Harun b. Musa b. Ahmad al-Talla'ukbari

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Harun b. Musa al-Talla'ukbarihttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Full Name Abu Muhammad Harun b. Musa b. Ahmad al-Talla'ukbari
Lineage Banu Shayban
Residence Baghdad
Studied in Baghdad
Scholarly Information
Professors Muhammad b. Hammam Baghdadi, Ibn 'Uqda, ...
Students Abu l-Husayn Muhammad b. Harun, al-Shaykh al-Mufid, Sayyid Murtada 'Alam al-Huda, Sayyid Radi, ...
Permission for Hadith
Transmission From
Muhammad b. Ash'ath, Muhammad b. Husayn al-Khath'ami, 'Ali b. Husayn b. Musa b. Babawayh al-Qummi and Hasan b. Muhammad b. Ahamd al-Zaydi
Works Al-Jawami' fi 'ulum al-din, ...

Abū Muḥammad Hārūn b. Mūsā b. Aḥmad Tallaʿukbarī (Arabic: ابومحمد هارون بن موسی بن احمد تَلَّعُکْبَری) was a notable shi'a hadith scholar of 4th/10th century. He learned hadith from many scholars in Baghdad and had many students. Rijal scholars praised his position in knowledge. Sayyid Muratada and Sayyid Radi were also his students.

Tribe, Lineage and Birth

He was from Bani Shayban tribe living in Tal neighborhood in 'Ukbara town north of Baghdad. The date of his birth is not known but since he has learned hadith from Ahmad b. Idris Ash'ari (d. 306/918), the famous hadith scholar from Qom, then he must have been born in late third century.

In his Mashikhat Talla'ukbara, Kamal al-Din b. Haydar Musawi 'Amili quotes from Harun talking about Ahmad b. Idris Ash'ari Qummi: "I have heard few hadiths from him in the house of Ibn Hammam Iskafi, but I do not have permission from him [to quote]." Since Ibn Idris passed away in 306/918, thus Harun must have the competence of learning hadiths and perhaps he must have been 15 years old. Therefore, his date of birth can be around 291/904.

Teachers

Most teachers of Talla'ukbara, in his early years, were in Baghdad and apparently he has been living there in his youth.

Most Notable Teachers

  • Talla'ukbara's most important teacher was Muhammad b. Hammam Baghdadi and Talla'ukbara heard hadiths from him for the first time in 323/935. On the suggestion of Muhammad b. Hammam, Talla'ukbara spoke with the servant of Imam Hasan al-'Askari (a) and heard some stories of his life from him. This explains the friendship between Muhammad b. Hammam and Talla'ukbara to be very close.
  • Another notable teacher of Talla'ukbara was Abu l-'Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Sa'id known as Ibn 'Uqdah (d. 332/944) who came to Baghdad three times, one of which was in 330/942.

Other Teachers

Talla'ukbara quotes from other hadith scholars who are said to be around 130 people including:

A Narrator of Usul al-Kafi Talla'ukbara was one of the narrators of Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni (d. 328/940 or 329/941). Some hadith narrators learned hadiths from al-Kulayni in Baghdad in 327/939, so perhaps Talla'ukbara also learned hadiths from him at the same time or around it. He narrated from al-Kafi and al-Kulayni's books.

In the Views of Rijal Scholars

Talla'ukbara has been praised in Rijal references:

Works

Ahmad b. Ali al-Najashi considered Talla'ukbara the author of several books. His famous books are (though none of which is available):

Students

According to al-Najashi, people came to Talla'ukbara's house and checked their knowledge of hadiths with him. This shows that he has had many students. While Ibn Najjar has claimed that Talla'ukbara's hadiths were narrated by a few people, he might have meant Sunni narrators. Shaykh al-Tusi has employed the quote "A large group of of our companions" (Arabic: جماعةٌ من اصحابنا) to imply that he has heard hadiths from Talla'ukbara through a chain of his trusted companions. Al-Shaykh al-Mufid has referred to him as "our shaykh [i.e. teacher or master]" and Shaykh al-Tusi has mentioned Al-Shaykh al-Mufid as a student of Talla'ukbara.

  1. Talla'ukbara's son, Abu l-Hasan Muhammad b. Harun, has narrated from him the most.
  2. Al-Shaykh al-Tusi has called Salama b. Dhuka' Harrani, "Sahib al-Talla'ukbara" which apparently meant as Talla'ukbara's special student.

Other Students

Talla'ukbara's other students are:

Expert Ideas

There is little known about his ideas since his books are not available. But:

  • According to Al-Shaykh al-Mufid, Talla'ukbara was among the ones who considered the month of Ramadan having 30 days. This opinion was followed by many in 4th and 5th centuries AH but it was abandoned in future eras.
  • Talla'ukbara considered the phrase "akhbarani" [I was informed] permissible as the time of narrating hadiths when the hadith was permitted to be quoted and therefore he quoted from Ibn Walid, from whom he had the permission to quote hadiths, according to Al-Shaykh al-Tusi, but he had not seen him.

Family

  • According to Al-Shaykh al-Tusi's Rijal, Ibn Ash'ath was given permission for Talla'ukbara and his father and brother to quote hadiths from him. This shows that his father and brother were at least interested in hadiths.
  • In the biography of Harun b. Musa Talla'ukbara , al-Najashi mentions that he and Talla'ukbara's son (Abu Ja'far) attended Talla'ukbara's house and people came to read hadiths for his father to test their knowledge of hadith.
  • Also, according to Al-Shaykh al-Tusi in his Rijal, Talla'ukbara heard hadiths from Sahl Dibaji and Talla'ukbara and his son received permission for narrating hadiths from him. Apparently, this son of him has been Muhammad b. Harun.
  • Abu l-Hasan Muhammad b. Harun Talla'ukbara whose name is frequently mentioned both in Dala'il al-a'immah and Ibn Tawus's books of supplication has narrated many hadiths from his father. He has narrated many hadiths from Al-Shaykh al-Mufid as well.

References