Difference between revisions of "Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi"

From WikiShia
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Image added)
m (Minor change)
Line 10: Line 10:
 
| Well known relatives  =
 
| Well known relatives  =
 
| Birth = c. [[200]]/815
 
| Birth = c. [[200]]/815
| Place of study =  
+
| Place of study =
 
| Home town = [[Kufa]]
 
| Home town = [[Kufa]]
 
| Death= [[274]]/887 or [[280]]/893
 
| Death= [[274]]/887 or [[280]]/893
 
| Burial place = Unknown
 
| Burial place = Unknown
| Professors =  
+
| Professors =
 
| Students = [['Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi]], [[Ahmad b. Idris]], [['Abd Allah b. Ja'far al-Himyari]] etc.
 
| Students = [['Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi]], [[Ahmad b. Idris]], [['Abd Allah b. Ja'far al-Himyari]] etc.
 
| Permission for hadith transmission from =
 
| Permission for hadith transmission from =
Line 69: Line 69:
 
#Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Yahya
 
#Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Yahya
 
#[[Muhammad Hasan Furukh Saffar]]
 
#[[Muhammad Hasan Furukh Saffar]]
 +
[[File:Al-mahasin.jpg|250px|thumbnail|right|[[Al-Mahasin]]]]
 
#Muhammad b.'Isa
 
#Muhammad b.'Isa
 
#Muhammad b. Yahya
 
#Muhammad b. Yahya
Line 74: Line 75:
  
 
== Writings ==
 
== Writings ==
[[File:Al-mahasin.jpg|250px|thumbnail|right|[[Al-Mahasin]]]]
+
 
 
#''[[Al-Mahasin]]'' which is his most important work
 
#''[[Al-Mahasin]]'' which is his most important work
 
#''Kitab al-buldan''
 
#''Kitab al-buldan''

Revision as of 07:58, 12 December 2015

Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqihttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Full Name Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid b. Abd al-Rahman al-Barqi
Birth c. 200/815
Residence Kufa
Death 274/887 or 280/893
Burial Place Unknown
Scholarly Information
Students 'Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi, Ahmad b. Idris, 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far al-Himyari etc.
Works Al-Mahasin , Al-Tarajim wa al-ta'atuf etc.

Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Khālid b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Barqī (Arabic:احمد بن محمد بن خالد بن عبدالرحمن البرقي) (b. ~200/815 - d.274/887 or 280/893) was a renowned Twelver Shi'a muhaddith (hadith scholar) and historian of 3rd/9th century. His epithet is Abu Ja'far (Arabic: ابوجعفر ).

Life

Al-Barqi was born around 200/815 in Kufa. His father was a disciple of Imam al-Kazim (a), Imam al-Rida (a), and Imam al-Jawad (a) and a scholarly man.

He was called al-Barqi because his ancestor, Ahmad, settled in the Barqrud area of Qom. Among al-Barqi's family members were several traditionists and scholars of fiqh and hadith, including

Scholars of rijal regard al-Barqi as one of the disciples of Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a), but there is no mention of these two Imams (a) in al-Barqi's narrations. It just mentioned in a hadith that in a travel to Samarra, a Courier came from "the Man" and according to evidences, "the man" was Imam al-hadi (a).

Reliability

All the major shi'a scholars like al-Najashi, al-Shaykh al-Tusi and al-'Allama al-Hilli have praised al-Barqi and considered him as a reliable narrator. Al-Barqi also has a special position among the Sunnis.

Narrating from unreliables and being banished from Qom

The fact that al-Barqi used to narrate from unreliable narrators and take mursal hadiths as reliable hadiths caused that Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Ash'ari the head of hadith scholarss of Qom, banish al-Barqi from Qom but after a while al-Ash'ari returned al-Barqi to Qom and apologized him. Al-Ash'ri participated in al-Barqi's funeral bareheaded (without 'imama (turban) ) and barefoot to show his sorrow and compensate his previous action.

A response to the criticism of narrating from unreliables

Wahid Bihbahani writes: Al-Barqi is certainly reliable and what the critics say is not proved and even if he trusted in unreliables, we can just say that his approach in narrating hadith is not right [1]. Ibn al-Ghada'iri also says: the criticism of Qummi hadith scholars were about those who al-Barqi narrated from, not al-Barqi himself.[2]

Professors and Mashayikhs

Al-Barqi has narrated approximately from 200 persons and mentioned about 100 books in the field. Ayatollah Khoei has discussed about them several times in his book.

Students

  1. Abu'Ali Ash'ari
  2. Ahmad b. Idris
  3. Ahmad b.'Abd Allah
  4. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah
  5. Hasan b. Matil daqqaq
  6. Husayn b. Sa'id
  7. Sa'd b.'Abd Allah al-Ash'ari
  8. 'Abd Allah b. Ja'far al-Himyari
  9. 'Ali b. Ibrahim al-Qummi
  10. 'Ali b. Husayin Sa'dabadi
  11. 'Ali b. Muhammad Bandar
  12. 'Ali b. Muhammad b.'Abd Allah Qummi
  13. 'Ali Majilawayh
  14. Muhammad b. abi l-Qasim
  15. Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Yahya
  16. Muhammad Hasan Furukh Saffar
  1. Muhammad b.'Isa
  2. Muhammad b. Yahya
  3. Mu'ala b. Muhmmad

Writings

  1. Al-Mahasin which is his most important work
  2. Kitab al-buldan
  3. Ikhtilaf al-hadith
  4. Al-Ansab
  5. Akhbar al-umam
  6. Al-Tarajim wa al-ta'atuf
  7. Adab al-nafs
  8. Adab al-mu'ashira
  9. Kitab al-makasib
  10. Kitab al-rifahiya
  11. Kitab al-rijal

Demise

Al-Najashi states that al-Barqi passed away in 274/887 but 'Ali b. Muhammad Majilawayh, his Grandson and his student says that he passed away in 280/893. In his funeral Ahmad b. Muhammad b.'isa al-Ash'ari who banished him from Qom, participated barefoot as a sing of regret for what he has done.

Notes

  1. al-Fawa'id al-rijaliya:43
  2. Al-Rijal:39

References

  • Ibn al-Ghada'ri, Ahmad b. Husayn, Al-Rijal, Qom, Dar al-Hadith, 1422/2002

External Links