Al-Anwar al-bahira (book)
|Author||'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Qadir al-Talidi al-Hasani al-Maghribi|
|Original title||ألأنوارُ ألباهِرَة بِفَضائل أهل البَیت ألنّبوی وَ ألذُّریةِ ألطّاهرة|
|Subject||Virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (a)|
|Publisher||World Assembly of the Proximity of Islamic Sects|
Al-Anwār al-bāhira bi faḍāʾil Ahl al-Bayt al-Nabawī wa l-Dhurrīyya al-Ṭāhira (Arabic: ألأنوارُ ألباهِرَة بِفَضائل أهل البَیت ألنّبوی وَ ألذُّریةِ ألطّاهرة) is a book written by 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Qadir al-Talidi al-Hasani al-Maghribi, a Sunni scholar of the 14th century/20th century. The work is organized in four parts regarding Amir al-Mu'minin (a), Fatima al-Zahra (a), Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a). At the beginning of the book, there are hadiths concerning the general virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (a).
'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Qadir al-Talidi al-Hasani al-Maghribi is a contemporary Sunni scholar. He was born in 1345/1926 in Tangier, Morocco. He studied there with scholars such as Ahmad and 'Abd Allah al-Ghumari and Muhammad Baqir al-Katani. He is a follower of the Maliki school of fiqh (jurisprudence). Although he respects the household of Prophet (s), he is steadfast in his own beliefs and criticizes Shiite beliefs. He wrote books such as Tahdhib al-Tirmidhi, al-Jawahir al-masnu'a (an exegesis of the Qur'an), Fada'il al-Sahaba, al-Mubashshirat, and al-Anwar al-bahira.
The book consists of four parts:
- Part one is concerned with the virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (a) in general.
- Part two is concerned with the virtues of Imam Ali (a).
- Part three concerns the virtues of Fatima al-Zahra (a).
- Part four concerns the virtues of Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a).
The book does not mention chains of transmissions of hadiths. The author does not merely cite hadiths; he also comments on, and criticizes, them. For example, in his discussion of al-Tathir Verse, he cited different views and then expressed his own view. In many cases, he discussed and criticized Shiite beliefs. The editor of the book added footnotes to reply to his criticisms. The editor also identifies the sources of the book.
As the editor pointed out, the author cited Shiite beliefs from secondary sources and did not consult original Shiite sources to find about their beliefs. Thus he cited some beliefs alleged to Shi'as by their adversaries, though they are, in fact, not accepted by Shi'as themselves. However, the author is explicit to express his own opinions that do not fully agree with the main Sunni beliefs.
Significance and Publication
The book is written recently and so it is not much known. It was published by the World Assembly of the Proximity of Islamic Sects apparently because the author talked about the virtues of Ahl al-Bayt (a).
- The material for this article is mainly taken from الانوار الباهرة بفضائل اهل البیت النبوی و الذریة الطاهرة (کتاب) in Farsi WikiShia.