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Al-Lawami' al-ilahiyya (book)

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Al-Lawami' al-ilahiyya (book)
Author Al-Miqdad b. Abd Allah
Original title اللَوامعُ الالهیه فی المباحثِ الکلامیَه
Language Arabic
Subject Islamic theology
Published in 1380 Sh
Publisher Islamic Propagation Office of seminary of Qom

Al-Lawāmi' al-ilāhīyya fi l-mabāhith al-kalāmīyya (Arabic: اللَوامِعُ الإلهیّة فی المَباحِث الکَلامیّة) is a book concerning Islamic theology written by Al-Miqdad b. Abd Allah who is known as "al-Fadil al-Miqdad" and was a student of al-Shahid al-Awwal. The book consists of twelve sections in each of which Shiite beliefs are elaborated. It is said to cover most problems in Shiite theology, such as necessity and impossibility, the incipience of the world, and the like.

Aqa Buzurg al-Tihrani considers the book as one of the best Shiite works of theology with regard to its contents. He analogizes the book to Nasir al-Din al-Tusi's Tajrid al-i'tiqad. Al-Fadil al-Miqdad first wrote his book of theology, al-Lawami', and then his jurisprudential book, Naḍd al-qawa'id.

Author

Al-Miqdad b. 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad al-Hilli al-Suyuri (d. 826/1423), well-known as al-Fadil al-Miqdad, the Shi'a jurist and theologian, is the author of the book. He was born in the village of Suyur near Hillah, as a member of the tribe of Banu Asad. He was one of the most famous students of al-Shahid al-Awwal and has narrated hadith from him. 'Ali b. Hilal al-Jaza'iri, Ibn Qattan al-Hilli and Hasan b. Rashid al-Hilli are some of his students.

Introduction

Al-Lawami is a book of theology written by al-Miqdad b. Abd Allah known as al-Fadil al-Miqdad, a student of al-Shahid al-Awwal. Al-Fadil al-Miqdad first wrote his book of theology, al-Lawami, and then his jurisprudential book, Nadd al-qawa'id. Aqa Buzurg al-Tihrani takes the book to be one of the best Shiite works of theology and says that it is like al-Nasir al-Din al-Tusi's Tajrid al-i'tiqad.

According to al-Tihrani, the manuscript of the book, with al-Fadil al-Miqdad's own handwriting, was possessed by Sayyid Hibat al-Din Shahristani, and was available in Sayyid Hasan al-Sadr's library, and an exposition of the book was written by Sayyid Kazim al-Rashti. Some people take the book to be a comprehensive text covering most problems of theology and religious beliefs.

Sayyid Muhammad Baqir Khwansari, the author of al-Rawdat, says about the book that al-Lawami' is one of the best books concerning theology, with an exquisite structure and contents. He wonders why biographers failed to mention the book and its author.

Contents

Al-Lawami' consists of twelve sections. The first section is concerned with theoretical issues. The second section involves a division of what is "known". The third section discusses necessity and impossibility. The fourth is about the quiddity and related issues. The fifth is about a classification of contingent entities. The sixth concerns with the incipience of the world. The seventh is about the existence of the creator of the world and features of existence. The eighth discusses divine attributes. The ninth is about God's actions. The tenth is about prophethood. The eleventh concerns Imamate. And the last section discusses the Day of Judgment as well as divine punishment and reward.

See Also

References