Difference between revisions of "Sura al-Kawthar"

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Sura al-Kawthar is the 108th sura and a Makki sura of the Qur'an, located in the 30th juz' thereof. It is the smallest sura of the Qur'an, which is called “al-Kawthar” because its first verse talks about a blessing to the Prophet called “Kawthar,” asking the Prophet to say Prayers and sacrifice for such a great blessing.

Instances of “Kawthar” are variously interpreted as the Pond of Kawthar, the Heaven, an abundance of the good, prophethood, the Qur'an, the great number of his Sahaba, and intercession. In the view of many Shiite scholars, one instance of “Kawthar” is Fatima and her children, because the sura was revealed in response to those who had claimed that the Prophet had no progeny.

As to the virtue of the recitation of Sura al-Kawthar, it is said: if one recites the sura in his daily prayers, then he will drink from the Pond of Kawthar on the day of resurrection, and will be a companion of the Prophet under the Tree of Tuba.

Introduction

Naming

The sura is called “Kawthar” because its first verse talks about a blessing called “Kawthar” which is given by God to the Prophet.

Order and Place of Revelation

Sura al-Kawthar is a Makki sura. In the order of revelation, it is the 15th sura revealed to the Prophet. In the traditional order of compilation, it is the 108th sura, located in the 30th juz' of the Qur'an.

Number of Verses and Words

Sura al-Kawthar has 3 verses, 10 words, and 43 letters. It is the smallest sura of the Qur'an.

Contents

The sura addresses the Prophet in all of its verses, just like Suras of al-Duha and al-Inshirah. It points to a blessing given to the Prophet called “al-Kawthar” which was given to the Prophet by God. Quranic exegetes have interpreted “al-kawthar” as abundant good—one for which the Prophet is asked to perform prayers and make sacrifices.

Instances of al-Kawthar

There is a disagreement among exegetes as to what the instance of al-Kawthar is. Some possible interpretations include the Pond of Kawthar, a river in the Heaven, abundant good, prophethood, the Qur'an, the great number of the Prophet’s progeny, and intercession.

In Tafsir nimuna, many Shiite scholars are said to believe that one instance of al-Kawthar is Fatima, because the sura talks about those who claim that the Prophet has no progeny, while his progeny continued through Fatima, and this is the progeny in which Imamate appeared.

• Content: the defeat of the enemies of Islam in light of God’s grace 1. First point: God’s abundant grace to the Prophet 2. the Prophet’s obligations as to divine grace The first obligation: worship and servitude of God The second obligation: making sacrifice and donating the best of his property 3. the defeat of the Prophet’s enemies

Occasion of the Revelation

Sura al-Kawthar was revealed after what 'As b. Wa'il said about the Prophet. When 'Abd Allah, the Prophet’s son, died and the Prophet had no son, he referred to the Prophet as “Abtar” (without posterity, that is, without a progeny) when he was in a gathering of the Quraysh. With this sura, God consoled the Prophet that he was given the abundant good. Moreover, God prognosticated that his enemies will have no progeny.

The Recitation of the Sura in Mustahab Prayers

It is recommended to recite Sura al-Kawthar in some mustahab prayers, including:

The Prayer of the 11th night of the Ramadan month: this Prayer consists of two rak'as, in each of which, Sura al-Hamd is recited once, and Sura al-Kawthar is recited 20 times.

The Prayer of the 18th night of the Ramadan month: this prayer consists of four rak'as, in each of which Sura al-Hamd is recited once, and Sura al-Kawthar is recited 25 times.

Virtue and Features

Abu Basir quoted Imam al-Sadiq as saying: if one recites the sura in his daily prayers, then he will drink from the Pond of Kawthar on the day of resurrection, and will be a companion of the Prophet under the Tree of Tuba. In Majma' al-bayan, the Prophet is quoted as saying: if one recites Sura al-Kawthar, God will satiate him with rivers of the Heaven, and will reward him as many times as servants of God make sacrifices on Eid al-Adha and as People of the Book and polytheists make sacrifices.

Artworks

Sura al-Kawthar has been inscribed on tiles of some buildings, such as holy shrines, mosques, Imamzadas, and seminary schools, including the interior part of Imam al-Husayn’s darih, an inscription in the mausoleum of al-Shaykh al-Saduq (Ibn Babawayh) with the handwriting of Ibrahim Tihrani, an inscription in the Sipahsalar School, and inscriptions on top of the gate of Sayyid Mosque in Isfahan.