Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi
Diya' al-Din 'Iraqi
|Full Name||Diya' al-Din Ali b. Mulla Muhammad Iraqi|
|Well-Known As||Aqa Dia' Iraqi|
|Studied in||Isfahan, Najaf|
|Burial Place||The holy shrine of Imam Ali (a)|
|Professors||Sayyid Muhammad Fisharaki, Akhund Khurasani, Sayyid Muhammad Kazim Yazdi|
|Students||Sayyid Muhammad Taqi khwansari, Sayyid Abu al-Qasim Khoei, Sayyid 'Ali Kashani Yathribi etc.|
|Works||Al-Hashia 'ala Bay' al-Makasib ,Maqalat al-usul etc.|
Ḍīyaʾ al-Dīn ʿAlī b. Mulla Muḥammad ʿIrāqī (Arabic: ضیاءالدین علي ابن ملا محمد عراقي) (b.1278/1861 - d.1361/1942), famous as Aqa Diya 'Iraqi, great shi'a jurist and expert in Usul al-fiqh (principle of jurisprudence) in 14th century was born in Sultanabad, Arak, Iran.
His great scholarly endeavor made him recognized as an undisputed master in Usul al-fiqh and a renewer of this discipline. Sayyid Muhammad Taqi khwansari, Sayyid Abu al-Qasim Khoei, Sayyid 'Ali Kashani Yathribi and Sayyid Muhsin Hakim are few of his students.
He was born in Sultanabad (village) of Arak, Iran. His father was Akhund Mulla Muhammad Kabir 'Iraqi (Araki). He passed away on Dhu l-Qa'da 28, 1361/1942 in Najaf and was buried in the holy shrine of Imam Ali (a).
Education and professors
He was given elementary education by his father and some other teachers in his hometown. Seeking more Knowledge, he first immigrated to Isfahan and then to Najaf. There, he participated in courses of great scholars of Najaf:
- Aqa Sayyid Muhammad Fasharaki
- Haj Mirza Husayn Khalili
- Akhund Mulla Muhammad Kazim Khurasani
- Sayyid Muhammad Kazim Yazdi
- Shaykh al-Shari'a Isfahani
From early years of education, he was known for his talent and a genius and soon, he became famous for his comprehensive knowledge and profound theories and gained the attention and respect of his teachers. He was known as one of Akhund Khurasani's pupils and had a high position among teachers of Sath (Shi'a Seminary levels) .
His status as a professor
After the demise of Akhund Khurasani(1329/1911) Aqa Diya' started his Kharij classes and became an undisputed master and a renewer of Usul al-fiqh (principle of jurisprudence). Many of Akhund Khurasani's students attended Aqa Diya's classes. Soon afterwards, he became a Marja'.
He was famous for his patience and his classes were widely popular, not only because of his comprehensive and profound knowledge but also because of the atmosphere in which students could freely express their ideas, especially in comparison to the classes of his great contemporary ulema who would give less chance to their students for giving different ideas in the class.
Aqa Diya' was a patient and welcoming teacher for over 30 years and naturally gained a great popularity and hundreds of students benefited his classes and reached the level of Ijtihad. Following are some of his famous students:
- Sayyid Muhammad Taqi Khwansari
- Sayyid 'Abd al-Hadi Shirazi
- Mirza Hasan Bujnurdi
- Sayyid Abu al-Qasim Khoei
- Sayyid Ali Kashani Yathribi
- Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim
- Abd al-Nabi 'Iraqi
- Muhammad Taqi 'Amuli
- Muhammad Taqi Bujnurdi
- Ali Muhammad Burujirdi
- Mirza Hashim Amuli
- Sayyid Yahya Yazdi
- Sayyid Ahmad Khwansari
Aqa Diya' wrote several works in Arabic, most of which are commentaries on different fields of Shi'a jurisprudence. Some of his important works are as follows:
- Al-Hashia 'ala Bay' al-Makasib (comments on the chapter of Bay' which is about the jurisprudential rules of business)
- Maqalat al-usul (treatises on Usul al-fiqh)
- al-Hashia 'ala al-'urwat al-Wuthqa
The material for this article is mainly taken from آقا ضیاء عراقی in Farsi Wikishia.