]].
* His son, [['Abd Allah b. Ahmad al-Barqi]]
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{{Family Tree of al-Barqi}}
* His uncles, Hasan b. Khalid and Fadl b. Khalid
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* His grandsons, [[Ahmad b. 'Abd Allah b. Ahmad]] and [['Ali b. Muhammad b. Majilawayh]]
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Scholars of [[Ilm al-rijal|rijal]] regard al-Barqi as one of the disciples of Imam al-Jawad (a) and [[Imam al-Hadi (a)]], but there is no mention of these two [[Imams (a)]] in al-Barqi's narrations. It is just mentioned in a [[hadith]] that in a travel to [[Samarra]], a courier came from "the Man" and according to evidences, "the man" was Imam al-hadi (a).
* His son-in-law, [[Muhammad b Abu l-Qasim Majilawayh]]
+
 
* His cousing, [['Ali b. 'Ala' b. Fadl b. Khalid]]
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[[Ahmad b. 'Ali al-Najashi|Al-Najashi]] states that al-Barqi passed away in [[274]]/887-88 but [['Ali b. Muhammad Majilawayh]], his grandson and his student says that he passed away in [[280]]/893-894. In his funeral [[Ahmad b. Muhammad b.'Isa al-Ash'ari]] who banished him from [[Qom]], participated barefoot as a sign of regret for what he has done.
* His great grandson, [['Ali b. Ahmad b. 'Abd Allah b. Ahmad al-Barqi]]
 
  
Scholars of [[Ilm al-rijal|rijal]] regard al-Barqi as one of the disciples of [[Imam al-Jawad (a)]] and [[Imam al-Hadi (a)]], but there is no mention of these two [[Imams (a)]] in al-Barqi's narrations. It just mentioned in a [[hadith]] that in a travel to [[Samarra]], a Courier came from "the Man" and according to evidences, "the man" was Imam al-hadi(a).
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==Position in Narrating Hadith==
 +
=== Reliability ===
 +
All the major shi'a scholars like [[Ahmad b. 'Ali al-Najashi|al-Najashi]], [[al-Shaykh al-Tusi]] and [[al-'Allama al-Hilli]] have praised al-Barqi and considered him as a reliable narrator. Al-Barqi also has a special position among the [[Sunni]]s.
  
== Reliability ==
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=== Narrating from Unreliable Narrators and Being Banished from Qom ===
All the major shi'a scholars like [[al-Najashi]], [[al-Shaykh al-Tusi]] and [[al-'Allama al-Hilli]] have adored al-Barqi and consider him as a reliable narrator. Al-Barqi also has a special position among the sunnis.
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The fact that al-Barqi used to narrate from unreliable narrators and take [[Types of Hadith#Al-Mursal|mursal]] hadiths as reliable hadiths caused that [[Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Ash'ari]], the head of hadith scholars of [[Qom]], banish al-Barqi from Qom but after a while al-Ash'ari returned al-Barqi to Qom and apologized him. Al-Ash'ri participated in al-Barqi's funeral bareheaded (without 'imama ([[turban]]) ) and barefoot to show his sorrow and compensate his previous action.
  
== Narrating from unreliables and being banished from Qom ==
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=== A Response to the Criticism of Narrating from Unreliable Narrators ===
The fact that al-Barqi used to narrate from unreliable narrators and take [[mursal]] [[hadith]]s as reliable hadiths caused that [[Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'isa al-Ash'ari]] the head of [[traditionalist]]s of [[Qom]], banish al-Barqi from Qom but after a while al-Ash'ari returned al-Barqi to Qom and apologized to him. Al-Ash'ri participated in al-Barqi's funiral bareheaded (without [['imama]]) and shoeless to show his sorrow and compensate his previous action.
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[[Al-Wahid al-Bihbahani]] writes:
 +
al-Barqi is certainly reliable and what the critics say is not proved and even if he trusted in unreliable narrators, we can just say that his approach in narrating hadith is not right. <ref>''al-Fawa'id al-rijaliya'':43</ref>
  
== A response to the criticism of narrating from unreliables ==
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[[Ibn al-Ghada'iri]] also says:
[[Wahid Bihbahani]] writes: Al-Barqi is certainly reliable and what the critics say is not proved and even if he trusted in unreliables, we can just say that his approach in narrating hadith is not right <ref>al-Fawa'id al-rijaliya:43</ref>. [[Ibn al-ghada'iri]] also says: the criticism of Qummi [[traditionalist]]s were about those who al-Barqi narrated from, not al-Barqi himself.
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The criticism of Qummi hadith scholars were about those who al-Barqi narrated from, not al-Barqi himself.<ref>Al-Rijal:39</ref>
  
== Professors and Mashayikhs ==
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== Professors==
Al-Barqi has narrated approximately from 200 persons and mentioned about 100 books in the field. [[Ayatollah Khoei]] has discussed about them several times in his book.
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Al-Barqi has narrated approximately from 200 persons and mentioned about 100 books in the field. [[Ayatollah al-Khoei]] has discussed about them several times in his book.
  
 
== Students ==
 
== Students ==
#Abu ‘Ali Ash'ari
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{{main|List of Students of Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi}}
#[[Ahmad b. Idris]]
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He has several students, the most important of which are [['Abd Allah b. ja'far al-Himyari]], the author of the well-known book, ''[[Qurb al-isnad]]''; 'Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi, a companion of Imam al-Hadi (a), hadith scholar, [[faqih]], and the author of ''[[Tafsir al-Qummi (book)|Tafsir al-Qummi]]''; and [[Sa'd b. 'Abd Allah al-Ash'ari al-Qummi]], the author of ''[[Basa'ir al-darajat]]''
#Ahmad b. ‘Abdallah
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#Ahmad b. Muhammad b. ‘Abdallah
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==Works ==
#[[Hasan b. Matil daqqaq]]
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[[File:Al-mahasin.jpg|230px|thumbnail|right|''[[Al-Mahasin]]'']]
#[[Husayn b. Sa'id]]
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{{col-begin|2}}
#[[Sa'd b. ‘Aballah al-Ash'ari]]
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*''[[Al-Mahasin]]'' which is his most important work
#[['Abdallah b. Ja'far al-Himyari]]
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*''Kitab al-buldan''
#[['Ali b. Ibrahim Qummi]]
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*''Ikhtilaf al-hadith''
#'Ali b. Husayin Sa'dabadi
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*''Al-Ansab''
#[['Ali b. Muhammad Bandar]]
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*''Akhbar al-umam''
#'Ali b. Muhammad b. ‘Abdallah Qummi
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*''Al-Tarajim wa l-ta'atuf''
#[['Ali Majilawiyh]]
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*''Adab al-nafs''
#Muhammad b. abi al-Qasim
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*''Adab al-mu'ashira''
#Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Yahya
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*''Kitab al-makasib''
#[[Muhammad Hasan Furukh Saffar]]
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*''Kitab al-rifahiyya''
#Muhammad b. ‘Isa
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*''Kitab al-rijal''
#Muhammad b. Yahya
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{{end}}
#[[Mu'ala b. Muhmmad]]
 
  
== Writings ==
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== Notes ==
#''[[Al-Mahasin]]'' which is his most important work
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{{notes}}
#''Kitab al-buldan''
 
#''Ikhtilaf al-hadith''
 
#''Al-Ansab''
 
#''Akhbar al-umam''
 
#''Al-Tarajim wa al-ta'atuf''
 
#''Adab al-nafs''
 
#''Adab al-mu'ashira''
 
#''Kitab al-makasib''
 
#''Kitab al-rifahiya''
 
#''Kitab al-rijal''
 
  
== Demise ==
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== References ==
[[Al-Najashi]] claims that al-Barqi passed away in 274/887 but [['Ali b. Muhammad Majilawiyh]], his Grandson and his student says that he passed away in 280/893. In his funeral [[Ahmad b. Muhammad b. ‘isa al-Ash'ari]] who banished him from [[Qom]], participated shoeless as a sing of regret for what he has done.
+
{{references}}
 +
* The material for this article is mainly taken from {{ia|[[:fa:احمد بن محمد بن خالد برقی|احمد بن محمد بن خالد برقی]]}} in Farsi WikiShia.
 +
* Ibn al-Ghada'iri, Ahmad b. Husayn, Al-Rijal, Qom, Dar al-Hadith, 1422/2002
 +
{{end}}
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{{Companions of Imam al-Jawad (a)}}
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{{Companions of Imam al-Hadi (a)}}
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{{Rijal and Biography Scholars}}
  
== Notes ==
 
<references/>
 
== External Links ==
 
* The material for this article is mainly taken from [http://fa.wikishia.net/view/احمد_بن_محمد_بن_خالد_برقی احمد بن محمد بن خالد برقی] in Farsi Wikishia.
 
 
[[fa:احمد بن محمد بن خالد برقی]]
 
[[fa:احمد بن محمد بن خالد برقی]]
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<onlyinclude>{{#ifeq:{{{section|editorial box}}}|editorial box|{{Editorial Box
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}}}}</onlyinclude>
  
[[Category:Shiʿa traditionists]]
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[[Category:Hadith scholars]]
[[Category:The companions of Imam al-Hadi(a)]]
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[[Category:Scholars of the 9th century]]
[[Category:The companions of Imam al-Jawad(a)]]
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[[Category:Companions of Imam al-Jawad (a)]]
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[[Category:Companions of Imam al-Hadi (a)]]

Latest revision as of 09:53, 8 December 2018

Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqihttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Full Name Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid b. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Barqi
Birth c. 200/815-16
Residence Kufa
Death 274/887-88 or 280/893-894
Burial Place Unknown
Scholarly Information
Students 'Ali b. Ibrahim al-QummiAhmad b. Idris'Abd Allah b. Ja'far al-Himyari, ...
Works Al-Mahasin , Rijal al-Barqi, Al-Tarajim wa al-ta'atuf ,...

Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Khālid b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Barqī (Arabic: أحمد بن محمد بن خالد بن عبدالرحمن البرقي, b. 200/815-16 - d. 274/887-88 or 280/893-94) was a renowned Twelver Shi'a hadith scholar (muhaddith) and historian of 3rd/9th century. Both Shi'a and Sunni scholars have relied on his hadiths. His most important work is al-Mahasin.

Life

Al-Barqi was born around 200/815-16 in Kufa.His father was a disciple of Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a), and Imam al-Jawad (a) and a scholarly man.

He was called al-Barqi because his ancestor, Ahmad, settled in the Barqrud area of Qom. Among al-Barqi's family members were several traditionists and scholars of jurisprudence and hadith.

Al-Barqi Family
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Ali
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd al-Rahman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khalid
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fadl
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ahmad (author of
al-Mahasin)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Ala
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad b. Abi l-Qasim
(Son in law)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
 
'Ali
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Ali
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ahmad
(author of Rijal al-Barqi)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Ali
(al-Saduq's teacher)
 
 
 
 
 

Scholars of rijal regard al-Barqi as one of the disciples of Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a), but there is no mention of these two Imams (a) in al-Barqi's narrations. It is just mentioned in a hadith that in a travel to Samarra, a courier came from "the Man" and according to evidences, "the man" was Imam al-hadi (a).

Al-Najashi states that al-Barqi passed away in 274/887-88 but 'Ali b. Muhammad Majilawayh, his grandson and his student says that he passed away in 280/893-894. In his funeral Ahmad b. Muhammad b.'Isa al-Ash'ari who banished him from Qom, participated barefoot as a sign of regret for what he has done.

Position in Narrating Hadith

Reliability

All the major shi'a scholars like al-Najashi, al-Shaykh al-Tusi and al-'Allama al-Hilli have praised al-Barqi and considered him as a reliable narrator. Al-Barqi also has a special position among the Sunnis.

Narrating from Unreliable Narrators and Being Banished from Qom

The fact that al-Barqi used to narrate from unreliable narrators and take mursal hadiths as reliable hadiths caused that Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Ash'ari, the head of hadith scholars of Qom, banish al-Barqi from Qom but after a while al-Ash'ari returned al-Barqi to Qom and apologized him. Al-Ash'ri participated in al-Barqi's funeral bareheaded (without 'imama (turban) ) and barefoot to show his sorrow and compensate his previous action.

A Response to the Criticism of Narrating from Unreliable Narrators

Al-Wahid al-Bihbahani writes: al-Barqi is certainly reliable and what the critics say is not proved and even if he trusted in unreliable narrators, we can just say that his approach in narrating hadith is not right. [1]

Ibn al-Ghada'iri also says: The criticism of Qummi hadith scholars were about those who al-Barqi narrated from, not al-Barqi himself.[2]

Professors

Al-Barqi has narrated approximately from 200 persons and mentioned about 100 books in the field. Ayatollah al-Khoei has discussed about them several times in his book.

Students

He has several students, the most important of which are 'Abd Allah b. ja'far al-Himyari, the author of the well-known book, Qurb al-isnad; 'Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi, a companion of Imam al-Hadi (a), hadith scholar, faqih, and the author of Tafsir al-Qummi; and Sa'd b. 'Abd Allah al-Ash'ari al-Qummi, the author of Basa'ir al-darajat

Works

  • Al-Mahasin which is his most important work
  • Kitab al-buldan
  • Ikhtilaf al-hadith
  • Al-Ansab
  • Akhbar al-umam
  • Al-Tarajim wa l-ta'atuf
  • Adab al-nafs
  • Adab al-mu'ashira
  • Kitab al-makasib
  • Kitab al-rifahiyya
  • Kitab al-rijal

Notes

  1. al-Fawa'id al-rijaliya:43
  2. Al-Rijal:39

References