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Al-Hajjaj b. Masruq al-Ju'fi

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Companion of Imam (a)
Al-Hajjaj b. Masruq al-Ju'fi
Companion of Imam Ali (a), Imam al-Husayn (a)
Place(s) of Residence Kufa
Death/Martyrdom 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Battle of Karbala
Burial Place The Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a)
Activities Muadhdhin of the caravan of Imam al-Husayn (a)

Al-Ḥajjāj b. Masrūq al-Madhḥijī al-Juʿfī (Arabic: الحَجّاج بن مَسروق المذحجي الجُعفي) was a companion of Imam Ali (a) and one of the martyrs of Karbala. When Imam al-Husayn (a) was moving from Medina to Mecca, he moved from Kufa to Mecca to join the caravan of the Imam (a). According to some sources, he was the mu'adhdhin of the caravan on the way from Mecca to Karbala. In the Qasr Bani Muqatil station, the Imam (a) sent him to the tent of 'Ubayd Allah b. al-Hurr al-Ju'fi to call him to help the Imam (a).

Name and Lineage

Al-Hajjaj b. Masruq al-Ju'fi was from the Madhhaij tribe. Al-Shaykh al-Mufid referred to him as al-Hajjaj b. Masrur.

Event of Karbala

He was a Shi'a from Kufa and a companion of Imam 'Ali (a). When Imam al-Husayn (a) moved from Medina to Mecca, he moved from Kufa to Mecca and joined the caravan of the Imam (a).

In the Dhu Husam station where the caravan of Imam al-Husayn (a) encountered the army of Kufa under the commandership of al-Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi, the Imam (a) ordered al-Hajjaj b. Masruq to recite adhan (call for prayers) at noon.

When the caravan arrived in the Qasr b. Bani Muqatil station, Imam al-Husayn (a) saw a tent. He asked about the owner of the tent, and he was told that it belonged to 'Ubayd Allah b. al-Hurr al-Ju'fi. The Imam (a) sent al-Hajjaj b. Masruq to him to call him to help the Imam (a), but he rejected the call.

Martyrdom

On the day of Ashura, al-Hajjaj asked for the Imam’s (a) permission to go to the battlefield. After a while he returned to the Imam (a) with a bloodstained body, and recited the following poem: "may my life be sacrificed for you—the guiding and the guided. I will meet your grandfather, the Prophet (s), today. And then I will meet your father, 'Ali (a); the great man who I know as the successor of the Prophet (s)."

Imam al-Husayn (a) told him: "Yes. And I will meet them after you." Al-Hajjaj returned to the battlefield then, and fought until he was martyred.

Al-Hajjaj is mentioned in Ziyara al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa and al-Ziyara al-Rajabiyya,: "peace be upon al-Hajjaj b. Masruq al-Ju'fi" (السَّلَامُ عَلَی الْحَجَّاجِ بْنِ مَسْرُوقِ الْجُعْفی).

References