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Ayatollah Burujirdi Seminary (Qom)

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This article is about Ayatollah Burujirdi Seminary in Qom. For other Seminaries named Ayatollah Burujirdi, see Ayatollah Burujirdi Seminary (disambiguation).
Ayatollah Burujirdi Seminary in Qom

Ayatollah Burujirdi Seminary (Persian: مدرسه علمیه آیت‌الله بُروجردی, founded in 1123/1711), known as Khān Seminary (Persian: مدرسه خان) is an old seminary school in Qom, located on the eastern side of the Shrine of Fatima al-Ma'suma (a), adjacent to a market known as Gozar Khan. The school was built in the Safavid period, and since it was reconstructed at the command of Ayatollah Burujirdi, it came to be known after him.

History

The school was founded in 1123 in the Safavid period by a person called Mahdi Quli Khan.[1] Located near the Shrine of Fatima al-Ma'suma (a), the school originally contained four chambers in one floor, which was ruined as time went by.

Reconstruction and Library

Interior View

During the marja'iyya of Ayatollah Burujirdi, the school was reconstructed in three floors and numerous chambers. The construction began in Rajab 1378/January 1959 and ended in Shawwal 1379/April 1960.

At the command of Ayatollah Burujirdi, an independent library was built for students of the school as well as other schools. During his lifetime, many books were purchased for the library.

Supervision

During the lifetime of Ayatollah Burujirdi, affairs of the school were administered by Mujtaba 'Iraqi. After Ayatollah Burujirdi’s death, it was supervised by his son, Sayyid Muhammad Hasan Tabataba'i, and then his son, Sayyid Muhammad Sadiq Tabataba'i. And after his death, the school was supervised by Ayatollah 'Alawi Tabataba'i Burujirdi, the son of Ayatollah Burujirdi’s daughter.

Uses

The school is endowed to seminary students, and until 1385, it mostly served as a dormitory. When Ayatollah 'Alawi Tabataba'i Burujirdi overtook its supervision, he changed it to an educational center. At his command, changes were made in the structure of the school, such as a ceiling for the school’s yard, transformation of the school’s chambers into classrooms. The complex has thirty four classrooms now, and is a place for seminary lectures and discussions. Jurisprudence, principles of jurisprudence, Quranic exegesis, philosophy, and theology are taught at the school.

Notes

  1. Mahdi Quli Khan was the son of 'Ali Quli Khab the son of Qarachqay Khan. He was a supervisor of the Shrine of Fatima al-Ma'suma during the period of Shah Sultan Husayn or Suleiman. He was a poet, man of letter, and a scholar, and his penname was Safa. He is said to have two works: Diwan Safa Qummi (his collection of poems) and Sama' al-asma' which is an Arabic to Persian dictionary. Khan Seminary School was built by him in 1123. His grave is located adjacent to the chamber on the hallway of the school, which was then annexed to the sidewalk after the construction of Eram Street.

See Also

References