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Hakima bt. Imam al-Kazim (a)

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Descendant of Imam
Hakima bt. Imam al-Kazim (a)
حکیمه دختر امام کاظم.jpg
Attributed tomb to her in Gachsaran
Role Hadith transmitter of Imam al-Rida (a)
Father Imam al-Kazim (a)
Place of Burial Gachsaran

Ḥakīma (Arabic:حکيمة), the daughter of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a), was a prominent Shi'ite women in the second/eighth and the third/ninth centuries and she was present at the birth of Imam al-Jawad (a).

Life

Hakima bt. Musa al-Kazim (a) was the sister of Imam al-Rida (a).[1] There are only little information about her life in historical sources. Even her birth date and her death date are not stated in sources. However as she was present in the birth of Imam al-Jawad (a), it can be said that she witnessed and lived during the Imamate of three Shi'ite Imams. According to al-Bahrani, she had a long lifetime, but there are not any information on her marital status.[2] Her name is stated in al-Kafi, according to which Hakima became ill for a year, because she had witnessed a Jin called 'Amir.

Scientific Status

Hakima has narrated hadiths from his brother Imam al-Rida (a). Considering the hadiths she has narrated from his brother, and conceivably he had revealed his secrets to his sister.[3] Al-Bahrani said about Hakima, "Lady Hakima was a prominent scholar and devoted worshiper, she lived long but history has only little information about her life. Hakima Khatun was an influential, wise and sensible woman who was revered by Imams (a), Sayyids and people."[4]

Scholars of hadith and history have regarded Hakima bt. Musa (a) as a knowledgeable, worshiper and scientifically reliable woman.[5]

Rijal experts including al-Barqi have regarded Hakima among the narrators of Imam al-Rida (a).[6] Her name is stated in other rijal sources, including Mu'jam rijal al-hadith by al-Khoei.[7] Mamaqani stated in his book Tanqih al-maqal that Hakima was present at the birth of Imam al-Jawad (a) and she narrated the event.[8] She has also mentioned theurgys (supernatural acts) of Imam al-Jawad (a) at the time of his childhood.[9]

Narrations from Hakima Khatun are stated in al-Kafi,[10] Bihar al-anwar[11] and Ithbat al-huda.[12]

Burial Place

There is a burial place eighty km from Gachsaran in Iran which is attributed to Hakima bt. Musa (a).[13]

'Allama al-Majlisi has also mentioned a burial place attributed to Hakima Khatun in Bihar al-anwar and said, "There is a burial place in mountain on the way to Behbahan attributed to Hakima bt. Musa (a) which is visited by Shi'ite Muslims frequently."[14]

People believed the mountain has opened up for Hakima Khatun and she entered into it. It is also narrated from her, "Where are my family?, where are my relatives and brothers?, they do not know I am currently sitting here lonely in the mountains."[15]

Notes

  1. Mfīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 244; Ṭabarī, Dalāʾil al-imāma, p. 309.
  2. Baḥrānī, Ḥilyat al-abrār, vol. 4, p. 524.
  3. ʿAṭārudī, Musnad al-Imām al-Kāẓim, vol. 1, p. 194.
  4. Baḥrānī, Ḥilyat al-abrār, vol. 4, p. 524.
  5. Ṣādiqī Ardistānī, Zanān-i Dānishmand, p. 357.
  6. Barqī, al-Rijāl, p. 62.
  7. Khoei, Muʿjam al-rijāl, vol. 16, p. 156; vol. 24, p. 215.
  8. Māmaqānī, Tanqīḥ al-maqāl, vol. 3, p. 76.
  9. Baḥrānī, Madīnat al-iʿjāz, vol. 7; p. 260.
  10. Kulaynī, al-Kāfī, vol. 1, p. 395.
  11. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 99.
  12. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Ithbāt al-hudāt, vol. 4, p. 406.
  13. Fasāʾī, Fārsnāmih-yi nāṣirī, vol. 2, p. 1498.
  14. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 50, p. 99.
  15. Khādimī, Shajara-yi Ṭūbā, p. 126, 129.

References

  • ʿAṭārudī, ʿAzīz Allāh al-. Musnad al-Imām al-Kāẓim. First edition. Mashhad: Intishārāt-i Āstān-i Quds-i Raḍawī, 1409 AH.
  • Baḥrānī, Hāshim b. Sulaymān al-. Ḥilyat al-abrār fī aḥwāl Muḥammad wa Āl al-aṭhār. First edition. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Maʿārif al-Islāmīyya, 1411 AH.
  • Baḥrānī, Hāshim b. Sulaymān al-. Madīnat al-iʿjāz. Third edition. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Maʿārif al-Islāmīyya, 1413 AH.
  • Barqī, Aḥmad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Rijāl. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Tehrān, 1383 Sh.
  • Fasāʾī, Ḥasan b. Ḥasan. Fārsnāmih-yi nāṣirī. Tehran: Chāp-i Fasāʾī, 1367 Sh.
  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Ithbāt al-hudāt. First edition. Beirut: Muʾassisat al-Aʿlamī li-l-Maṭbūʿāt, 1425 AH.
  • Khādimī, Ghulām Riḍā. Shajara-yi Ṭūbā. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAṣr-i Ẓuhūr, 1381 Sh.
  • Khoei, Abū l-Qāsim al-. Muʿjam al-rijāl al-ḥadīth. Qom: Markaz Nashr al-Thaqāfa al-Islāmīyya, 1413 AH.
  • Kulaynī, Muḥammad b. Yaʿqūb al-. Al-Kāfī. Fourth edition. Tehrān: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmīyya, 1407 AH.
  • Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir al-. Biḥār al-anwār. Second edition. Tehran: Intishārāt-i Islāmīyya, 1363 Sh.
  • Māmaqānī, ʿAbd Allāh al-. Tanqīḥ al-maqāl. Najaf: n.p., 1359 AH.
  • Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-. Al-Irshād. First edition. Qom: Kungarah-yi Shaykh Mufīd, 1413 AH.
  • Ṣādiqī Ardistānī, Aḥmad. Zanān-i dānishmand wa rāwī-yi ḥadīth. Qom: Daftar-i Tablīghāt-i Islāmī, 1375 Sh.