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Adam b. Ishaq

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Companion of Imam (a)
Adam b. Ishaq
قبرستان شیخان قم.jpg
Tomb of Adam b. Ishaq in Shaykhan Cemetery
Full Name Adam b. Ishaq b. Adam b. Abd Allah b. Sa'd al-Ash'ari al-Qummi
Companion of Imam al-Hadi (a)
Lineage Al-Ash'ari Family
Wellknown Relatives Ishaq b.Adam, Zakariyya b. Adam (his uncle),
Place(s) of Residence Qom
Burial Place Sheykhan cemetery
Students Ibrahim b. Hashim
Activities transmitter of hadith

Ādam b. Isḥāq b. Ādam b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Saʿd al-Ashʿari al-Qummī (Arabic: آدم بن اسحاق بن آدم بن عبدالله بن سعد الأشعري القمي) was among the transmitters of hadiths in third/ninth century. He was considered among the companions of Imam al-Hadi (a). Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi and Ibrahim b. Hashim transmitted hadiths from him. His grave is in Shaykhan cemetery in Qom.

Family and Lineage

Adam b. Ishaq was among famous personalities of Al-Ash'ari Family in Qom. His father Ishaq b. Adam was contemporary with Imam al-Rida (a) and transmitted hadiths from him. His grandfather, Adam b. 'Abd Allah was among the companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a). Also, his uncle, Zakariyya b. Adam was among the transmitters of hadiths and companions of Imam al-Rida (a) and Imam al-Jawad (a).

Position in Transmitting Hadiths

Adam b. Ishaq lived in second/eighth and third/ninth centuries in Qom. Undoubtedly, he was contemporary with Imams of Shi'a but available historical sources have not mentioned the names of them; while, it can be claimed that he was contemporary with Imam al-Rida (a), Imam al-Jawad and Imam al-Hadi (a), because his father, Ishaq b. Adam and his pupil, Ibrahim b. Hashim were among transmitters of hadiths and companions of Imam al-Rida (a). Also, another pupil of his, Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa was a companion of three of Imams (a), namely Imam al-Rida (a), Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a).

Shi'a scholars of rijal including al-Najashi, al-Shaykh al-Tusi and al-Allama al-Hilli mentioned Adam b. Ishaq a trustworthy person. Also, the Sunni scholar, Ibn Hajar Asqalani, the author of Lisan al-mizan mentioned him and quoted from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid al-Barqi that he introduced Adam b. Ishaq, a humble ascetic.

References