Abu Basir (disambiguation)
|People of Consensus
Abū Baṣīr (Arabic: أبوبصير) is a common title referring to a number of transmitters of hadiths, including Yahya b. Abu l-Qasim al-Asadi, Layth b. Bakhtari al-Muradi, 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad al-Asadi al-Kufi, Abu Basir Yusuf b. Harith, and Abu Basir al-Thaqafi.
Abu Basir in Hadiths
In many Imami hadiths, "Abu Basir" occurs in chains of transmissions without any qualification. It is only with external evidence that the person referred to as "Abu Basir" can be identified. However, there are very few chains of transmissions in which "Abu Basir" occurs with a certain qualification. However, some of these qualifications are not firm as they stand, and it is probable that they were confused.
The commonality of "Abu Basir" between Yahya al-Asadi and Layth al-Muradi led to debates about the identity of Abu Basir among Imami scholars of hadiths and rijal from earlier centuries until now. Thus, it is sometimes unknown which of these two contemporary figures both of whom lived in Kufa was referred to by "Abu Basir".
In Shiite sources of rijal and hadith, people other than Yahya b. Abu l-Qasim al-Asadi and Layth b. Bakhtari al-Muradi are also referred to as "Abu Basir": Abu Basir 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad al-Asadi al-Kufi, a companion of Imam al-Baqir (a), Abu Basir Yusuf b. Harith, a Batri companion of Imam al-Baqir (a), and Abu Basir al-Thaqafi.
Writings about Abu Basir
In recent centuries, some independent works have been written about the biography of Abu Basir, including the following:
- Tarjuma Abi Basir (biography of Abu Basir), written by Muhammad Mahdi Khwansari (d. 1246/1830) published together with al-Jawami' al-fiqhiyya in 1276/1859.
- Tarjuma Abi Basir wa tahqiq ahwalih by Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Shafti (d. 1260/1844) published together with his essays on rijal in 1314/1896.
- Tarjuma Abi Basir by Muhammad Hashim Khwansari (d. 1318/1900). It was published together with Majma' al-fawa'id in 1317/1899.
- Tarjuma Abi Basir wa Ishaq b. 'Ammar by Abu Turab Khwansari (d. 1346/1927).
- Al-Risala al-mubsira fi ahwal Abi Basir by Muhammad Taqi Shushtari. It was published as an appendix to the author's Qamus al-rijal.
- Asanid Abi Basir by Musa Shubayri Zanjani. Its manuscript is available in the library.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from ابوبصیر (ابهامزدایی) in Farsi WikiShia.