Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi

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Abū Jaʿfar Aḥmad b. Muḥammad b. Khālid b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Barqī (احمد بن محمد بن خالد البرقي) (b. ~200/815 - d.274/887 or 280/893) was a renowned Twelver Shi'a traditionist in the 3rd/9th century.


Al-Barqi was born around 200/815 in Kufa. His father was a disciple of Imam al-Kazim(a), Imam al-Rida (a), and Imam al-Jawad (a) and a scholarly man.

He was called al-Barqi because his ancestor, Ahmad, settled in the Barqrud area of Qom. Among al-Barqi's family members were several traditionists and scholars of fiqh and hadith, including

Scholars of rijal regard al-Barqi as one of the disciples of Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a), but there is no mention of these two Imams (a) in al-Barqi's narrations. It just mentioned in a hadith that in a travel to Samarra, a Courier came from "the Man" and according to evidences, "the man" was Imam al-hadi(a).


All the major shi'a scholars like al-Najashi, al-Shaykh al-Tusi and al-'Allama al-Hilli have adored al-Barqi and consider him as a reliable narrator. Al-Barqi also has a special position among the sunnis.

Narrating from unreliables and being banished from Qom

The fact that al-Barqi used to narrate from unreliable narrators and take mursal hadiths as reliable hadiths caused that Ahmad b. Muhammad b. 'isa al-Ash'ari the head of traditionalists of Qom, banish al-Barqi from Qom but after a while al-Ash'ari returned al-Barqi to Qom and apologized to him. Al-Ash'ri participated in al-Barqi's funiral bareheaded (without 'imama) and shoeless to show his sorrow and compensate his previous action.

A response to the criticism of narrating from unreliables

Wahid Bihbahani writes: Al-Barqi is certainly reliable and what the critics say is not proved and even if he trusted in unreliables, we can just say that his approach in narrating hadith is not right [1]. Ibn al-ghada'iri also says: the criticism of Qummi traditionalists were about those who al-Barqi narrated from, not al-Barqi himself.[2]

Professors and Mashayikhs

Al-Barqi has narrated approximately from 200 persons and mentioned about 100 books in the field. Ayatollah Khoei has discussed about them several times in his book.


  1. Abu ‘Ali Ash'ari
  2. Ahmad b. Idris
  3. Ahmad b. ‘Abdallah
  4. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. ‘Abdallah
  5. Hasan b. Matil daqqaq
  6. Husayn b. Sa'id
  7. Sa'd b. ‘Aballah al-Ash'ari
  8. 'Abdallah b. Ja'far al-Himyari
  9. 'Ali b. Ibrahim Qummi
  10. 'Ali b. Husayin Sa'dabadi
  11. 'Ali b. Muhammad Bandar
  12. 'Ali b. Muhammad b. ‘Abdallah Qummi
  13. 'Ali Majilawiyh
  14. Muhammad b. abi al-Qasim
  15. Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Yahya
  16. Muhammad Hasan Furukh Saffar
  17. Muhammad b. ‘Isa
  18. Muhammad b. Yahya
  19. Mu'ala b. Muhmmad


  1. Al-Mahasin which is his most important work
  2. Kitab al-buldan
  3. Ikhtilaf al-hadith
  4. Al-Ansab
  5. Akhbar al-umam
  6. Al-Tarajim wa al-ta'atuf
  7. Adab al-nafs
  8. Adab al-mu'ashira
  9. Kitab al-makasib
  10. Kitab al-rifahiya
  11. Kitab al-rijal


Al-Najashi claims that al-Barqi passed away in 274/887 but 'Ali b. Muhammad Majilawiyh, his Grandson and his student says that he passed away in 280/893. In his funeral Ahmad b. Muhammad b. ‘isa al-Ash'ari who banished him from Qom, participated shoeless as a sing of regret for what he has done.


  1. al-Fawa'id al-rijaliya:43
  2. Al-Rijal:39


  • Ibn al-Qada'ri, Ahmad b. Husayn, Al-Rijal, Qom, Dar al-Hadith, 1422/2002

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