Manahij al-yaqin fi usul al-din (book)
|Manahij al-yaqib fi usul al-din|
|Original title||مَناهِجُ الیَقین فی اُصولِ الدّین|
Manāhij al-yaqīn fī uṣūl al-dīn (Arabic: مناهج اليقين في اصول الدين, literally: paths of certitude on principles of the religion) is an Arabic book concerning Islamic theology and teachings written by al-Allama al-Hilli. The book accounts for the principles of Imami Shiite beliefs and their underlying rational and transmitted evidence.
The author begins the work with a discussion of types of what is known as well as general attributes of existence and nonexistence. He then discusses types of beings, such as eternal and incipient beings, types of incipient beings, and their attributes and preliminaries.
About the Author
- Main article: Al-'Allama al-Hilli
Abu Mansur Jamal al-Din, Hasan b. Yusuf b. Mutahhar al-Hilli (648/1250 – 726/1326) known as al-'Allama al-Hilli was among the scholars of 8th/16th century. His works and debates led Öljeitü (later called Sultan Mohammad Khuda'banda) to accept Shi'a and spread Shi'a in Iran. Al-'Allama al-Hilli had many works in the sciences of jurisprudence, principles of jurisprudence, beliefs, logic, supplication, etc. He had three books in rijal which are Khulasat al-aqwal fi ma'rifat al-rijal, kashf al-maqal fi ma'rifat al-rijal and Idah al-ishtibah.
About the Book
The book is also called "Minhaj al-yaqin" and "Manhaj al-yaqin." One of the distictive features of the book is that al-Hilli concerns himself with a survey and consideration of all views propounded by theologians and philosophers of Ancient Greece, bitheists, Magi, Sabians, Jews, Christians, Mu'tazila, Ash'aris, Khawarij, Zaydis, and so on.
Contents of the Book
Manahij al-yaqin includes a short introduction concerning the definition and divisions of the science. The main body of the book contains twelve sections under "manhaj" (path), in each case the views of different sects of Muslims and a short account of their arguments, and then the right position is argued for.
The twelve paths
- First path: on the division of what is known
- Second path: on the division of what exists
- Third path: on the ruling of what exists
- Fourth path: on the proof for the Necessary Being and His attributes
- Fifth path: What is impossible for God
- Sixth path: Justice
- Seventh path: prophethood
- Eighth path: Imamate
- Ninth path: Resurrection
- Tenth path: Good tidings and warnings
- Eleventh path: Names and rulings
- Twelfth path: Enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong
Exposition of the Book
An exposition was written for Manahij al-yaqin by al-Shaykh Kamal al-Din al-Ata'iqi in 787/1385. It is available in the storage of Gharawiyya Library with the author's own handwriting.
Manuscripts and Publications
The book was published in 1415/1994 in Dar al-Uswa in Tehran.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from مناهج الیقین فی اصول الدین (کتاب) in Farsi Wikishia.