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Difference between revisions of "Mus'ab b. al-Zubayr"

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Mus'ab b. Zubayr (murdered in 72/691) was the commander from the Zubayr Family who put an end to al-Mukhtar’s Uprising. Mus'ab was appointed as the ruler of Basra by his brother 'Abd Allah b. Zubayr. After killing al-Mukhtar, he also killed five thousand people to whom he had promised a safeguard. Mus'ab married Imam al-Husayn’s daughter, Sakina. Mus'ab was killed in a battle with 'Abd al-Malik b. Marwan, the Umayyad ruler, in 72/691.
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{{Infobox person
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| name = <!--default is the page name-->
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| known for =
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| image =
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| Full Name =
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| Teknonym = Abu Abd Allah
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| Epithet =
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| Well Known As =
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| Religious Affiliation = [[Islam]]
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| Lineage =
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| Wellknown Relatives = [[Zubayr]] (his father), [[Abd Allah b. Zubayr]] (his brother), [[Sukayna]] (his wife)
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| Birth =
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| Place of Birth =
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| Places of Residence = <!--if there is more than one place of residence-->
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| Place of Residence =
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| Death = [[72]]/691
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| Cause of Death = Killed in the battle with [[Abd al-Malik b. Marwan]]
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| Martyrdom = <!--in case of martyrdom-->
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| Era =
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| Known for =
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| Professors =
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| Notable roles = Ruler of [[Basra]] and [[Kufa]]
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| Works =
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| Activities = Murder of [[Mukhtar]] and overthrow of his government
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}}
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'''Mus'ab b. Zubayr''' (Arabic: {{ia|مُصعَب بن زُبَیر}}) (d. [[72]]/691) was the commander from the Zubayr Family who put an end to [[al-Mukhtar's Uprising]]. Mus'ab was appointed as the ruler of [[Basra]] by his brother [[Abd Allah b. Zubayr]]. After killing al-Mukhtar, he also killed five thousand people to whom he had promised a safeguard. Mus'ab married [[Imam al-Husayn]]'s (a) daughter, [[Sukayna bt. al-Imam al-Husayn (a)|Sukayna]]. Mus'ab was killed in a battle with [[Abd al-Malik b. Marwan]], the [[Umayyad]] ruler, in 72/691.
  
 
==Lineage and Family==
 
==Lineage and Family==
Mus'ab was a son of Zubayr b. 'Awam and Rubab the daughter of Anif b. 'Ubayd, and his kunya was Abu 'Abd Allah. He is considered as a member of the second group of Tabi'un. He allegedly was good-looking, generous, and had many children.
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Mus'ab was a son of [[Zubayr b. Awam]] and Rubab the daughter of Anif b. Ubayd, and his [[kunya]] was Abu Abd Allah. He is considered as a member of the second group of [[Tabi'un]]. He allegedly was good-looking, [[Generosity|generous]], and had many children.
  
He transmitted hadiths from Zubayr b. 'Awam, 'Umar b. Khattb, Sa'd, and Abu Sa'id al-Khidri.
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He transmitted [[hadith]]s from Zubayr b. Awam, [[Umar b. al-Khattb]], [[Sa'd]], and [[Abu Sa'id al-Khidri]].
  
Mus'ab once stopped at Imam al-Husayn’s grave in one of his trips and said, “O Aba 'Abd Allah! I swear to God that although your enemies took your life, they failed to take your religion away from you”.
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Mus'ab once stopped at [[Imam al-Husayn's (a) grave]] in one of his trips and said, "O Abu Abd Allah! I swear to [[God]] that although your enemies took your life, they failed to take your religion away from you".
  
Two of Mus'ab’s wives were well-known: Sakina the daughter of Imam al-Husayn (a) and 'A'isha the daughter of Talha.
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Two of Mus'ab's wives were well-known: Sukayna the daughter of Imam al-Husayn (a) and A'isha the daughter of [[Talha]].
  
===Marriage with Sakina the Daughter of Imam al-Husayn===
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===Marriage with Sukayna the Daughter of Imam al-Husayn===
According to historical sources, Mus'ab was passionate about marrying Sakina the daughter of Imam al-Husayn (a). He allegedly asked and prayed to God to help him marry Sakina and become the ruler of Iraq. Sakina married Mus'ab with a large amount of mahr. The enormous mahr led to objections to 'Abd Allah b. Zubayr. Thus, he temporarily removed Mus'ab from the government. Mus'ab and Sakina had a daughter called Fatima who died when she was a child. <ref>After the death of their husbands, Imam al-Husayn’s daughters were proposed for marriage by Umayyad rulers. Thus, in order to evade marriage to the Umayyads, they married other people. Ibn al-Athir, ''al-Kamil'', 1965, vol. 5, p. 113; al-Baladhuri, ''Ansab al-ashraf'', 1977, vol. 2, p. 47.</ref>
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According to historical sources, Mus'ab was passionate about marrying Sukayna the daughter of Imam al-Husayn (a). He allegedly asked and [[supplication|prayed]] to God to help him marry Sukayna and become the ruler of [[Iraq]]. Sukayna married Mus'ab with a large amount of [[mahr]]. The enormous mahr led to objections to Abd Allah b. Zubayr. Thus, he temporarily removed Mus'ab from the government. Mus'ab and Sukayna had a daughter called Fatima who died when she was a child. <ref>After the death of their husbands, Imam al-Husayn's daughters were proposed for marriage by Umayyad rulers. Thus, in order to evade marriage to the Umayyads, they married other people. Ibn al-Athir, ''al-Kamil'', 1965, vol. 5, p. 113; al-Baladhuri, ''Ansab al-ashraf'', 1977, vol. 2, p. 47.</ref>
  
 
==The Rule of Basra==
 
==The Rule of Basra==
In 67/686, Mus'ab was appointed by his brother, 'Abd Allah b. Zubayr, as the ruler of Basra. Upon his arrival in Basra, he gave a speech to people of Basra and referred to himself as a “butcher”.
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In [[67]]/686, Mus'ab was appointed by his brother, Abd Allah b. Zubayr, as the ruler of [[Basra]]. Upon his arrival in Basra, he gave a speech to people of Basra and referred to himself as a "butcher".
  
During Mus'ab’s rule of Basra, he was encouraged by some noblemen of Kufa, such as Shabath b. Rib'i and Muhammad b. Ash'ath, to combat al-Mukhtar.
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During Mus'ab's rule of Basra, he was encouraged by some noblemen of [[Kufa]], such as [[Shabath b. Rib'i]] and [[Muhammad b. Ash'ath]], to combat al-Mukhtar.
  
 
==The Battle with al-Mukhtar and the Conquest of Kufa==
 
==The Battle with al-Mukhtar and the Conquest of Kufa==
Mus'ab combatted and defeated al-Mukhtar. With the remainder of his army, al-Mukhtar went inside Kufa’s Dar al-Imara (House of Emirate). After 40 days of siege, al-Mukhtar and a few of his forces went out of Dar al-Imara and were killed after a short battle.
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Mus'ab combated and defeated al-Mukhtar. With the remainder of his army, al-Mukhtar went inside Kufa's Dar al-Imara (House of Emirate). After forty days of siege, al-Mukhtar and a few of his forces went out of Dar al-Imara and were killed after a short battle.
  
The majority of al-Mukhtar’s people, who amounted to about five thousand (or six thousand or seven thousand), asked Mus'ab to promise them a safeguard, and he gave it to them. However, when they surrendered, they all were killed at the command of Mus'ab. Because of the mass killing, Mus'ab was condemned by 'Abd Allah b. 'Umar. He told Mus'ab, “you would have squandered if you had slaughtered the same number of sheep from the Zubayr Family in one morning, let alone this number of people who were hoped to repent to God”.
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The majority of al-Mukhtar's people, who amounted to about five thousand (or six thousand or seven thousand), asked Mus'ab to promise them a safeguard, and he gave it to them. However, when they surrendered, they all were killed at the command of Mus'ab. Because of the mass killing, Mus'ab was condemned by [[Abd Allah b. Umar]]. He told Mus'ab, "You would have [[squandered]] if you had slaughtered the same number of sheep from the Zubayr Family in one morning, let alone this number of people who were hoped to [[Repentance|repent]] to God".
  
Mus'ab also killed 'Abd al-Rahman and 'Abd al-Rabb, the sons of Hujr b. 'Adi.
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Mus'ab also killed Abd al-Rahman and Abd al-Rabb, the sons of [[Hujr b. Adi]].
  
 
After defeating al-Mukhtar, Mus'ab gained the rule of both Basra and Kufa.
 
After defeating al-Mukhtar, Mus'ab gained the rule of both Basra and Kufa.
  
==The Battle with 'Abd al-Malik==
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==The Battle with Abd al-Malik==
In 72/691, a battle took place between 'Abd al-Malik b. Marwan and Mus'ab in an area called “Maskan”. Mus'ab was defeated and killed in the battle. According to some sources, Mus'ab was 36 at the time of his death. Mus'ab’s son, 'Isa, was also killed in the battle.
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In 72/691, a battle took place between [[Abd al-Malik b. Marwan]] and Mus'ab in an area called "Maskan". Mus'ab was defeated and killed in the battle. According to some sources, Mus'ab was thirty six at the time of his death. Mus'ab's son, Isa, was also killed in the battle.
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==Notes==
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{{notes}}
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==References==
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* The material for this article is mainly taken from [http://fa.wikishia.net/view/%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B9%D8%A8_%D8%A8%D9%86_%D8%B2%D8%A8%DB%8C%D8%B1 {{ia|مصعب بن زبیر}}] in Farsi WikiShia.
  
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Revision as of 11:33, 27 November 2018

Mus'ab b. al-Zubayr
Teknonym Abu Abd Allah
Religious Affiliation Islam
Well-known Relatives Zubayr (his father), Abd Allah b. Zubayr (his brother), Sukayna (his wife)
Death 72/691
Cause of Death Killed in the battle with Abd al-Malik b. Marwan
Notable roles Ruler of Basra and Kufa
Activities Murder of Mukhtar and overthrow of his government

Mus'ab b. Zubayr (Arabic: مُصعَب بن زُبَیر) (d. 72/691) was the commander from the Zubayr Family who put an end to al-Mukhtar's Uprising. Mus'ab was appointed as the ruler of Basra by his brother Abd Allah b. Zubayr. After killing al-Mukhtar, he also killed five thousand people to whom he had promised a safeguard. Mus'ab married Imam al-Husayn's (a) daughter, Sukayna. Mus'ab was killed in a battle with Abd al-Malik b. Marwan, the Umayyad ruler, in 72/691.

Lineage and Family

Mus'ab was a son of Zubayr b. Awam and Rubab the daughter of Anif b. Ubayd, and his kunya was Abu Abd Allah. He is considered as a member of the second group of Tabi'un. He allegedly was good-looking, generous, and had many children.

He transmitted hadiths from Zubayr b. Awam, Umar b. al-Khattb, Sa'd, and Abu Sa'id al-Khidri.

Mus'ab once stopped at Imam al-Husayn's (a) grave in one of his trips and said, "O Abu Abd Allah! I swear to God that although your enemies took your life, they failed to take your religion away from you".

Two of Mus'ab's wives were well-known: Sukayna the daughter of Imam al-Husayn (a) and A'isha the daughter of Talha.

Marriage with Sukayna the Daughter of Imam al-Husayn

According to historical sources, Mus'ab was passionate about marrying Sukayna the daughter of Imam al-Husayn (a). He allegedly asked and prayed to God to help him marry Sukayna and become the ruler of Iraq. Sukayna married Mus'ab with a large amount of mahr. The enormous mahr led to objections to Abd Allah b. Zubayr. Thus, he temporarily removed Mus'ab from the government. Mus'ab and Sukayna had a daughter called Fatima who died when she was a child. [1]

The Rule of Basra

In 67/686, Mus'ab was appointed by his brother, Abd Allah b. Zubayr, as the ruler of Basra. Upon his arrival in Basra, he gave a speech to people of Basra and referred to himself as a "butcher".

During Mus'ab's rule of Basra, he was encouraged by some noblemen of Kufa, such as Shabath b. Rib'i and Muhammad b. Ash'ath, to combat al-Mukhtar.

The Battle with al-Mukhtar and the Conquest of Kufa

Mus'ab combated and defeated al-Mukhtar. With the remainder of his army, al-Mukhtar went inside Kufa's Dar al-Imara (House of Emirate). After forty days of siege, al-Mukhtar and a few of his forces went out of Dar al-Imara and were killed after a short battle.

The majority of al-Mukhtar's people, who amounted to about five thousand (or six thousand or seven thousand), asked Mus'ab to promise them a safeguard, and he gave it to them. However, when they surrendered, they all were killed at the command of Mus'ab. Because of the mass killing, Mus'ab was condemned by Abd Allah b. Umar. He told Mus'ab, "You would have squandered if you had slaughtered the same number of sheep from the Zubayr Family in one morning, let alone this number of people who were hoped to repent to God".

Mus'ab also killed Abd al-Rahman and Abd al-Rabb, the sons of Hujr b. Adi.

After defeating al-Mukhtar, Mus'ab gained the rule of both Basra and Kufa.

The Battle with Abd al-Malik

In 72/691, a battle took place between Abd al-Malik b. Marwan and Mus'ab in an area called "Maskan". Mus'ab was defeated and killed in the battle. According to some sources, Mus'ab was thirty six at the time of his death. Mus'ab's son, Isa, was also killed in the battle.

Notes

  1. After the death of their husbands, Imam al-Husayn's daughters were proposed for marriage by Umayyad rulers. Thus, in order to evade marriage to the Umayyads, they married other people. Ibn al-Athir, al-Kamil, 1965, vol. 5, p. 113; al-Baladhuri, Ansab al-ashraf, 1977, vol. 2, p. 47.

References