Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Hilli

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Personal Information
Full Name Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Hilli
Well-Known As Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin
Well-Known Relatives al-'Allama al-Hilli (father)
Birth 682/1283-84
Residence Hillah
Studied in Seminary of Hilla
Death 771/1369-70
Scholarly Information
Professors Al-'Allama al-Hilli
Students Al-Shahid al-Awwal • Sayyid Haydar al-Amuli
Works Idah al-fawa'id • commentary on Nahj al-mustarshidin • annotation on Idah al-adhhan

Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-Ḥillī (Arabic: محمد بن الحسن الحلّي), also known as Fakhr al-Muḥaqqiqīn (Arabic: فخر المحققین), one of the prominent jurists of the 8th/13th century. He was the son of al-'Allama al-Hilli. He achieved the level of ijtihad when he was a teenager. Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin has several works in fiqh, Usul al-Fiqh, and theology, many of which are supplements to his father’s works. His most important work is Idah al-fawa'id fi sharh mushkilat al-qawa'id, which has been referred to by later jurists.

Life and Education

Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin was born in Jumada I 20, 682 (August 23, 1283) in Hilla, Iraq. He started his religious education in his childhood under his father, who seems to be his only teacher in this period. According to what Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin himself writes in his gloss on the book al-Alfayn, he had no choice but to leave his home-town and travel, together with his father, to Azerbaijan, Iran. They returned to Hillah after some time.

Works

Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin had several works in different Islamic disciplines, many of which are supplements to, or commentaries on, his father’s works. His works are as follows:

Students

Some of the prominent students of Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin are the following:

  1. Al-Shahid al-Awwal
  2. Sayyid Badr al-Din al-Madani
  3. Ibn Mutawwaj al-Bahrani
  4. Sayyid Haydar al-Amuli
  5. Sayyid Taj al-Din b. Mu'ayya
  6. Zahir al-Din, son of Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin.

Demise

He passed away in 771/1369-1370 when he was 89, but his burial place is not exactly known. In his al-Fawa'id al-Radawiyya, al-Shaykh 'Abbas al-Qummi maintains, based on what Muhammad Taqi al-Majlisi mentions in his Lawami' sahibqarani, that Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin passed away in Hillah, but his body was taken to Najaf and most likely buried beside his father.

References