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Ibn Shu'ba al-Harrani

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Ibn Shu'ba al-Harranihttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Full Name Al-Hasan b. 'Ali b. al-Husayn b. Shu'ba al-Harrani
Lineage Shu'ba
Residence Aleppo
Scholarly Information
Works Tuhaf al-'uqul, al-Tamhis

Al-Ḥasan b. ʿAli b. al-Ḥusayn b. Shuʿba al-Ḥarrānī (Arabic: الحسن بن علی بن الحسین بن شعبه الحرَّانی) is a Shi'i hadith compiler. His major work on hadith is Tuhaf al-'uqul.

Life

Al-Harrani related to the family of Shu'ba, who were originally from Halab. Many hadith scholars raised from this family.[1] The date of Ibn al-Shu'ba's birth and death is not known and in the early Shi'i rijali works, there is no information about him.

The earliest remark on the scholarly and religious position of al-Harrani is mentioned in the book al-Wafiya (as reported by al-Shushtari) written by Ibrahim b. Sulayman al-Qatifi, a Shi'a scholar of 10/16 century. Al-Qatifi describes al-Harrani as the great Shi'a faqih and dignitary.[2] According to Husayn b. Ali b. Sadiq al-Bahrani, in his treatise Fi l-akhlaq wa l-suluk ila Allah 'ala tariqt Ahl al-Bayt, Ibn Shu'ba was among the early Imami scholars and al-Shaykh al-Mufid quoted from his Tuhaf al-'uqul.[3] Later remarks are quoted from al-Bahrani and al-Qatifi's reports.[4]

Agha Buzurg Tihrani, adduced the above-mentioned quotation of al-Bahrani to introduce Ibn Shu'ba contemporary with al-Shaykh al-Saduq and one of the teachers of al-Shaykh al-Mufid;[5] however, in the works of 'ilm al-rijal, there is no report about a teacher of al-Shaykh al-Mufid called Ibn Shu'ba.[6]

Works

There are two works attributed to al-Harrani; al-Tamhis and Tuhaf al-'uqul fi ma ja' min al-hikam wa l-mawa'iz min al al-rasul.

Al-Tamhis

This book explains the causes and the ways of divine trials for believers and also some narrations about patience, piety, and submission.

The attribution of this book to al-Harrani is a matter of disagreement among scholars of hadith; al-Qatifi, al-Hurr al-'Amili, and Afandi al-Isfahani accepted the attribution of this book to al-Harrani,[7] while al-'Allama al-Majlisi[8] and Muhaddith Nuri[9] doubted whether this book authored by al-Harrani or Ibn Hammam al-Iskafi.

Tuhaf al-'uqul

Tuhaf al-'uqul

Main article: Tuhaf al-'uqul

This book, that is his famous work, includes narrations on Islamic principles, jurisprudence and moral sayings of Imams (a).[10] In this book, he first offers a collection of hadiths from the Prophet (s) and Imams of Shi'a (a) (except for the Twelfth Imam (a)) and he finishes the book with the words of God with Prophet Moses (a) and Prophet Jesus (a).

Tuhaf al-'uqul has been discussed by Shi'a scholars of different times and al-Qatifi describes this book as unique.[11]

Al-Sayyid Abu al-Qasim Khoei, though confirmed the knowledge and trustworthiness of al-Harrani,[12] did not accept the authenticity of the narrations of this book, because the chain of narrators are not complete and therefore these narrations are "mursal"; according to al-Khoei, these narrations cannot be counted as a reliable basis for Islamic jurisprudence.[13]

It is noteworthy that Tuhaf al-'uqul is highly esteemed by Nusayri Sh'ias and many of the followers of this Sh'ia sect know this book by heart.[14]

Notes

  1. Al-Halabi, Isharat al-sabaq, p. 9.
  2. Al-Shushtari, Majalis al-mu'minin, vol. 1, p. 383.
  3. Qumi, Kitab al-kuna wa al-alqab, vol. 1, pp. 329-330.
  4. Al-Hurr al-'Amili, Amal al-amil, part 2, p. 74; Afandi al-Isfahani, Riyad al-'ulama, vol. 1, p. 244
  5. Agha Buzurg Tihrani, Al-Dhari'a, vol. 3, p. 400.
  6. Al-Iskafi, al-Tamhis, p. 13-14.
  7. Al-Shushtari, Majalis al-mu'minin, vol. 1, p. 383.
  8. Al-Majlisi,Bihar al-anwar, vol. 1, p. 17.
  9. Nuri, Khatimat mustadrak al-wasa'il, vol. 1, p. 186-187.
  10. Ibn Shu'ba, Tuhaf al-'uqul, p. 3.
  11. Al-Shushtari, Majalis al-mu'minin, vol. 1, p. 383.
  12. Tawhidi, Misbah al-fiqaha, vol. 1, p. 5
  13. Tawhidi, Misbah al-fiqaha, vol.1, p. 9; Mu'allim, Usul 'ilm al-rijal, pp. 274-277
  14. Diya'i, Fihris Masadir al-firaq al-Islamiyya, vol. 1, p. 81.

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from ابن شعبه حرانی in Farsi Wikishia.
  • Agha Buzurg Tihrani. Al-Dhari'a ila tasanif al-Shi'a.
  • Afandi al-Isfahani, 'Abd Allah b. 'Isa. Riyad al-'ulama wa hiyad al-fudala' , Qom, 1401 AH.
  • Bahrani, Yusuf b. Ahmad al-. Al-Hada'iq al-nadira fi ahkam al-'itrat al-tahirah, Qom, 1363-1367 Sh.
  • Diya'i, 'Ali Akbar. Fihris masadir al-firaq al-Islamiyya, vol.1, Beirut, 1992/1412.
  • Halabi, 'Ali b. al-Hasan al-. Isharat al-sabaq, Qom, 1414 AH.
  • Hurr al-'Amili, Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-. Amal al-amil, Baghdad, 1965.
  • Ibn Shu'ba, Tuhaf al-'uqul 'an al al-rasul. Qom: 'Ali Akbar Ghaffari, 1363 Sh.
  • Iskafi, Muhammad b. Hammam al-. Al-Tamhis, Qom, 1380 Sh.
  • Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir al-. Bihar al-anwar.
  • Mu'allim, Muhammad 'Ali. Usul 'ilm al-rijal bayn al-nazariyya wa al-tatbiq: taqrirart-i dars-i Ayatollah Dawari. Qom, 1416 AH.
  • Nuri, Husayn b. Mohammad Taqi. Khatimat mustadrak al-wasa'il. Qom, 1415-1420 AH.
  • Qumi, 'Abbas. Kitab al-kuna wa al-alqab. Saida, 1357-1358 AH.
  • Shushtari, Nur Allah b. Sharif al-Din al-. Majalis al-mu'minin. Tehran, 1354 Sh.
  • Tawhidi, Muhammad Ali. Misbah al-fiqahah: taqrirat-i dars-i ayatollah Khoei. Qom, 1377 Sh.