Hakim b. al-Tufayl al-Ta'i
|Hakim b. al-Tufayl al-Ta'i|
Murderer of al-Abbas b. 'Ali
|Full Name||Hakim b. al-Tufayl al-Ta'i al-Sinbisi|
|Killed by al-Mukhtar|
|Activities||Throwing an arrow toward Imam al-Husayn (a) and trampled over the body of Imam by horse in the Battle of Karbala|
Ḥakīm b. Ṭufayl al-Ṭāʾī al-Sinbisī (Arabic: حَکیم بن طُفَیل الطائی السِّنبِسي) (d. 66/685) was among the soldiers of 'Umar b. Sa'd on the Day of 'Ashura. He was among the murderers of al-Abbas (a) in the Event of Karbala. On the Day of 'Ashura, he shot an arrow toward Imam al-Husayn (a) and was also among those who trampled with their horses over the body of Imam (a). After the Uprising of al-Mukhtar, he was captured by al-Mukhtar's army and was killed.
Life and Lineage
Hakim b. Tufayl was from Tay tribe which was the tribe of Adi b. Hatam. There is no information about the date of his birth and about his life. He was killed in 66/686 in the uprising of al-Mukhtar.
In the Event of 'Ashura
Hakim b. Tufayl was in the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd on the day of 'Ashura. When al-Abbas (a) was coming back from the Euphrates river, Hakim hid behind the palm trees, then suddenly came out and cut the left hand of al-Abbas (a). Al-Shaykh al-Tusi and al-'Allama al-Hilli have introduced him as the murderer of al-Abbas b. Ali (a). In the Ziyarah al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa, he and Yazid b. Ruqad have been cursed as the murderers of al-Abbas (a). After the martyrdom of al-Abbas (a), he stole his weapon and clothes.
On the day of 'Ashura, he shot an arrow toward Imam al-Husayn (a). He later claimed that the arrow only hit the clothes of Imam (a) and did not hurt him.
He was among the ten horsemen who trampled over the body of Imam al-Husayn (a) in the evening of Ashura by the order of 'Umar b. Sa'd and broke the bones of his chest and his back. He and others who had trampled over the body of Imam (a) went to Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad and received an insignificant reward. It is quoted from Abu Amr that all those ten people were children of adultery.
In 66/686, Abd Allah b. Kamil and his companions captured Hakim b. Tufayl by the order of al-Mukhtar. His family asked Adi b. Hatam to intercede for him to al-Mukhtar. Fearing that al-Mukhtar would accept the intercession of Adi b. Hatam, Abd Allah b. Kamil and his companions first took off his clothes because of steeling the clothes of al-Abbas (a) and then for the arrow he shot at Imam al-Husayn (a), shot him with so many arrows that there remained not even an area as big as a coin of his body empty of arrows. It is reported that for the many arrows he received, his body became like a hedgehog.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from حکیم بن طفیل طایی in Farsi WikiShia.