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Battle of Banu l-Mustaliq

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Battle of Banu l-Mustaliq
Date 5/627 or 6/628
Location Fur' region
Result Victorious of Muslims
Belligerents
Muslims Jews of Banu l-Mustaliq
Commanders
The Prophet (s) Harith b. Bani Dirar

Battle of Banū Muṣṭaliq (Arabic: غَزوَه بَنی‌مُصْطَلِق) or Muraysīʿ (Arabic: مُرَیسیع) was among the Prophet's (s) battles with one of the Jewish tribes in Fur' region on the way between Medina and Mecca in 5/627 or 6/628. Banu Mustaliq was a Jewish tribe who lived near Mecca and after emergence of Islam, fought with Muslims the same way as polytheists of Mecca. In a battle later called Battle of Banu Mustaliq, Muslims defeated them.

Of important points of this battle was division making of some hypocrites and thus after this battle Sura al-Munafiqun was revealed to the Prophet (s).

Banu Mustaliq Tribe

The lineage of this tribe reaches Jadhima, son of Sa'd b. 'Amr b. Rabi'a. Ibn Durayd regarded the cause of naming Jadhima as Mustaliq due to his beautiful and great voice derived from "Sa-la-qa" meaning "power of voice". This tribe lived near waters of Muraysi' in Qudayd region and since they were allied with Banu Harith and Hown, they became famous as "Ahabish" [Note 1] .

Cause of the Occurrence of War

Battle of Banu Mustaliq or Battle of Muraysi' occurred in Sha'ban of 5 or 6 AH (627-628). The noble Prophet (s) was informed that Harith b. Abi Dirar, the chief of Banu Mustaliq had gathered his tribe and some groups from Arab tribes and had prepared for fighting with Muslims. Then, after the Prophet (s) ratified the truth of the news, moved Muslims' army toward them. Due to being close to the battlefield and to earn booties, a group of hypocrites joined the army of the Prophet (s). Killing of a spy from Banu Mustaliq by the order of the Prophet (s) in Baq'a' near Medina frightened the infidels and scattered some of them. The Prophet (s) prepared for the war near the water of Muraysi'. In this battle, the standard-bearer of the Helpers was Sa'd b. 'Ubada and the standard-bearer of the Immigrants was Abu Bakr or 'Ammar Yasir.

End of the War

As soon as the battle began by the order of the Prophet (s), Banu Mustaliq escaped. Some of them were killed and their women, children and properties were left for the army of Islam. After the war finished, the Prophet (s) ordered that Muslim soldiers treat the captives with mercy and lenience. Juwayriyya daughter of Harith b. Abi Dirar who was among the captives became the share of Thabit b. Qays or his cousin from the booties. Juwayriyya asked the Prophet (s) for her freedom. The Prophet (s) paid Sahm Mukatiba (the equal payment for freeing a slave) and married her. After this marriage, Muslims freed the captives of Banu Mustaliq.

Revelation of Chapter Munafiqun

The story of hypocrites happened after this battle. In this event, 'Abd Allah b. Ubayy made divisions between the Immigrants and the Helpers and made the Prophet (s) angry. However, he was later forgiven because of his apparent rejection of his words. The chapter of Munafiqun was revealed to the Prophet (s) regarding this happening. The news of Ifk also happened on return from this trip.

See Also

Notes

  1. Banu Mustaliq was considered among those tribes which were gathered together beside Mount Hubshiyy near Mecca, and covenanted with Quraysh that be united against others, as long as Mount Hubshiyy is; so, they were called Ahabish, after the name of the Mount

References