‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Abd Rabb Ansari Khazraji
‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Abd Rabb Ansari Khazraji was among the companions of the Prophet (a) and Imam Ali (a) and among the martyrs of Karbala. He was present in the event of Ghadir and was among transmitters of the hadith of Ghadir. On the day of Rahaba, he was among those who gave testimony about the event of Ghadir and the Prophet’s (a) word about wilaya of Imam Ali (a) in front of people.
The Event of Ghadir
‘Abd al-Rahman was among those who remembered the Prophet (a). He was present in the event of Ghadir and was among transmitters of the hadith of Ghadir. It is narrated that Imam Ali (a) taught him the Qur’an.
On the day of Rahaba, Imam Ali (a) asked those of the companions who had witnessed [the Prophet’s (a) statement about] his caliphate on the day of Ghadir to stand up and give testimony to his caliphate. Thus, when some people such as Abu Ayyub Ansari, Abu ‘Umra b. ‘Amr b. Muhsin, Abu Zaynab, Sahl b. Hanif, Khuzayma b. Thabit, Habashi b. Junada Saluli, ‘Ubayd b. ‘Adhib, Luqman b. ‘Ijlan Ansari, Thabit b. Wadi’a Ansari, Abu Fadala Ansari and ‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Abd Rabb Ansari stood up and said that, “we give testimony that we heard that the Prophet (a) said, ‘Beware that God, the Almighty and Glorious is my guardian and I am the guardian of believers; beware that whoever I am his guardian, Ali (a) is his guardian.’”
The Event of Karbala
‘Abd al-Rahman entered the caravan of Imam al-Husayn (a) from Mecca. It is narrated that on the day of Tasu’a, Burayr b. Khudayr was joking with ‘Abd al-Rahman. ‘Abd al-Rahman told him, “It is not the time of joking now.” Burayr answered, “O brother! My relatives know that when I was young, I was not a man of joking, lest I be so in my old ages. But, I know what we meet soon. By God I swear, the distance between us the big-eyed houris is the attack of these people with their swords, and how much I love it to be now.”
According to some historians, he was martyred during the first attack of the army of ‘Umar b. Sa’d.