Ibn Dawud al-Qummi
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|Full Name||Abu l-Ḥasan Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Dāwūd|
|Well-Known As||Ibn Dawud al-Qummi|
|Professors||Muhammad b. Hasan Ahmad b. walid al-Qummi, Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni, Ibn 'Uqda, and Ibn Babawayh|
|Students||Al-Shaykh al-Mufid, Ibn Qada'iri, Ibn 'Abdun, Abu Ghalib al-Zurari, and Ibn Nuh|
|Works||Al-Mazar, Kitab al-bayan 'an haqiqat al-siyam, Kitab al-hadithayn al-mukhtalifayn, ...|
Abu l-Ḥasan Muḥammad b. Aḥmad b. Dāwūd (Arabic: ابوالحسن محمد بن أحمد بن داود), known as Ibn Dawud al-Qummi (b. ~333/945 - d. 368/979). He was a Shi'a scholar who resided in Baghdad. There is nothing available from his works other than a manuscript of his book al-Mazar.
His extended family were the Islamic scholars. His father, Ahmad b. Dawud, was a scholar of Hadith whose trustworthiness is confirmed by al-Najashi. His mother was the sister of the scholar of Hadith, Salama b. Muhammad al-Arzani. After marrying Ahmad b. Dawud, they went to Qom where Muhammad was born.
Residing in Baghdad and his scholarly ranking
Shortly before 333/945, Ibn Dawud went to Baghdad and resided there. He started to teach there. Al-Najashi considers him as a Shaykh and a scholar of the people of Qom, which indicates his high scholarly rank.
In addition of his father and his uncle (Salama b. Muhammad), Ibn Dawud narrated hadith from many scholars such as Muhammad b. Hasan Ahmad b. walid al-Qummi, Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Kulayni, Ibn 'Uqda, and Ibn Babawayh.
Narrators Hadith from Ibn Dawud
In Addition of his son, Ahmad, some scholars such as Al-Shaykh al-Mufid, Ibn Qada'iri, Ibn 'Abdun, Abu Ghalib al-Zurari, and Ibn Nuh narrated hadith from Ibn Dawud. Also, he gave the permission to narrate hadith to Muhammad b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Abd al-Rahman b. Sami' in 360 AH/970.
There is nothing available from his works other than a manuscript of his book al- Mazar, which is possibly from the book of Al-Ziyarat wa al-fada'il that Ibn Tawus talked about it in his book al-Iqbal. According to Al-Najashi's report, these works are ascribed to Ibn Dawud:
- Kitab al-bayan 'an haqiqat al-siyam
- Kitab al-hadithayn al-mukhtalifayn
- Kitab al-dhakha'ir
- Kitab al-radd 'ala Ibn Qulawayh fi al-siyam
- Kitab al-radd 'ala al-muzhir al-rukhsa fi l-muskir
- Kitab al-risala fi 'amal al-sultan
- Kitab al-subha
- Kitab salawat al-faraj wa ad'iyatiha
- Kitab al-'ilal
- Kitab fi 'amal shahr ramadan
- Kitab al-mamduhin wa al-madmumin
It is worth mentioning that he wrote a book by the name of al-Radd 'ala Ibn Qulawayh fi al-siyam to reject the theory of Ibn Qulawayh regarding the completeness of Ramadan. Ibn Qulawayh in response wrote another book to defend his theory about the numbers of the days of Ramadan.
- Al-Najashi, P.95
- Al-Najashi, P.384
- Al-Najashi, P.384
- Al-Najashi, PP.35, 60, 82, 192, 455; Al-Tusi, Tahdhib, Vol.1, P.302;
- To know his other masters, see: Al-Tusi, Rijal, P.454; al-Khoei, Vol.14, P.332
- Al-Tusi, Rijal, P.449
- Al-Zurari, P.28; Al-Najashi, P.82; Al-Tusi, Al-Fihrist, P.136
- Ibn Tawus, 'Abd al-Karim, PP.140-1
- Ibn Ghada'iri, P. 104; Al-Najashi, P.385
- Ibn Tawus, 'Ali, PP.567-8
- Al-Najashi, P.384
- Ibn Tawus,'Ali, P.6
- Al-Najashi, P.124
- Ibn al-Ghada'iri, Husayn. Takmilatu risala Ibn Ghalib al-Zurari fi 'al-i A'yan. n.d.
- Ibn Tawus, 'Abd al-Karim. Farhat al-ghura. Najaf, 1368 AH/1949.
- Ibn Tawus, 'Ali. Iqbal al-a'mal. Tehran, 1390 sh/2011.
- Khoei, Sayyid Abu l-Qasim al-. Mu'jam rijal al-hadith. Najaf, 1398 AH/1978.
- Najashi, Ahmad al-. Rijal. Qom, 1047 AH/1637.
- Tusi, Muhammad al-. Al-Fihrist, Ed. Muhammad Sadiq Bahr al-'Ulum. Najaf: * Al-Maktaba al-Haydariyya, n.d.
- Tusi, Muhammad al-. Al-Rijal. Najaf, 1380 AH/1961.
- Tusi, Muhammad al-. Tahdhib al-ahkam. Beirut, 1401 AH/1981.
- Zurari, Abu Ghalib al-. Risala fi al-i a'yan, Ed. Muhammad 'Ali Abtahi Isfahani. Isfahan, 1399 AH/1979.