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Al-Amali (by al-Tusi)

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This article is about the book written by Al-Shaykh al-Tusi. For other books named al-Amali, see Al-Amali (disambiguation).
Al-Amali (by al-Tusi)
Author Al-Shaykh al-Tusi
Original title الأمالي للشيخ الطوسي
Language Arabic
Subject Islamic ethics, theology, history
Genre Hadith

Al-ʾAmālī (Arabic: الأمالي) is an Arabic book written by al-Shaykh al-Tusi (d. 460/1067). It consists of hadiths dictated by al-Shaykh al-Tusi in Najaf to his students within some meetings. The first meeting of the book was held in 455/1063 and the last one was held in 458/1066. The ninteenth meeting and all the following meetings through the end of the book were held on Fridays. The exact dates are mentioned at the beginning of each meeting.

In bibliographical sources, over thirty books entitled "al-Amali " are mentioned. The best-known of these books are the ones written by al-Shaykh al-Saduq, al-Shaykh al-Mufid, al-Sayyid al-Murtada, and al-Shaykh al-Tusi.

Definition of "al-Amali"

Main article: al-Amali

"Al-Amali" refers to what teachers read in certain meetings or on certain occasions from memory or from their books to their students, which was written down by the students. It is also called "al-Majalis" (meetings) or "'Ard al-majalis" (presentations at meetings).[1] In bibliographical books, over 30 books entitled "al-Amali" are mentioned, including the ones by prominent scholars such as al-Shaykh al-Mufid, al-Shaykh al-Saduq, and al-Shaykh al-Tusi.

Date of Writing

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi's lectures began from 455/1063 and ended in Dhu l-Hijja 9, 458/November 7, 1066.[2]

Transmission and Number of Hadiths

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi's al-Amali was transmitted by his son, Abu 'Ali al-Tusi, which is why parts of the book were falsely attributed to Abu 'Ali. Indeed, the whole book was dictated by al-Shaykh al-Tusi to his students, including Abu 'Ali.

The book contains 1537 hadiths cited within 46 meetings. The hadiths have serial numbers, with the hadiths of each meeting having a successive number.

Method of Writing and Contents

The book, al-Amali, is not organized in terms of subject-matters. Thus, it is difficult to find hadiths regarding a specific topic in the book.

The bulk of the book is devoted to hadiths concerning proofs for the wilaya (guardianship) and virtues of Imam Ali (a).

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi carefully cited the chains of transmissions of hadiths. There are few hadiths in the book with defective chains of transmissions, such as mursal (without a complete chain of narrators) or maqtu'a (unknown narrator) hadiths. Thus, al-Shaykh al-Tusi's al-Amali contains hadiths selected by al-Shaykh al-Tusi from among thousands of hadiths at his disposal.

Al-Amali is considerable with respect to the variety of its topics; it contains hadiths regarding such various topics as the principles of the religion, knowledge of God, virtues of the Infallibles (a), the practice of the Prophet Muhammad (s), transmitted supplications, historical and political events, such as migration to Abyssinia, the martyrdom of Imam al-Husayn (a), and the Uprising of al-Mukhtar.

In addition to these topics, it also contains hadiths regarding various moral issues and manners, such as manners of eating and drinking as well as practices related to mosques.[3]

Sources

Al-Shaykh al-Tusi's al-Amali is remarkably dependent on its previous Amalis. Approximately one fourth of the book is a citation of al-Shaykh al-Mufid's al-Amali.[4] The teachers of al-Shaykh al-Tusi from whom he transmitted the hadiths in this book include:

Other meetings contain hadiths transmitted from one or more teachers. Hadiths transmitted from each teacher is cited separately from those of others.

Translation and Publication

The book has been translated into Persian. Its Arabic version is published by Dar al-Thaqafa Publications in Qom in one volume.

Notes

  1. Ṭūsī, al-Amālī, p. 21.
  2. Anṣārī Qummī, "Amālī-yi Shaykh Ṭūsī", p. 156.
  3. Anṣārī Qummī, "Amālī-yi Shaykh Ṭūsī", p. 159-161.
  4. Pākatchī, Naqd-i matn, p, 259.
  5. Ṭūsī, al-Amālī, p.24.

References

  • Anṣārī Qummī, Muḥammad riḍā. 1373 Sh. "Amālī-yi Shaykh Ṭūsī". Kiyhān-i Andīsha 56: (154-161).
  • Pākatchī, Aḥmad. Naqd-i matn. Tehran: Dānishgah-i Imām Ṣādiq, 1391 Sh.
  • Ṭūsī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Al-Amālī. Qom: Dār al-Thiqāfa, 1414 AH.