Al-Ziyara al-Rajabiyya for Imam al-Husayn (a)
- This article is about a ziyara for Imam al-Husayn (a) in Rajab. For the ziyara for all Imams (a) during Rajab, see Al-Ziyara al-Rajabiyya.
Al-Zīyāra al-Rajabīyya for Imām al-Ḥusayn (Arabic: الزيارة الرجبية للإمام الحسين عليه السلام) is a ziyara of Imam al-Husayn (a) which is recited on Rajab 1 and Sha'ban 15. In this ziyara, peace is sent to Imam al-Husayn (a) and 87 people from his companions, some of whom are not among the Martyrs of Karbala.
Chains of the Transmission
The main source of the ziyara is Sayyid b. Tawus's book, Iqbal al-a'mal. He has cited the ziyara without mentioning any chains of transmitters. In his book, Bihar al-anwar, 'Allama Majlisi mentions books of al-Shaykh al-Mufid and Sayyid b. Tawus as sources of the ziyara, but he does not mention the title of al-Shaykh al-Mufid's book. Some people speculate that Sayyid b. Tawus might have written this ziyara on his own.
The ziyara is addressed to Imam al-Husayn (a) and his companions and it is recited on Rajab 1 and Sha'ban 15. After several greetings (salam) addressed to Imam al-Husayn (a), some tragedies in the Event of Ashura and prominent characteristics of the Imam (a) are mentioned, and then the ziyara ends with short greetings addressed to his companions. In this part, 12 martyrs of Banu Hashim in the event of Karbala are also greeted.
In one part of the ziyara, 75 people from Imam al-Husayn's (a) companions are mentioned and are individually greeted. Some people in this part are not among the Martyrs of Karbala, such as 'Uqba b. Sam'an. In the present version of the ziyara, Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi is mentioned twice. But in Bihar al-anwar's version, in one of these two cases Jurayr b. Ziyad al-Riyahi is mentioned instead.
At the end of the ziyara, companions of Imam al-Husayn (a) are characterized as "rabbaniyyun" (men of the Lord), God's elect, God's special servants, martyrs in the way of calling to the truth, loyal devoted companions, and prosperous people in the afterlife.
Comparison with Ziyarat al-Shuhada
There are some common as well as different names in the Ziyarat al-Shuhada which also contains the names of the Martyrs of Karbala (63 names). In his book, Ansar al-Husayn, Muhammad Mahdi Shams al-Din takes Ziyarat al-Shuhada to be more reliable than al-Ziyara al-Rajabiyya, criticizing the additional names of Imam al-Husayn's (a) companions in the latter.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from زیارت رجبیه امام حسین (ع) in Farsi Wikishia.