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Amina Baygum Majlisi

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Personal Information
Full Name Amina Baygum Majlisi
Well-Known As Amina Khatun
Religious Affiliation Twelver Shi'a
Well-Known Relatives Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi (father), Mulla Salih Mazandarani (husband), Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi (brother)
Residence Isfahan
Death 12th/18th century
Burial Place Takht-i Fulad, Isfahan
Scholarly Information
Professors Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi, al-'Allama al-Majlisi
Works Commentary on Ibn Malik's Alfiyya, Commentary on al-Suyuti's al-Shawahid, A collection of jurisprudential issues, A collection of poems

Āmina Baygum Majlisī (Persian: آمِنَه بَیْگُم مجلسي) or Āmina Khātūn (آمِنَه خاتون) was a female religious scholar in the Safavid period. She was the daughter of Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi, the sister of al-'Allama al-Majlisi, and the wife of Mulla Salih Mazandarani. Amina Baygum helped al-'Allama al-Majlisi in the collection of hadiths for Bihar al-anwar. Her work includes books such as a commentary on Ibn Malik's Alfiyya, a commentary on al-Suyuti's al-Shawahid, and a collection of jurisprudential issues.

Biography

Amina Baygum, or Amina Khatun, was the daughter of the first al-Majlisi and the sister of al-'Allama al-Majlisi. Authors take her to be renowned for her scholarship and vast knowledge.

'Abd Allah al-Afandi, the author of Riyad al-'ulama' wa hiyad al-fudala' who was almost contemporaneous with Amina Baygum, characterizes her as a pious and knowledgeable scholar.

The name of Amina Baygum's mother is not mentioned in sources. The only thing it is known about her is that she was the daughter of Sadr al-Din Muhammad al-Husayni al-'Ashuri al-Qummi.

The years of her birth and death are not mentioned in sources, but it is said that she died in the twelfth/eighteenth century.

Amina Baygum passed away in Isfahan and was buried in Takht-i Fulad cemetery. According to other scholars, she was buried elsewhere.

Husband and Children

Amina Khatun married Mulla Salih Mazandarani at her father's suggestion. Mulla Salih was a student of Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi. He wrote many books, including a commentary on al-Kafi. Amina Khatun and Mulla Salih had six sons all of whom became religious scholars. They also had one or two daughters.

Al-Wahid al-Bihbahani and Ayatollah Burujirdi were from the progeny of Amina Baygum and Mulla Salih Mazandarani.

Scholarly Position

Amina Khatun was a student of her father, Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi, and her brother, al-'Allama al-Majlisi.

It is said that she wrote some books, including:

  • A commentary on Ibn Malik's Alfiyya
  • A commentary on al-Suyuti's al-Shawahid
  • A collection of jurisprudential issues
  • A collection of poems.

Amina Khatun assisted her brother, al-'Allama al-Majlisi, in the collection of hadiths for some volumes of Bihar al-anwar. It is also said that her husband, Mulla Salih Mazandarani, consulted her when he tried to figure out some parts of al-'Allama al-Hilli's book, Qawa'id al-ahkam.

References