Ibn Dawud al-Qummi

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Personal Information
Full Name Abu l-Ḥasan Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Dāwūd
Well-Known As Ibn Dawud al-Qummi
Birth Qom
Residence Baghdad
Studied in Baghdad
Burial Place Baghdad
Scholarly Information
Professors Muhammad b. Hasan Ahmad b. walid al-Qummi, Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni, Ibn 'Uqda, and Ibn Babawayh
Students Al-Shaykh al-Mufid, Ibn Qada'iri, Ibn 'Abdun, Abu Ghalib al-Zurari, and Ibn Nuh
Works Al-Mazar, Kitab al-bayan 'an haqiqat al-siyam, Kitab al-hadithayn al-mukhtalifayn, ...

Abu l-Ḥasan Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Dāwūd (Arabic: ابوالحسن محمد بن أحمد بن داود), known as Ibn Dawud al-Qummi (b. ~333/945 - d. 368/979). He was a Shi'a scholar who resided in Baghdad. There is nothing available from his works other than a manuscript of his book al-Mazar.

Ancestry

His extended family were the Islamic scholars. His father, Ahmad b. Dawud, was a scholar of Hadith whose trustworthiness is confirmed by al-Najashi[1]. His mother was the sister of the scholar of Hadith, Salama b. Muhammad al-Arzani. After marrying Ahmad b. Dawud, they went to Qom where Muhammad was born.

Residing in Baghdad and his scholarly ranking

Shortly before 333/945, Ibn Dawud went to Baghdad and resided there. He started to teach there. Al-Najashi considers him as a Shaykh and a scholar of the people of Qom[2], which indicates his high scholarly rank.

Al-Najashi says that Ibn al-Ghada'iri believed that Ibn Dawud's ability in memorizing and understanding Hadith and jurisprudence is more admirable than Others.[3]

Masters

In addition of his father and his uncle (Salama b. Muhammad), Ibn Dawud narrated hadith from many scholars such as Muhammad b. Hasan Ahmad b. walid al-Qummi, Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni, Ibn 'Uqda, and Ibn Babawayh[4][5].

Narrators Hadith from Ibn Dawud

In Addition of his son, Ahmad[6], some scholars such as Al-Shaykh al-Mufid, Ibn Qada'iri, Ibn 'Abdun, Abu Ghalib al-Zurari, and Ibn Nuh narrated hadith from Ibn Dawud[7]. Also, he gave the permission to narrate hadith to Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Sami' in 360 AH/970[8].

Demise

Ibn Dawud passed away and was buried in Batahiyya. His remains were later transferred to Baghdad and were buried in Maqabir Quraysh[9].

Works

There is nothing available from his works other than a manuscript of his book al- Mazar, which is possibly from the book of Al-Ziyarat wa al-fada'il that Ibn Tawus talked about it in his book al-Iqbal[10]. According to Al-Najashi's report, these works are ascribed to Ibn Dawud[11]:

  • Kitab al-bayan 'an haqiqat al-siyam
  • Kitab al-hadithayn al-mukhtalifayn
  • Kitab al-dhakha'ir
  • Kitab al-radd 'ala Ibn Qulawayh fi al-siyam
  • Kitab al-radd 'ala al-muzhir al-rukhsa fi l-muskir
  • Kitab al-risala fi 'amal al-sultan
  • Kitab al-subha
  • Kitab salawat al-faraj wa ad'iyatiha
  • Kitab al-'ilal
  • Kitab fi 'amal shahr ramadan
  • Kitab al-mamduhin wa al-madmumin

It is worth mentioning that he wrote a book by the name of al-Radd 'ala Ibn Qulawayh fi al-siyam to reject the theory of Ibn Qulawayh regarding the completeness of Ramadan[12]. Ibn Qulawayh in response wrote another book to defend his theory about the numbers of the days of Ramadan[13].

Notes

  1. Al-Najashi, P.95
  2. Al-Najashi, P.384
  3. Al-Najashi, P.384
  4. Al-Najashi, PP.35, 60, 82, 192, 455; Al-Tusi, Tahdhib, Vol.1, P.302;
  5. To know his other masters, see: Al-Tusi, Rijal, P.454; al-Khoei, Vol.14, P.332
  6. Al-Tusi, Rijal, P.449
  7. Al-Zurari, P.28; Al-Najashi, P.82; Al-Tusi, Al-Fihrist, P.136
  8. Ibn Tawus, 'Abd al-Karim, PP.140-1
  9. Ibn Ghada'iri, P. 104; Al-Najashi, P.385
  10. Ibn Tawus, 'Ali, PP.567-8
  11. Al-Najashi, P.384
  12. Ibn Tawus,'Ali, P.6
  13. Al-Najashi, P.124

References

  • Ibn al-Ghada'iri, Husayn. Takmilatu risala Ibn Ghalib al-Zurari fi 'al-i A'yan. n.d.
  • Ibn Tawus, 'Abd al-Karim. Farhat al-ghura. Najaf, 1368 AH/1949.
  • Ibn Tawus, 'Ali. Iqbal al-a'mal. Tehran, 1390 sh/2011.
  • Khoei, Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-. Mu'jam rijal al-hadith. Najaf, 1398 AH/1978.
  • Najashi, Ahmad al-. Rijal. Qom, 1047 AH/1637.
  • Tusi, Muhammad al-. Al-Fihrist, Ed. Muhammad Sadiq Bahr al-'Ulum. Najaf: * Al-Maktaba al-Haydariyya, n.d.
  • Tusi, Muhammad al-. Al-Rijal. Najaf, 1380 AH/1961.
  • Tusi, Muhammad al-. Tahdhib al-ahkam. Beirut, 1401 AH/1981.
  • Zurari, Abu Ghalib al-. Risala fi al-i a'yan, Ed. Muhammad 'Ali Abtahi Isfahani. Isfahan, 1399 AH/1979.