|This section is a general introduction to the rulings of a fiqhi topic.|
'Isha' prayer has four rak'as, on the first rak'a of which after mentioning the intention and saying takbirat al-ihram, Sura al-Fatiha and another sura (not having an obligatory sajda) usually Sura al-Ikhlas is recited and then one ruku' and two sajdas are performed. Then, the person stands up for the second rak'a and continues by reciting Sura al-Fatiha and another sura and performing ruku' and sajda.
Then, tashahhud is recited in sitting position and in the third and fourth rak'as, tasbihat al-arba'a is recited and one ruku' and two sajdas are performed.
The "special time" for 'isha' prayer is the time enough for performing a one four-rak'a prayer before shar'i midnight. The "common time" for maghrib and 'isha' prayers is between the special times of the two prayers.
In the Qur'an, it is ordered to establish and observe daily prayers, and 'isha' prayer is one of them, "be watchful of your prayers, and [especially] the middle prayer, and stand in obedience to Allah." (Qur'an 2: 238)
Nafila of 'Isha' Prayer
- Main article: Al-Wutayra Prayer
Nafila of 'isha', or al-Wutayra prayer has two rak'as and is recommended to be performed after the 'isha' prayer and its time is until shar'i midnight.
If the maghrib prayer is intentionally not performed until the special time of 'isha' prayer, 'isha' prayer needs to be performed first.
If 'isha' prayer is performed before maghrib prayer unintentionally, and one realizes that after prayer, one's prayer will be correct.
Men should recite Sura al-Fatiha and the other sura in loudly. Women are allowed to recite Sura al-Fatiha and the other sura either loudly or quietly; but, if a non-mahram person hears their voice, it is an obligatory caution to recite them quietly.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from نماز عشاء in Farsi WikiShia.