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'Ayn al-Warda

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ʿAyn al-Warda (Arabic: عین الوردة) is the name of a region in north-east of Damascus and in the west of Kufa in Syria. It is famous for the uprising of Tawwabun which took place there. Sulayman b. Surad al-Khuza'i and his followers were martyred there.


It is said 'Ayn al-Warda was a resting place between Kufa and Damascus. It is stated in al-Mu'jam al-Buldan: 'Ayn al-Warda, is a famous city in Upper Mesopotamia, a region between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. A number of important battles of Arabs took place there and it experienced some historical events as well.

The Rise of Tawwabun

Main article: Tawwabun Uprising

The army of Tawwabun led by Sulayman b. Surad confronted the army of Ibn Ziyad in 'Ayn al-Warda region. Tawwabun launched their uprising to seek revenge against Banu Umayyad who killed Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions in the Battle of Karbala. They also wanted to compensate for their failure to assist Imam al-Husayn (a). Finally Sulayman b. Surad and his supporters were martyred in 'Ayn al-Warda.


  • The material for writing this article is mainly taken from عین الوردة in Farsi WikiShia.