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Hakima bt. Imam al-Kazim (a)

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Descendant of Imam
Hakima bt. Imam al-Kazim (a)
حکیمه دختر امام کاظم.jpg
Attributed tomb to her in Gachsaran
Role Hadith transmitter of Imam al-Rida (a)
Father Imam al-Kazim (a)
Place of Burial Gachsaran

Hakima (Arabic:حکيمة), the daughter of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a), was a prominent Shi'ite women in the second and third centuries A.H. and she was present at the birth of Imam al-Jawad (a).

Life

Hakima bt. Musa al-Kazim (a) was the sister of Imam al-Rida (a). There are only little information about her life in historical sources. Even her birth date and her death date are not stated in sources. However as she was present in the birth of Imam al-Jawad (a), it can be said that she witnessed and lived during the Imamate of three Shi'ite Imams. According to al-Bahrani, she had a long lifetime, but there are not any information on her marital status. Her name is stated in al-Kafi, according to which Hakima became ill for a year, because she had witnessed a Jin called 'Amir.

Scientific Status

Hakima has narrated hadiths from his brother Imam al-Rida (a). Considering the hadiths she has narrated from his brother, it is assumed that he had revealed his secrets to his sister. Al-Bahrani said about Hakima: "Lady Hakima was a prominent scholar and devoted worshiper, she lived long but history has only little information about her life. Hakima Khatun was an influential, wise and sensible woman who was revered by Imams (a), Sayyids and people."

Scholars of hadith and history have regarded Hakima bt. Musa (a) as a knowledgeable, worshiper and scientifically reliable woman.

Rijal experts including al-Barqi have regarded Hakima among the narrators of Imam al-Rida (a). Her name is stated in other rijal sources including Tanqih al-maqal and Mu'jam rijal al-hadith by al-Khoei. Mamaqani stated in his book Tanqih al-maqal that Hakima was present at the birth of Imam al-Jawad (a) and she narrated the event. She has also mentioned kiramats (supernatural acts) of Imam al-Jawad (a) at the time of his childhood.

Narrations from Hakima Khatun are stated in al-Kafi, Bihar al-anwar and Ithbat al-huda.

Burial Place

There is a burial place 80 km from Gachsaran in Iran which is attributed to Hakima bt. Musa (a).

'Allama al-Majlisi has also mentioned a burial place attributed to Hakima Khatun in Bihar al-anwar and said: "There is a burial place in mountain on the way to Behbahan attributed to Hakima bt. Musa (a) which is visited by Shi'ite Muslims frequently."

People believed the mountain has opened up for Hakima Khatun and she entered into it. It is also narrated from her: "Where are my family, where are my relatives and brothers, they do not know I am sitting here lonely in the mountains."

References