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Ibn Abi l-Khattab

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Companion of Imam (a)
Ibn Abi l-Khattab
Full Name Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Abi l-Khattab Zayd al-Zayyat al-Hamdani al-Kufi
Companion of Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), and Imam al-Hasan al-'Askari (a)
Kunya Abu Ja'far
Well Known As Ibn Abi l-Khattab
Lineage Ash'ariyyun
Wellknown Relatives 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Ash'ari al-Qummi
Death/Martyrdom 262/876
Works Kitab al-tawhid,Kitab al-ma'rifa wa al-bada',Kitab al-radd 'ala ahl al-qadar

Abū Jaʿfar, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥusayn b. Abī l-Khaṭṭāb Zayd Zayyāt al-Ḥamdanī al-Kūfī(Arabic: ابوجعفر، محمد بن الحسین بن ابي الخطاب زید الزیّات الهمداني الکوفي) (d. 262/876), known as Ibn Abī l-Khaṭṭāb (إِبْن أَبي الخَطّاب), was an Iranian Shi'a muhddith.

Name and Family

He was a descendant of 'Abd al-'Aziz b. al-Muhtadi b. Muhammad b. 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Ash'ari al-Qummi.

Al-Kulayni mentioned his name in various points of al-Kafi as Muhammd b. al-Husayn. Also, Ibn Qulawayh mentioned his name as Muhammd b. al-Husayn b. Abi l-Khattab.[1]

Al-Najashi mentioned his name, title, nickname, his father's name and his lineage as follows: "Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Abi l-Khattab Abu Ja'far al-Zayyat al-Hamdani".

Also, al-Hilli mentioned his name like al-Najashi did, except that he –apparently by mistake- mentioned "Abi l-Husayn" instead of "al-Husayn"; but what the majority of early and later authors has emphasized is al-Njashi's statement.


Al-Najashi believes that his narrations are authentic and says: "he was a reliable, prominent and elite Shi'a narrator. He narrated many hadiths and wrote nice books."[2]

Companionship of Three Imams (a)

According to Mamaqani, he was a companion of three Imams i.e. Imam al-Jawad (a), Imam al-Hadi (a), and Imam al-'Askari (a). His chain of narrators reaches previous Imams to Imam 'Ali (a) by three to six persons.


Considering his numerous narrations and experiencing three Imams (a), some sources counted him as an aged narrator of his time. Aqa Buzurg Tihrani believed that he lived about 100 years.


  1. Kitab al-tawhid
  2. Kitab al-ma'rifa wa l-bada'
  3. Kitab al-radd 'ala ahl al-qadar
  4. Kitab al-imama
  5. Kitab al-lu'lu'a
  6. Kitab wasaya l-A'imma (a)
  7. Kitab al-Nawadir

It has been reported from Ibn Abi l-Khattab, himself, that he also had other works.


  1. Ibn Qulawayh, Kamil al-ziyarat, p. 37.
  2. Al-Najashi, Rijal, p 236