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Ghusala

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Ghusāla (Arabic: غُسالَة) is water with which a najis (unclean) object is washed. Shia jurists have discussed ghusala and its rulings under the section of tahara (cleanliness). They disagree over whether ghusala is clean (najis) or unclean. Most of faqihs believe that ghusala is unclean.

Definition

Ghusala is water with which something is washed. In jurisprudential terminology, it is water with which an unclean object[1], such as clothes or the body, is washed.[2] Shi'a jurists have discussed ghusala under the rulings of cleanliness.[3]

Jurisprudential Ruling

According to all jurists, the ghusala of the kathir water is clean. What is controversial is the ghusala of qalil water. Here are some views in this regard:

Related Rulings

  • Ghusala of istinja', that is, water used to wash the parts of body from which urine and feces come out, is clean.[9]
  • If the color, smell, or taste of the water has changed, then the ghusala is unclean.[10]
  • Cleanliness or uncleanliness of the ghusala is based on the amount in which qalil water becomes unclean after touching an unclean object.[11]
  • Some Shia jurists hold that even if ghusala is clean, it is not permissible to perform wudu' or ghusl with it. There is also a disagreement over whether it is permissible to remove uncleanliness with it.[12]

Notes

  1. Ṭurayḥī, Majmaʿ al-baḥrayn, vol. 5, p. 434.
  2. Shahīd al-Thānī, al-Rawḍa al-bahīyya, vol. 1, p. 310.
  3. Anṣārī, Kitāb al-ṭahāra, vol. 1, p. 344; Khoei, Fiqh al-Shīʿa, vol. 2, p. 167.
  4. Ḥillī, Muntahā l-maṭlab, vol. 1, p. 141.
  5. Ḥakīm, Mustamsak al-ʿUrwa, vol. 1, p. 229.
  6. Karakī, Jāmiʿ al-maqāṣid, vol. 1, p. 128.
  7. Najafī, Jawāhir al-kalām, vol. 1, p. 348,
  8. Yazdī, al-ʿUrwa al-wuthqā, vol. 1, p. 47.
  9. Anṣārī, Kitāb al-ṭahāra, vol. 1, p. 344; Karakī, Jāmiʿ al-maqāṣid, vol. 1, p. 129.
  10. Ḥillī, Muntahā l-maṭlab, vol. 1, p. 141.
  11. Ḥakīm, Mustamsak al-ʿUrwa, vol. 1, p. 228.
  12. Anṣārī, Kitāb al-ṭahāra, vol. 1, p. 342.

References

  • Anṣārī, Murtaḍā al-. Kitāb al-ṭahāra. Qom: Kungira-yi Buzurgdāsht-i Shaykh Anṣārī, 1415 AH.
  • Ḥakīm, Sayyid Muḥsin al-. Mustamsak al-ʿUrwa. Qom: Muʾassisat Dār al-Tafsīr, 1416 AH.
  • Ḥillī, Ḥasan b. Yūsuf al-. Muntahā l-maṭlab fī taḥqīq al-madhhab. Mashhad: Majmaʿ al-Buḥūth al-Islāmīyya, 1412 AH.
  • Karakī, ʿAlī b. al-Ḥusayn al-. Jāmiʿ al-maqāṣid fī sharḥ al-Qawāʿid. Qom: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt, 1414 AH.
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abū l-Qāsim al-. Fiqh al-Shīʿa. Edited by Muḥammad Mahdī Mūsawī. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Āfaq, 1418 AH.
  • Najafī, Muḥammad Ḥasan al-. Jawāhir al-kalām. Edited by ʿAbbās Qūchānī & ʿAlī Ākhūndī. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1404 AH.
  • Shahīd al-Thānī, Zayn al-Dīn b. ʿAlī al-. al-Rawḍa al-bahīyya. Edited by Kalāntar. Qom: Dāwarī, 1410 AH.
  • Ṭurayḥī, Fakhr al-Dīn al-. Majmaʿ al-baḥrayn. Edited by Sayyid Aḥmad Ḥusaynī. Tehran: Kitābfurūshī-yi Mūsawī, 1416 AH.
  • Yazdī, Sayyid Miḥammad kāẓim al-. Al-ʿUrwa al-wuthqā. Edited by Sabziwārī. Qom: Daftar-i Nashr-i Islāmī, 1419 AH.