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Dawma bt. 'Amr

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Dawma bt. 'Amr
Mother of al-Mukhtar
Full Name Dawma bt. 'Amr b. Wahb
Epithet Dawmat al-Husna'
Religious Affiliation Shi'a
Well-known Relatives Al-Mukhtar b. Abu 'Ubayd al-Thaqafi, Abu 'Ubayd al-Thaqafi
Era Early Islam
Known for Mother of al-Mukhtar
Activities Companionship with al-Mukhtar

Dawma bt. ʿAmr b. Wahb (Arabic: دومَة بنت عَمْرو بن وَهب) -the mother of al-Mukhtar b. Abu 'Ubayd al-Thaqafi- was a Shi'a woman, who upraised along with her son for avenging Imam al-Husayn (a).

Lineage and Marriage

Dawma was daughter of 'Amr b. Wahb b. Mut'ab b. Wahb b. Ka'b al-Thaqafi.[1] Some said that her father's name was Wahb b. Mut'ab;[2] but it seems that they mistakenly dropped 'Amr" from her full name.[3]

Dawma married Abu 'Ubayd al-Thaqafi.[4] According to some historical accounts, Abu 'Ubayd -al-Mukhtar's father- was very fastidious about his future wife and rejected many women, until someone told him in his dream to marry "Dawmat al-Hasna'" (Dawma the beautiful.)[5]

Children

She had five sons:

Dream

Dawma says: "One night during my pregnancy with al-Mukhtar I dreamed of someone reciting this poem to me:

Be informed of a son who is like a lion more than anything. When men are fighting very hard on worthless things, he'll have the most valuable portion."[8]

She also had a dream after his birth, in which she was told that her son will have many followers.[9]

Companionship with al-Mukhtar

In the book Balaghat al-nisa', Ibn Tayfur narrated that she was an eloquent rhetorician. When al-Mukhtar and his companions were under siege by the army of Mus'ab b. Zubayr, she stood by her son, although someone suggested surviving her from the siege.[10]

See Also

Notes

  1. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 6, p. 375; Ibn al-Jawzī, al-Muntaẓam, vol. 6, p. 67.
  2. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 6, p. 439.
  3. Thaqafī al-Kūfī, al-Ghārāt, vol. 2, p. 517.
  4. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 6, p. 375; Ibn al-Jawzī, al-Muntaẓam, vol. 6, p. 67; Thaqafī al-Kūfī, al-Ghārāt, vol. 2, p. 517.
  5. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 6, p. 375.
  6. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 6, p. 375; Ibn al-Jawzī, al-Muntaẓam, vol. 6, p. 67; Thaqafī al-Kūfī, al-Ghārāt, vol. 2, p. 517.
  7. Ibn Namā al-Ḥillī, Dhawb al-nuḍār, p. 60.
  8. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 6, p. 375; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 350.
  9. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 6, p. 375; Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 350.
  10. Ibn Ṭayfūr, Balāghāt al-nisāʾ, p. 157; Maḥallātī, Rayāḥīn al-sharīʿa, vol. 4, p. 245.

References

  • Balādhurī, Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-. Jumal min ansāb al-ashrāf. Edited by Suhayl Zakār & Riyāḍ al-Ziriklī. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1417 AH.
  • Ibn al-Jawzī, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. ʿAlī. Al-Muntaẓam fī tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Edited by Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Qādir ʿAṭāʾ & *Muṣṭafā ʿAbd al-Qādir ʿAṭāʾ. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1412 AH.
  • Ibn Namā al-Ḥillī, Jaʿfar b. Muḥammad. Dhawb al-nuḍār. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Nashr al-Islāmī, 1416 AH.
  • Ibn Ṭayfūr, Aḥmad b. Abī Ṭāhir. Balāghāt al-nisāʾ. Edited by Yūsuf Baqāʿī. Beirut: Dār al-aḍwāʾ, 1420 AH.
  • Maḥallātī, Dhabīḥ Allāh. Rayāḥīn al-sharīʿa. Fifth edition. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1368 Sh.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Second edition. Beirut: Dār al-Wafāʾ, 1403 AH.
  • Thaqafī al-Kūfī, Ibrāhīm b. Muḥammad al-. al-Ghārāt. Edited by Ḥusaynī Irmawī. Tehran: Injuman-i Āthār-i ʿIlmī, 1353 Sh.