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Ibn Qulawayh al-Qummi

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قبر ابن قولویه.jpg
Grave of Ibn Qulawayh al-Qummi
Personal Information
Full Name Abū l-Qāsim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Mūsā b. Masrūr b. Qūlawayh al-Qummī
Well-Known Relatives Muhammad b. Ja'far b. al-Qulawayh; 'Ali b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. al-Qulawayh
Residence Qom
Death 367/977
Burial Place Kazimayn
Scholarly Information
Professors Muhammad b. Ja'far b. al-Qulawayh; 'Ali b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. al-Qulawayh;Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni
Students Al-Shaykh al-Mufid; Husayn b. 'Ubayd Allah al-Qaza'iri
Works Kamil al-Ziyarat; Tarikh al-Shuhur; Mudawat al-jasad; Al-Salat

Abū l-Qāsim Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar b. Mūsā b. Masrūr b. Qūlawayh al-Qummī (Arabic: جَعفَر بن مُحَمَّد بن جَعفَر بن مُوسى بن مَسرور بن قُولَوَيه القُمّي) (d. 367/977) known as Ibn Qūlawayh (Arabic: ابن قولویه) is one the prominent shi'a hadith narrators in the fourth century AH. He is one of the best students of Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni and one of the most outstanding teachers of Al-Shaykh al-Mufid. He is one the jurists and theologians who tried to find a middle way between the viewpoints of ahl al-hadith and the scholars of 'ilm al-Kalam (Mutakalimin). Ibn Qulawayh is the author of the book named Kamil al-Ziyarat.

Biography

Ja'far b. Qulawayh was born in Qom and in a well-educated and virtuous family. He started learning knowledge from childhood by his father and brother who were the great shi'a hadith narrators.[1] According to the biographer’s narrations, his surname is 'Abu l-Qasim.[2]

He had a travel to Egypt in 341 A.H. and participated in the classes of scholars who lived there.[3] It is narrated from Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani that Muhammad b. Sulaym al-Sabuni had narrated from him.[4]

His Character

Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qulawayh was one of the most distinctive scholarly figures of his time and his hadiths over thousands of years have been narrated and referred to in shi'a hadith sources. Shi'a scholars and jurisprudents have a great regard for him and they rely on a large number of people who have narrated through Ibn Qulawayh.

Great Scholars' Views about Him

Al-Najashi one of the scholars of 'ilm al-Rijal says, "Ibn Qulawayh is higher than any beauty, knowledge and jurisprudence with which people are characterized."[5]

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi writes about him, "Abu l-Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qulawayh al-Qummi is a reliable person and has a lot of books as many as the number of fiqh (jurisprudence) sections."[6]

'Allama al-Hilli narrates, "Abu l-Qasim had been one of the honorable and reliable companions in hadith and fiqh (jurisprudence)."[7]

Sayyid b. Tawus says about Ibn Qulawayh, "He is an honest narrator and all agree with his trustworthiness."[8]

Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, who is one the Sunni 'Ulama, believes that he is one the famous Shi'a scholars and great people.[9]

Travel to Egypt

He traveled to Egypt in 341/952 and benefited also from scholars teaching there.[10] It has been narrated from Ibn Hajar that Muhammad b. Salim al-Sabuni has narrated from him in Egypt.[11]

Teachers

He benefited from lots of great feature’s classes including:

Students

A large number of great personalities has also benefited from him like:

Hadiths

The number of his narrations in Jurisprudence is about 500 hadiths. Ayatollah Khoei says, "the name of Ibn al-Qulawayh in hadith Asnad have been mentioned 465 hadiths with the name of Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Musa and 28 hadiths with the name of Ja'far b. Muhammad b. al-Qulawayh."[14]

Works

Kamil al-Ziyarat

Ibn al-Qulawayh has a lot of books as follows:

Death

Ibn al-Qulawayh passed away in 367/977-978 and was buried in Kazimayn shrine beside Imam Musa b. Ja'far (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a)—beside Al-Shaykh al-Mufid’s tomb. However, Afandi Isfahani believes that his tomb is in Qom.[16]

Notes

  1. Qummi, Kamil al-ziyarat, preface
  2. Tusi, Rijal, p.418
  3. Ibn Qulawayh, Kamil al-ziyarat, preface
  4. Ibn Hajar, Lisan al-mizan, vol. 2 p.125
  5. Najashi, Rijal, p.123
  6. Tusi, Al-Fihrist, p.91
  7. Hilli, Khulasa al-aqwal, p.88
  8. Sayyid b. Tawus, Iqbal al-a'mal, vol.1 p.34
  9. 'Asqalani, Lisan al-mizan, vol.2 p.125
  10. Qummi, Kamil al-ziyarat, preface
  11. 'Asqalani, Lisan al-mizan, vol.2 p.125
  12. Qummi, Kamil al-ziyarat, p.9-13
  13. Qummi, Kamil al-ziyarat, p.13-14
  14. Khoei, Mu'jam, vol.5 p.67-68
  15. Qummi, Kamil al-ziyarat, p.15-17
  16. Afandi, Riad al-'ulam, vol.6 p.32

References

  • Qummi, Ibn Qulawayh al-, Kamil al-ziyarat. Nashr al-fiqaha, 1417
  • Tusi, Muhammad b. al-Hasan, Rijal.Qom: Jami’a mudarrisin, 1415
  • Najashi, Ahmad b. 'Ali –al, Rijal.
  • Tusi, Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-, Al-Fihrist. Nashr al-fiqaha, 1417
  • Hilli, Hasan b 'Ali al-, Khulasa al-aqwal. Nashr al-fiqaha, 1417
  • Ibn Tawus, 'Ali b. Musa, Iqbal al-a’mal. Maktab al-a’lam al-islami, 1414
  • 'Asqalani, Ibn Hajar al-, Lisan al-mizan. Beirut: Mu’assisa al-a’lami, 1390
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abu l-qasim al-, Mu’jam rijal al-hadith. 1413
  • Afandi, 'Abd Allah b. 'isa al-, Riyad al-'ulama wa hiyad al-fudala. Qom: Matba’a al-khiyam