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Al-'Atabat al-Muqaddasa

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Al-ʿAtabāt al-Muqaddasa (Arabic: العتبات المقدسه, literally: the Holy Doorsteps) are holy shrines of Shi'a Imams in Iraq including Najaf, Karbala, Kadhimiya, and Samarra. These cities are also called al-ʿAtabāt al-ʿAliyāt (Arabic: العتبات العالیات, literally: the Exalted Doorsteps). The importance of these cities is because of the six Imams (a) of Shi'a buried there. These cities are among major destinations of ziyarah and holy cities for Shi'a.

Najaf

Main article: Najaf

Najaf is the capital of Najaf Province, one of the holiest Shi'a cities and the center of Shi'a's political power in Iraq. The shrine of Imam 'Ali (a) is located in this city and Islamic Seminary of Najaf is one of the most important Shi'a seminaries. Kufa which is the site of several Shi'a shrines and mosques, is located ten kilometers away from the city and now is integrated in the city.

Karbala

Main article: Karbala

Karbala is the place of occurring the Event of 'Ashura and all the martyrs of the event are buried there. Most important shrines and graves of the city are the holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a) which is also known as al-Ha'ir al-Husayni, and the shrine of Abu l-Fadl al-'Abbas (a). The grave of 'Ali Akbar (a) and other Martyrs of Karbala are located in the shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a).

Kadhimiya

Main article: Kadhimiya

Kadhimiya is located at the bank of Tigris toward Baghdad. This city is the place where Imam al-Kazim (a) , the seventh Imam of Shi'a, and Imam al-Jawad (a) , the ninth Imam of Shi'a are buried.

Samarra, the al-'Askari shrine in the center.

Samarra

Main article: Samarra

Two other Imams of Shi'a are buried in Samarra: The tenth Imam of Shi'a, Imam al-Hadi (a) and the eleventh Imam of Shi'a, Imam al-'Askari (a).

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