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== The Author ==
 
== The Author ==
 
{{main|Ahmad b. 'Ali al-Najashi}}
 
{{main|Ahmad b. 'Ali al-Najashi}}
Ahmad b. Ali b. Ahmad b. 'Abbas b. Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah al-Najashi was born in [[Kufa]] in [[372]]/982. His father was too among hadith scholars and great Shi'a individuals. Based on researches made, his [[kunya]] was Abu l-Husayn and his title was al-Najashi.
+
Ahmad b. Ali b. Ahmad b. 'Abbas b. Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah al-Najashi was born in [[Kufa]] in [[372]]/982.<ref>Ḥillī, ''Khulāṣat al-aqwāl'', p. 21.</ref> His father was too among hadith scholars and great Shi'a individuals. Based on researches made, his [[kunya]] was Abu l-Husayn and his title was al-Najashi.
  
 
== Writing Motive ==
 
== Writing Motive ==
 
In the introduction of his book, al-Najashi mentioned the criticism of some opposer's of Shi'a about non-existence of a scientific history for this school as his writing motive. He wrote,
 
In the introduction of his book, al-Najashi mentioned the criticism of some opposer's of Shi'a about non-existence of a scientific history for this school as his writing motive. He wrote,
  
[[Al-Sharif al-Murtada]] quoted from our opposer's (Sunni people) that they said, "You Shi'a neither have precedents, nor writers. Since, this claim is out of ignorance, I wanted to answer it; so, I collected as many names of Shi'a writers as I could".
+
[[Al-Sharif al-Murtada]] quoted from our opposer's (Sunni people) that they said, "You Shi'a neither have precedents, nor writers. Since, this claim is out of ignorance, I wanted to answer it; so, I collected as many names of Shi'a writers as I could".<ref>Najāshī, ''Rijāl al-Najāshī'', p. 3.</ref>
  
 
== Date of Writing ==
 
== Date of Writing ==
Writing this book was between 419/1028 and 436/1044-5, because in it, the death of [[Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Malik al-Tabban]] (419/1028) is mentioned and when mentioning the name of al-Sayyid al-Murtada (d. [[436]]/1044), it said "May [[God]] prolongs his presence".
+
Writing this book was between 419/1028 and 436/1044-5, because in it, the death of [[Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Malik al-Tabban]] (419/1028) is mentioned and when mentioning the name of al-Sayyid al-Murtada (d. [[436]]/1044), it said "May [[God]] prolongs his presence".<ref>''Kitāb shinākht-i sīra-yi maʿṣūmān''. Computer Research Center of Islamic Sciences.</ref>
  
 
== Writing Approach ==
 
== Writing Approach ==
The book first mentions the names of the writers at the time of the [[Prophet (s)]] or close to his time and then the names of other writers in alphabetical order based on the first letter of their given names; and other letters of their names, name of their fathers, etc. are disregarded. 'Inayat Allah Qahpa'i, a scholar of 11th century AH reordered the names based on alphabet so that it would be easier to use and also added some parts to the book, but unfortunately, its edition is not available and the present print of the book is based on the author's original order.
+
The book first mentions the names of the writers at the time of the [[Prophet (s)]] or close to his time and then the names of other writers in alphabetical order based on the first letter of their given names; and other letters of their names, name of their fathers, etc. are disregarded. 'Inayat Allah Qahpa'i, a scholar of eleventh/seventeenth century reordered the names based on alphabet so that it would be easier to use and also added some parts to the book, but unfortunately, its edition is not available and the present print of the book is based on the author's original order.<ref>Shamshīrī and Jalālī. ''Rawish-i Najāshī dar naqd-i rijāl''.</ref>
  
In this book, al-Najashi mentioned about 1000 of Shi'a writers, as well as non-Shi'a ones (such as [[Sunni]], [[Waqifid]], [[Zaydiyya|Zaydi]] and [[Fatahiyya]]) and mentions their schools. In his rijal, he mentioned 141 transmitters of hadith weak, due to their weakness and corruption of [[religion]], beliefs or weakness in transmitting hadiths.
+
In this book, al-Najashi mentioned about 1000 of Shi'a writers, as well as non-Shi'a ones (such as [[Sunni]], [[Waqifid]], [[Zaydiyya|Zaydi]] and [[Fatahiyya]]) and mentions their schools.<ref>Shamshīrī and Jalālī. ''Rawish-i Najāshī dar naqd-i rijāl''.</ref> In his rijal, he mentioned 141 transmitters of hadith weak, due to their weakness and corruption of [[religion]], beliefs or weakness in transmitting hadiths.<ref>Dīyārī Bīdgulī. ''Jaryānshināsī-i ghuluw wa ghālīyān dar rijāl-i Najāshī''.</ref>
  
 
== Sources ==
 
== Sources ==
Al-Najashi mentions his sources and thus the books which were available to him at that time. He benefited from great teachers and experts in rijal and hadiths such as [[Husayn b. 'Ubayd Allah al-Ghada'iri]], [[Ibn Nuh al-Sirafi]], [[al-Shaykh al-Mufid]] and others and also cited from the works of previous scholars such as [[Abu 'Amr al-Kashshi]], [[Ibn Walid al-Qummi]] and [[Ibn 'Uqda]].
+
Al-Najashi mentions his sources and thus the books which were available to him at that time. He benefited from great teachers and experts in rijal and hadiths such as [[Husayn b. 'Ubayd Allah al-Ghada'iri]], [[Ibn Nuh al-Sirafi]], [[al-Shaykh al-Mufid]] and others and also cited from the works of previous scholars such as [[Abu 'Amr al-Kashshi]], [[Ibn Walid al-Qummi]] and [[Ibn 'Uqda]].<ref>Shamshīrī and Jalālī. ''Rawish-i Najāshī dar naqd-i rijāl''.</ref>
 +
 
  
 
== Significance ==
 
== Significance ==
 
Al-Najashi's book is superior to other books of rijal regarding precedence in time and expertise of the author. One of the important characteristics of the book is that al-Najashi did not quote from non-authentic sources and if he wanted to quote from a non-authentic source, he would say, "said such a person…" or "mentioned such a person…" or indirectly quoted them through an authentic person such as [[al-Shaykh al-Mufid]].
 
Al-Najashi's book is superior to other books of rijal regarding precedence in time and expertise of the author. One of the important characteristics of the book is that al-Najashi did not quote from non-authentic sources and if he wanted to quote from a non-authentic source, he would say, "said such a person…" or "mentioned such a person…" or indirectly quoted them through an authentic person such as [[al-Shaykh al-Mufid]].
  
He also accepted and rejected some transmitters of hadiths. He gave exclusive reports about the lives of [[Imams (a)]] and mentioned that some works were presented to the [[Infallible Ones (a)]].
+
He also accepted and rejected some transmitters of hadiths. He gave exclusive reports about the lives of [[Imams (a)]] and mentioned that some works were presented to the [[Infallible Ones (a)]].<ref>''Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif Tashayyuʿ''.</ref>
  
 
== Versions ==
 
== Versions ==
Line 61: Line 62:
 
* The version available in the [[library of Astan-i Qods Razavi]] from 967/1559.
 
* The version available in the [[library of Astan-i Qods Razavi]] from 967/1559.
  
* The version available in the library of Tabriz from 981/1573, written from the version of 551/1156-7.
+
* The version available in the library of Tabriz from 981/1573, written from the version of 551/1156-7.<ref>Tihrānī, ''al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa'', vol. 10, p. 155.</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Notes==
 +
{{notes}}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
*The material for this article is mainly taken from {{ia|[[:fa:(فهرست اسماء مصنفی الشیعة (کتاب)|فهرست اسماء مصنفی الشیعة (کتاب]]}} in Farsi WikiShia.
+
{{references}}
 
+
* Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. ''Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa''. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1403 AH.
 +
* Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. ''Rijāl al-Najāshī''. Qom: Jāmiʿat al-Mudarrisīn, 1416 AH.
 +
* Ḥillī, al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. ''Khulāṣat al-aqwāl''. Nashr al-Fiqāha, 1417 AH. [n.p].
 +
* Shamshīrī, Raḥīma and Jalālī Mahdī. ''Rawish-i Najāshī dar naqd-i rijāl''. ʿUlūm-i Ḥadīth Journal. No 40. Summer 1385 SH.
 +
* ''Kitāb shinākht-i sīra-yi maʿṣūmān''. Computer Research Center of Islamic Sciences.
 +
* ''Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif Tashayyuʿ''. [n.p]. [n.d].
 +
{{end}}
 
{{Rijal and Biographical Works}}
 
{{Rijal and Biographical Works}}
 
{{Bibliography of 5th/11th Century}}
 
{{Bibliography of 5th/11th Century}}
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Latest revision as of 12:29, 2 August 2020

Fihrist asma' musannifi l-Shi'a
Author Ahmad b. 'Ali al-Najashi
Original title فهرس أسماء مصنفي الشيعة
Language Arabic
Series 1 volume
Subject Rijal
Published 1407/1986
Publisher Jami'i Mudarresin

Fihrist asmāʾ muṣannifi l-Shiʿa (Arabic: (فهرست اسماء مصنفی الشیعة (کتاب) or Rijāl al-Najāshi (رجال النجاشي) is among the four principal sources of Shi'a in rijal. Ahmad b. 'Ali al-Najashi (d. After 463/1071) wrote it as an index for the names of Shi'a writers and only mentioned the names of great individuals who wrote books or other works. The significance of al-Najashi's book is that it preceded all other books of rijal in time and with regards to the author.

The Author

Ahmad b. Ali b. Ahmad b. 'Abbas b. Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah al-Najashi was born in Kufa in 372/982.[1] His father was too among hadith scholars and great Shi'a individuals. Based on researches made, his kunya was Abu l-Husayn and his title was al-Najashi.

Writing Motive

In the introduction of his book, al-Najashi mentioned the criticism of some opposer's of Shi'a about non-existence of a scientific history for this school as his writing motive. He wrote,

Al-Sharif al-Murtada quoted from our opposer's (Sunni people) that they said, "You Shi'a neither have precedents, nor writers. Since, this claim is out of ignorance, I wanted to answer it; so, I collected as many names of Shi'a writers as I could".[2]

Date of Writing

Writing this book was between 419/1028 and 436/1044-5, because in it, the death of Muhammad b. 'Abd al-Malik al-Tabban (419/1028) is mentioned and when mentioning the name of al-Sayyid al-Murtada (d. 436/1044), it said "May God prolongs his presence".[3]

Writing Approach

The book first mentions the names of the writers at the time of the Prophet (s) or close to his time and then the names of other writers in alphabetical order based on the first letter of their given names; and other letters of their names, name of their fathers, etc. are disregarded. 'Inayat Allah Qahpa'i, a scholar of eleventh/seventeenth century reordered the names based on alphabet so that it would be easier to use and also added some parts to the book, but unfortunately, its edition is not available and the present print of the book is based on the author's original order.[4]

In this book, al-Najashi mentioned about 1000 of Shi'a writers, as well as non-Shi'a ones (such as Sunni, Waqifid, Zaydi and Fatahiyya) and mentions their schools.[5] In his rijal, he mentioned 141 transmitters of hadith weak, due to their weakness and corruption of religion, beliefs or weakness in transmitting hadiths.[6]

Sources

Al-Najashi mentions his sources and thus the books which were available to him at that time. He benefited from great teachers and experts in rijal and hadiths such as Husayn b. 'Ubayd Allah al-Ghada'iri, Ibn Nuh al-Sirafi, al-Shaykh al-Mufid and others and also cited from the works of previous scholars such as Abu 'Amr al-Kashshi, Ibn Walid al-Qummi and Ibn 'Uqda.[7]


Significance

Al-Najashi's book is superior to other books of rijal regarding precedence in time and expertise of the author. One of the important characteristics of the book is that al-Najashi did not quote from non-authentic sources and if he wanted to quote from a non-authentic source, he would say, "said such a person…" or "mentioned such a person…" or indirectly quoted them through an authentic person such as al-Shaykh al-Mufid.

He also accepted and rejected some transmitters of hadiths. He gave exclusive reports about the lives of Imams (a) and mentioned that some works were presented to the Infallible Ones (a).[8]

Versions

  • A version of the book by the handwriting of Fadl b. Muhammad 'Abbasi belongs to 1021/1612-3 which is copied from the versions originally written by Ibn Idris al-Hilli, in which the handwritings of al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Karim b. Tawus and Sayyid Muhammad b. Sayyid Musawi are also available.
  • The version available in the library of Tabriz from 981/1573, written from the version of 551/1156-7.[9]

Notes

  1. Ḥillī, Khulāṣat al-aqwāl, p. 21.
  2. Najāshī, Rijāl al-Najāshī, p. 3.
  3. Kitāb shinākht-i sīra-yi maʿṣūmān. Computer Research Center of Islamic Sciences.
  4. Shamshīrī and Jalālī. Rawish-i Najāshī dar naqd-i rijāl.
  5. Shamshīrī and Jalālī. Rawish-i Najāshī dar naqd-i rijāl.
  6. Dīyārī Bīdgulī. Jaryānshināsī-i ghuluw wa ghālīyān dar rijāl-i Najāshī.
  7. Shamshīrī and Jalālī. Rawish-i Najāshī dar naqd-i rijāl.
  8. Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif Tashayyuʿ.
  9. Tihrānī, al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa, vol. 10, p. 155.

References

  • Āgā Buzurg al-Tihrānī, Muḥammad Muḥsin. Al-Dharīʿa ilā taṣānīf al-shīʿa. Beirut: Dār al-Aḍwāʾ, 1403 AH.
  • Najāshī, Aḥmad b. ʿAlī al-. Rijāl al-Najāshī. Qom: Jāmiʿat al-Mudarrisīn, 1416 AH.
  • Ḥillī, al-Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Khulāṣat al-aqwāl. Nashr al-Fiqāha, 1417 AH. [n.p].
  • Shamshīrī, Raḥīma and Jalālī Mahdī. Rawish-i Najāshī dar naqd-i rijāl. ʿUlūm-i Ḥadīth Journal. No 40. Summer 1385 SH.
  • Kitāb shinākht-i sīra-yi maʿṣūmān. Computer Research Center of Islamic Sciences.
  • Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif Tashayyuʿ. [n.p]. [n.d].