Al-Khara'ij wa l-jara'ih (book)
|Al-Khara'ij wa al-jara'ih|
|Author||Sa'id b. Hibat Allah al-Rawandi|
|Original title||الخَرائج و الجَرائح|
|Subject||Miracles of the Prophet (s) and Imams (a)|
|Publisher||Mu'assisa al-nur li l-matbu'at|
Al-Kharāʾij wa l-jarāʾiḥ (Arabic: الخَرائج و الجَرائح) is one of the lengthiest and the most comprehensive books concerning the miracles of the Prophet (s) and Imams (a), written by Sa'id b. Hibat Allah al-Rawandi (d. 573/1177) known as Qutb al-Din al-Rawandi.
- Main article: Sa'id b. Hibat Allah al-Rawandi
Sa'id b. Hibat Allah al-Rawandi (d. 573/1177), better known as al-Qutb al-Rawandi, was a Shi'a hadith scholar, exegete, theologian, jurisprudence, philosopher and historian of the 6th/12th century and a student of al-Shaykh al-Tabrisi, the author of Majma' al-bayan. He has authored numerous works, the most famous of which is al-Khara'ij wa al-jara'ih.
As the author's introduction suggests, the title of the book has no specific meaning. The words "kharaʾij" and "jaraʾiḥ" are cognates, respectively, of the words "kharj" (being issued or coming from) and "jarḥ" (to gain or to support), and so the title of the book is supposed to mean: "the miracles issued from the Prophet (s) and Imams (a) that support their claim of prophethood or Imamate". This can be elicited from what the author says in the introduction:
- "I named this book al-Khara'ij wa al-jara'ih, because the miracles issued from them verify their claim, that is, they gain the truth of what they claim."
- The book has illustrated a variety of miracles, without restricting itself to a particular type of it, such as epistemic or verbal miracles.
- In its citation of hadiths, it just quotes the relevant parts thereof, eliminating the parts irrelevant to miracles.
- It has added five interesting appendixes to the book.
As the author says in the introduction, the book is organized as follows:
- An introduction, in which the nature of miracles has been explicated, the motivation for writing the book has been mentioned, and the contents of the book have been outlined.
- The book has 15 chapters. Thirteen chapters are devoted to the miracles of the Prophet (s) and the Twelve Imams (a), one chapter argues for the prophethood of the Prophet (s) and the Imamate of Imams (a) on the basis of such miracles, and another chapter provides Qur'anic evidence for the Imamate of the Twelve Imams (a).
- Appendixes of book are as follows:
- Nawadir al-mu'jizat: an essay containing hadiths about miracles, without any theological or theoretical issues.
- Al-Muwazat bayn mu'jizat-i nabiyyina (s) wa awsiya'ih wa mu'jizat-i al-anbiya' al-mutaqaddimin (the parallel between the miracles of our Prophet (s) and his successors [Imams (a)], and early prophets (a))
- Umm al-mu'jizat: it is an essay in which different aspects of the miraculous character of the Qur'an have been discussed in detail, replying to various doubts and objections raised in this regard.
- The essay, al-Farq bayn al-hiyal wa al-mu'jizat (the difference between sleights of hand and miracles).
- The essay, 'Alamat wa maratib-i nabiyyina wa awsiya'ih (the signs and statuses of our Prophet and his successors).
- Towards the end of the book, there is a discussion of the signs of the reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi (a), distinguishing between signs before his reappearance and signs concurrent therewith.
Translations into Persian
- The book, al-Khara'ij wa al-jara'ih, has been translated into Farsi by Muhammad Sharif Khadim, under the title, Kifaya al-mu'minin fi mu'jizat al-a'ima al-ma'sumin. The translation still remains as a manuscript, and has not yet been published.
- Another translation of the book, under the title of Jilwaha-yi i'jaz-i ma'sumin (manifestations of the miracles of the Prophet (s) and Imams (a)) by Gholamhassan Muharrami, in collaboration with Mujtaba Tabari Farahani has been published in Qom, Daftar-i Intisharat-i Islami (The Office of Islamic Publications) in 1418/1997.
Prints and Publications
- In 1301/1883, the book has been published together with Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi's Kifayat al-athar and Arba'in. Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Muwahhid al-Abtahi has written an extensive introduction to the book, in which he has introduced the life and work of the author of al-Khara'ij wa al-jara'ih. This book has been edited by Abtahi himself; he has identified and added the sources of Qur'anic verses and hadiths appealed to in the book, and since the book is one of the sources cited in Bihar al-anwar, the text of the book has been compared with what is cited in Bihar. Moreover, the book contains explications for difficult words appearing in the book. Differences between manuscripts of the book have been mentioned in footnotes. Each volume of the book contains the contents of that volume, and the third (and the last) volume contains ten different tables of contents.
- Lithographical print of the book, with the handwriting of Ali b. Mu'min al-Taliqani, Dar al-Taba'a Na'ib Ibrahim, 1305/1887.
- It has also been published in three volumes in Arabic by Mu'assisa al-Imam al-Mahdi (a), Qom, 1409/1988.
- The material for writing this article has been mainly taken from الخرائج و الجرائح (کتاب in Farsi wikishia.