Hasan Ali Nijabat Shirazi
|Place of Birth||Shiraz|
|Studied in||Khan seminary of Shiraz, Seminary of Najaf|
|Burial Place||Near the shrine of Shahchiragh|
|Professors||Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, Abd al-Hadi Shirazi and Sayyid Abu l-Qasim Khu'i|
|Works||Wilayat-i faqih, Basa'ir, Kalima-yi tayyibba etc.|
|He preached the religious authority of Imam Khomeini, The house of Nijabat was the center for circulating the bulletins of Imam Khomeini during the Islamic revolution|
Ḥasan Alī Nijābat Shīrāzī (1917 – 1989) (Persian: حسنعلی نجابت شیرازی) was a Shi'a mystic and jurist and among the students of Sayyid Ali Qadi Tabataba'i. He and Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb were among the active individuals in revolutionary fights from 1960 until the victory of the Islamic revolution of Iran in 1979.
In 1979, Nijabat Shirazi received the permission for ijtihad at the age of twenty eight. Some of his works were books about Guardianship of the Jurist, commentary on Rajabiyya supplication and answering some questions about the uprising of Imam al-Husayn (a).
Hasan Ali Nijabat Shirazi was born in 1879 in Shiraz. After completion of preliminary lessons in Khan seminary of Shiraz, he went to Najaf at the age of fifteen. He attended advanced classes of jurisprudence and principles of jurisprudence by Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, Abd al-Hadi Shirazi and Sayyid Abu l-Qasim Khu'i and received the permission for ijtihad at the age of twenty eight.
He was among students of Sayyid Ali Qadi and due to his advice, made a close friendship with Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb. After the demise of Ayatullah Qadi, Hasan Ali Nijabat and Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb took Muhammad Jawad Ansari Hamadani as their teacher in ethics and mysticism.
Hasan Ali Nijabat had four sons and two daughters. Muhammad Husayn Nijabat, one of his sons, was a martyr of Iran-Iraq war. His other children are the managers of Muhammad Husayn Nijabat seminary in Shiraz.
Nijabat Shirazi passed away on Bahman 10th, Rajab 3, 1410/January 30, 1990 at the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Ali al-Naqi (a) and was buried near the grave of Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb near the shrine of Shahchiragh.
Positions in Mysticism
Students and close people to Nijabat have reported different wonders about him; including that he could recognize Sayyids and said that a light goes up from Sayyids to the sky. According to some sources, Sayyid Ali Qadi called Hasan Ali Nijabat only some months after knowing him "Nijabat-i Ahl-i Haram" (Excellence of the intimate people).
After the stipend of Hasan Ali Nijabat Shirazi was cut during his stay in the seminary of Najaf due to his attendance in the class of Sayyid Ali Qadi Tabataba'i, he never used the Imam's Share. According to the report of some students, he covered the expenses of his life by saying the prayers he was hired to.
Social and Political Actions
After the demise of Ayatullah Burujirdi in 1962, Hasan Ali Nijabat preached the religious authority of Imam Khomeini; and together with Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb were among active figures in revolutionary fights from 1963 until 1979 and according to Sayyid Abd al-Husayn Dastghayb, the house of Nijabat was the center for circulating the bulletins of Imam Khomeini during the Islamic revolution. Also during the eight years of war between Iran and Iraq, Nijabat had a serious role in encouraging people to attend in battle fronts.
Establishment of Seminary
Nijabat Shirazi established a seminary in Shiraz and he himself too taught seminary sciences there in different levels and also taught theoretical and practical mysticism.
Different books and other works of Hasan Ali Nijabat have been published and some of his works have not been published yet such as:
- Wilayat-i faqih, a short discursive book which was published at the beginning of the revolution.
- Kalima-yi tayyibba is a book to answer questions about Ashura', the rewards for crying for Imam al-Husayn (a), intercession and similar issues.
- Basa'ir is the translation, interpretation and commentary on Shawahid al-tanzil.
- Qur'an wa Ahl-i Bayt (a) is a book adopted from verses of the Qur'an and hadiths containing Sunni views about proving the caliphate of Imam Ali (a) after the Prophet (s).
- Sharh-i du'a-yi Rajabiyya is a book written with mystical approach.
- Hadith-i sarw is a commentary on one couplet of poem from Hafez Shirazi which has a mystical literature.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from حسنعلی نجابت شیرازی in Farsi WikiShia.