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Burayd b. Mu'awiya al-'Ijli

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Companion of Imam (a)
Burayd b. Mu'awiya al-'Ijli
Companion of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a)
Kunya Abu l-Qasim
Place(s) of Residence Medina
Death/Martyrdom Before 148/765-6
Activities Faqih, One of People of Consensus

Burayd b. Muʿāwiya al-ʿIjlī (Arabic: برید بن معاویة العجلی), is one of the Shi'a faqihs of the first half of 2nd/8th century, and one of the companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a).

Life

People of Consensus

Comapnions of Imam al-Baqir (a)
Zurara b. A'yan
Ma'ruf b. Kharrabudh
Burayd b. Mu'awiya
Abu Basir
al-Fudayl b. Yasar
Muhammad b. Muslim


Companions of Imam al-Sadiq (a)
Jamil b. Darraj
'Abd Allah b. Muskan
'Abd Allah b. Bukayr
Hammad b. 'Uthman
Hammad b. 'Isa
Aban b. 'Uthman


Companions of Imam al-Kazim (a) and Imam al-Rida (a)
Yunus b. 'Abd al-Rahman
Safwan b. Yahya
Muhammad b. Abi 'Umayr
'Abd Allah b. al-Mughira
al-Hasan b. Mahbub
Ahmad b. Abi Nasr al-Bazanti

His name, as recorded by Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, was Hatam and his epithet was Abu l-Qasim.[1] His date of birth is not known.

Position

He was one of the outstanding and trustworthy companions of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a);[2] according to al-Kashshi (famous scholar of 'ilm al-rijal) Burayd was among the six most famous Shi'a jurists of his time who contributed widely to spread Shi'a teachings. These six jurists are called Afqah al-Awwalin (the early jurists).[3] These jurists are the first generation of Ashab al-Ijma' (People of Consensus).

Ibn al-Ghada'iri had seen Burayd's book, narrated by 'Ali b. 'Uqba.[4] Burayd narrated hadith from Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) directly; he also occasionally narrates hadith from the two Imams indirectly through Muhammad b. Muslim.[5]

In The View of Imams (a)

Some narrations have been quoted from Imam al-Sadiq (a) and Imam al-Kazim (a) admiring Burayd and some of other companions; in these narrations, these companions are admired as "the revivers of prophetic narrations, guardians of religion, God's guardians of His law,[6] the most beloved companions to Imam al-Sadiq (a), the apostles of Imam al-Baqir (a) and Imam al-Sadiq (a) who received the promise of entrance to paradise.[7]

Al-Kashshi mentioned three narrations reproaching Burayd by Imams which have been rejected by later hadith scholars, firstly, because of unauthorized persons in the chain of narrators of those narrations, and secondly, because there are signs of taqqiyya (dissimulation) in these narrations.[8]

Demise

Al-Najashi reported Burayd's demise at the time of Imam al-Sadiq (a) (before 148/765);[9] but some other scholars recorded his demise in 150/767.[10]

Notes

  1. Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, Lisan al-mizan, vol. 2, p. 10.
  2. Al-Shaykh al-Tusi, Rijal al-Tusi, pp. 128 and 171.
  3. Al-Kashshi, Ikhtiar ma'rifa al-rijal, p. 233; Nuri, Mustadrak al-wasa'il, vol. 3, p. 757.
  4. Al-Khoei, Mu'jam rijal al-hadith, vol. 3, p. 285.
  5. Al-Khoei, Mu'jam rijal al-hadith, vol. 3, p. 290.
  6. Al-Kashshi, Ikhtiar ma'rifa al-rijal, p. 137.
  7. Al-'Allamah al-Hilli, Rijal al-'Allamah al-Hilli, pp. 26-27; Amin, A'yan al-shi'a, vol. 3, p. 558.
  8. Mamiqani, Tanqih al-maqal, vol. 1, p. 166; Al-Khoei, Mu'jam rijal al-hadith, vol. 3, p. 288; Al-Amin, A'yan al-Shi'a, vol. 3, p. 559.
  9. Al-Tustari, Muhammad Taqi, Qamus al-rijal, vol. 2, p. 281.
  10. Al-Tustari, Muhammad Taqi, Qamus al-rijal, vol. 2, p. 282; Al-Najashi, Fihrist, p. 112; Al-'Allamah al-Hilli, Rijal al-'Allamah al-Hilli, p. 27.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from برید بن معاویه عجلی in Farsi Wikishia.
  • Al-Hilli. Rijal al-'Allamah al-Hilli. Najaf, Muhammad Sadiq Bahr al-'Ulum, 1381AH.
  • Kashshi, Muhammad b. 'Umar al-. Ikhtiar ma'rifa al-rijal. Mashhad, Hasan Mustafawi, 1348Sh.
  • Najashi, Ahmad b. 'Ali al-. Fihrist asma' musanifi l-Shi'a al-mushtahar bi-rijal al-Najashi. Qom, Musa Shubairi Zanjani, 1407AH.
  • Al-Tusi. Rijal al-Tusi. Najaf, 1380AH.
  • Amin, Muhsin al-. A'yan al-Shi'a. Beirut, 1403AH.
  • 'Asqalani, Ibn Hajar al-. Lisan al-mizan. Beirut, 1390AH.
  • Khoei, Abu l-Qasim al-. Mu'jam rijal al-hadith. Beirut, 1403AH.
  • Mamiqani, Abd Allah. Tanqih al-maqal fi 'ilm al-rijal. Najaf, 1352AH.
  • Nuri, Husayn. Mustadrak al-wasa'il. Tehran, Muhammad Rida Nuri Najafi, 1321Sh.
  • Tustari, Muhammad Taqi al-. Qamus al-rijal. Qom, 1410AH.