Al-ʿAbd al-Ṣāliḥ (Arabic: العَبْدُ الصّالِح, literally: the righteous servant) is a Quranic term used to refer to some persons. Shiite and Sunni sources have referred to Imam al-Kazim (a) as "al-'Abd al-Salih" because he worshiped God so much.
"Al-'Abd al-Salih" means the righteous servant of God. The term has been used in the Qur'an in the plural form (that is, "'ibadik al-salihin" Your righteous servants). The Qur'an has referred to prophets Noah (a) and Lot (a), as two righteous servants of God. There is a hadith in which Dhu l-Qarnayn is also characterized as "al-'Abd al-Salih".
According to Shiite and Sunni sources, Imam al-Kazim (a) was known as "al-'Abd al-Salih" because he worshiped God so much. He is referred to with this title in the chains of transmissions of some of his hadiths as well.
In the ziyarah text of 'Abbas b. 'Ali (a), which is transmitted from Imam al-Sadiq (a), 'Abbas (a) has been referred to as "al-'Abd al-Salih". Also, in the ziyarahs of Muslim b. 'Aqil and Hani b. 'Urwa, they are referred to as "al-'Abd al-Salih". Also, in the salam part of the prayer, peace is sent to righteous servants of God.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from عبد صالح in Farsi WikiShia.