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{{Infobox descedant of Imam
 
{{Infobox descedant of Imam
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| caption = tomb attributed to him in [[Damqan]], Iran.
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| Name = Muhammad b. Ja'far al-Sadiq (a)
 
| Name = Muhammad b. Ja'far al-Sadiq (a)
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'''Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar''' (Arabic: {{ia|محمد بن جعفر}}) (d. [[203]]/818-9), well known as '''Muḥammad al-Dībāj''' ({{ia|محمد الدیباج}}), was one of the children of [[Imam al-Sadiq (a)]]. He revolted against [[Abbasids]] in 199/814-5; but he was captured by [[al-Ma'mun]]. Muhammad died in [[Khurasan]] and al-Ma'mun performed his [[funeral prayer]].
 
'''Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar''' (Arabic: {{ia|محمد بن جعفر}}) (d. [[203]]/818-9), well known as '''Muḥammad al-Dībāj''' ({{ia|محمد الدیباج}}), was one of the children of [[Imam al-Sadiq (a)]]. He revolted against [[Abbasids]] in 199/814-5; but he was captured by [[al-Ma'mun]]. Muhammad died in [[Khurasan]] and al-Ma'mun performed his [[funeral prayer]].
  
==Characteristics==
+
==Introduction==
He was a brave and generous person. He fasted every other day. He agreed with [[Zaydiyya]] about armed uprising.
+
Muhammad son of Imam al-Sadiq (a) was among the scholars of his time and a transmitter of the hadiths of his father. He was titled as Dibaj because he was good-looking; but, his hadiths are considered weak and unreliable.
 +
He was a brave and generous person. He agreed with [[Zaydiyya]] about armed uprising. [[Khadija bt. 'Abd Allah b. al-Hasan]] was his wife.
 
{{Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)}}
 
{{Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)}}
[[Khadija bt. 'Abd Allah b. al-Hasan]] was his wife.
 
  
 
==Uprising Against Abbasid==
 
==Uprising Against Abbasid==
In [[199]]/814-5, he revolted against [[al-Ma'mun]] -the [[Abbasid]] [[Caliph]]- in [[Mecca]].
+
In 199 AH and according to some reports in 200 AH, he made an uprising against Ma’mun in Mecca. They say that he did not agree to make an uprising first and did it after he was encouraged by some of his companions and family members. His uprising was contemporary with a rebellion taken place at the beginning of the caliphate of Ma’mun and at the same time, different uprisings were made by Alawis and other dissidents of ‘Abbasids in Islamic lands, including the uprising of Tabataba which gained many successes in Iraq at that time.
 +
Another ‘Alawi named Husayn b. Hasan Aftas took the power in Mecca. According to some reports, Husayn b. Aftas who encountered people’s dissent and also saw the failure of other uprisings, went to Muhammad Dibaj and offered him the caliphate to use his popularity. Muhammad did not accept first, until after the insistence of his son and Husayn Aftas. According to Mas’udi, Muhammad Dibaj was first a follower of Ibn Tabataba and called people toward him. After the death of Ibn Tabataba, he claimed the caliphate and was called “Amir al-Mu’minin”.
  
[[Jarudiyya]] (a branch of Zaydiyya) accompanied him in this uprising.
+
==His Presence Before Ma'mun==
 +
‘Isa Juludi was the commander of the soldiers sent by Ma’mun to fight Dibaj. After some encounters in Hijaz and regions surrounding Mecca, he defeated the companions of Muhammad and captured him. After being captured, Dibaj spoke in Mecca for people, expressed his regret and said, “I was told that Ma’mun has died and thus I accepted the caliphate.”
 +
According to some reports, when Imam al-Rida (a) was martyred, Muhammad b. Ja’far was in Khurasan and Ma’mun summoned him together with other Sayyids, the day after the martyrdom of Imam al-Rida (a) and informed them about it.
  
'Isa al-Jaludi, who was sent from al-Ma'mun to crush the uprising, scattered them.
+
==Demise==
 
+
[[File:امامزاده دیباج در دامغان.jpg|thumbnail|right|300px|Tomb attributed to Muhammad b. Ja'far in [[Damqan]], Iran]]
==After Uprising==
+
Muhammad passed away in Khurasan. Al-Ma'mun participated in his funeral and performed [[funeral Prayer]] on his body.
'Isa al-Jaludi captures him and sent him to [[al-Ma'mun]]. Al-Ma'mun honored him and sat him next to himself and gave him several gifts. He stayed in [[Khurasan]] with al-Ma'mun. Al-Ma'mun tolerated and bore his actions more than any other Caliph do of his people.
 
  
==Demise==
+
In Iran, there are some graves attributed to Muhammad Dibaj. One of the graves attributed to Muhammad Dibaj is in Dibaj of Damghan, another is in Shaligan village in Dargaz, another is Imamzadeh Aq Imam in Azadshahr and another grave is attributed to him in Qazvin.
Muhammad passed away in Khurasan. Al-Ma'mun participated in his funeral and performed [[Salat al-Mayyit]] (funeral Prayer) on his body.
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
* The material for this article is mainly taken from [http://fa.wikishia.net/view/محمد_بن_جعفر_الصادق {{ia|محمد بن جعفر الصادق}}] in Farsi Wikishia.
+
* The material for this article is mainly taken from {{ia|[[:fa:محمد بن جعفر الصادق|محمد بن جعفر الصادق]]}} in Farsi Wikishia.
 
 
 
{{Imam al-Sadiq (a)}}
 
{{Imam al-Sadiq (a)}}
 
 
[[fa:محمد بن جعفر الصادق]]
 
[[fa:محمد بن جعفر الصادق]]
 
[[ur:محمد بن جعفر الصادق]]
 
[[ur:محمد بن جعفر الصادق]]
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[[Category:Children of Imam al-Sadiq (a)]]
 
[[Category:Children of Imam al-Sadiq (a)]]

Revision as of 11:14, 10 November 2018

Descendant of Imam
Muhammad b. Imam al-Sadiq
Father Imam al-Sadiq (a)
Mother Hamida
Spouse(s) Khadija bt. 'Abd Allah b. al-Hasan
Demise 203/818-9
Place of Burial Khurasan

Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar (Arabic: محمد بن جعفر) (d. 203/818-9), well known as Muḥammad al-Dībāj (محمد الدیباج), was one of the children of Imam al-Sadiq (a). He revolted against Abbasids in 199/814-5; but he was captured by al-Ma'mun. Muhammad died in Khurasan and al-Ma'mun performed his funeral prayer.

Introduction

Muhammad son of Imam al-Sadiq (a) was among the scholars of his time and a transmitter of the hadiths of his father. He was titled as Dibaj because he was good-looking; but, his hadiths are considered weak and unreliable. He was a brave and generous person. He agreed with Zaydiyya about armed uprising. Khadija bt. 'Abd Allah b. al-Hasan was his wife.

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khadija
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Mariya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Lady Fatima
 
 
 
Ibrahim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam Ali
 
 
 
 
Umm al-Banin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Husayn
 
 
Imam al-Hasan
 
Lady Zaynab
 
Umm Kulthum
 
Muhsin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Abd Allah
 
Uthman
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
'Awn
 
Ali
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Umm Kulthum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hasan
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Fatima
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
Zaynab
 
Ibrahim
 
Al-Hasan
 
al-Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
Ibrahim
 
Idris
 
 
 
 
 
Nafisa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sajjad
 
'Ali al-Akbar
 
'Ali al-Asghar
 
Fatima
 
Sukayna
 
Ruqayya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Baqir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sadiq
 
'Abd Allah
 
Ibrahim
 
'Ubayd Allah
 
'Ali
 
Yahya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Kazim
 
Muhammad
 
Ali
 
Ishaq
 
Umm Farwa
 
'Abd Allah
 
Isma'il
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Rida
 
Ma'suama
 
Hamza
 
Ishaq
 
Ahmad
 
Ibrahim
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Imam al-Jawad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hadi
 
Musa
 
Fatima
 
Hakima
 
Amama
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-'Askari
 
Husayn
 
Muhammad
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
Imam al-Mahdi
 
 


Uprising Against Abbasid

In 199 AH and according to some reports in 200 AH, he made an uprising against Ma’mun in Mecca. They say that he did not agree to make an uprising first and did it after he was encouraged by some of his companions and family members. His uprising was contemporary with a rebellion taken place at the beginning of the caliphate of Ma’mun and at the same time, different uprisings were made by Alawis and other dissidents of ‘Abbasids in Islamic lands, including the uprising of Tabataba which gained many successes in Iraq at that time. Another ‘Alawi named Husayn b. Hasan Aftas took the power in Mecca. According to some reports, Husayn b. Aftas who encountered people’s dissent and also saw the failure of other uprisings, went to Muhammad Dibaj and offered him the caliphate to use his popularity. Muhammad did not accept first, until after the insistence of his son and Husayn Aftas. According to Mas’udi, Muhammad Dibaj was first a follower of Ibn Tabataba and called people toward him. After the death of Ibn Tabataba, he claimed the caliphate and was called “Amir al-Mu’minin”.

His Presence Before Ma'mun

‘Isa Juludi was the commander of the soldiers sent by Ma’mun to fight Dibaj. After some encounters in Hijaz and regions surrounding Mecca, he defeated the companions of Muhammad and captured him. After being captured, Dibaj spoke in Mecca for people, expressed his regret and said, “I was told that Ma’mun has died and thus I accepted the caliphate.” According to some reports, when Imam al-Rida (a) was martyred, Muhammad b. Ja’far was in Khurasan and Ma’mun summoned him together with other Sayyids, the day after the martyrdom of Imam al-Rida (a) and informed them about it.

Demise

Tomb attributed to Muhammad b. Ja'far in Damqan, Iran

Muhammad passed away in Khurasan. Al-Ma'mun participated in his funeral and performed funeral Prayer on his body.

In Iran, there are some graves attributed to Muhammad Dibaj. One of the graves attributed to Muhammad Dibaj is in Dibaj of Damghan, another is in Shaligan village in Dargaz, another is Imamzadeh Aq Imam in Azadshahr and another grave is attributed to him in Qazvin.

References