Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفِطر) is one of the greatest religious holidays in Islamic tradition which marks the end of Ramadan. Fitr means opening and since in this day (Shawwal 1) Muslims break one month of fasting is called Eid al-Fitr. There are some verses and hadiths that mention the importance of this day. Fasting is forbidden on this day and Muslims hold Eid prayer. Paying Zakat al-Fitra is obligatory for Muslims on this day. This day is usually followed by official holidays in Islamic countries.
It is quoted from Jabir who quoted from Imam al-Baqir (a) and he (a) quoted from the Prophet (s) saying, "when the first of Shawwal comes, the caller will call 'O believers! Rush to your rewards in the morning!" He (a) then said, "O Jabir! Rewards of God are not [like] the rewards of kings." And he (s) said, "That day is the day of rewards."
The Prophet (s) said, "angels on the day of Eid stand at the alleys and paths and say, 'rush to the Generous Lord who gives great blessings and forgives great sins."
In some Eids, Imam 'Ali (a) said, "This is Eid of the one, God has accepted his fasting and worships and every day in which God is not disobeyed is Eid."
Exegetes of the Qur'an have said that "و لتکبر الله" in "وَ لِتُکمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَ لِتُکبِّرُوا اللَّـهَ عَلَیٰ مَا هَدَاکمْ وَ لَعَلَّکمْ تَشْکرُونَ" ["and so that you may complete the number, and magnify Allah for guiding you, and that you may give thanks."], is about the Takbirs recommended on the eve of Eid al-Fitr.
Among the highly recommended actions of the day of Eid al-Fitr is doing ghusl which can be done after Fajr, but there is a disagreement about the time of Zuhr prayer or the sunset being the latest time it can be done. Read more...
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