|Full Name||Abu Yusuf, Ya'qub b. Ishaq al-Dawraqi al-Ahwazi|
|Companion of||Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a)|
|Place of Birth||Dawruq (a city in Khuzistan), Iran|
|Place(s) of Residence||Baghdad|
|Death/Martyrdom||Rajab 5th, 244/October 21, 858|
|Cause ofDeath/Martyrdom||Martyred by al-Mutawakkil|
Abū Yūsuf, Yaʿqūb b. Isḥāq al-Dawraqi al-Ahwāzī, known as Ibn al-Sikkīt (b. 186/802 d. 244/858) is a Persian Shi'a Muhaddith and a great figure in Arabic lexicology and syntax. He was one of the close companions of Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a).
He was called Ibn al-Sikkit (son of silent), because his father practiced prolonged silences. He is an important scholar of Arabic syntax and literature and his most important work is "Islah al-mantiq."
When al-Mutawakkil, the Abbasid Caliph, asked him to compare al-Mutawakkil's sons (al-Mu'taz and al-Mu'ayad) with Imam Ali's sons (Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a)) he said, "By God, Qanbar, the servant of Ali b. Abi Talib is superior to your sons and their father." Therefore, he was killed by al-Mutawakkil's order.
Birth and Kuniya
His Kuniya is Abu Yusuf. Al-Sikkit was his father's sobriquet, which was given to him for his prolonged silences.
Shi'a scholars have counted him among the close and respected companions of Imam al-Jawad (a) and Imam al-Hadi (a). They said that he is Thiqa (reliable) and one of the great scholars in Arabic lexicology and syntax, and there is no dispraise about him.
- Mudarris Tabrizi writes: "Ibn al-Sikkit is an imam (great figure) in poetry, literature, syntax and lexicology. He is the standard-bearer of sciences of Arabic language and one of the eminent reliable Shi'a figures in Baghdad. His status was acknowledged and confirmed by Rijal scholars, and he was an expert in poetry and Qur'anic Sciences. He has met with eloquent Arab litterateurs and has quoted what he had heard from them."
Ibn al-Sikkit has many works, which are counted among the most important sources of Arabic lexicology and syntax.
- Islah al-mantiq that is his most famous book.
- Al-Qalb wa l-ibdl
- commentary on Divan al-hudai'a
- commentary on Divan al-khunasa'
- Divan turfat b. 'Abd
- commentary on Divan of 'Urwa b. Ward
- commentary on Divan of Qays b. al-Khatim
- commentary on Divan of Al-Nabigha al-Dhubyani
- commentary on Divan al-muzarrad
- Al-Maqsur wa l-mamdud
- Mantiq al-tayr and mantiq al-rayahin
It is reported that he was martyred in Rajab 5th, 244/October 21, 858, at the age of 58. There are different reports about how he was martyred. Some say that he was martyred because he was a Shi'a and they narrate that al-Mutawakkil, the Abbasid Caliph, asked him to compare al-Mutawakkil's sons (al-Mu'taz and al-Mu'ayad) with Imam Ali's sons, Imam al-Hasan (a) and Imam al-Husayn (a). He said, "By God, Qanbar, the servant of Ali b. Abi Talib is superior to your sons and their father"; therefore, he was killed by al-Mutawakkil's order. It is also reported that al-Mutawwakil's servants threw him on ground and trampled on him, then they took him to his home where he passed away.
- The material for this article was mainly taken from یعقوب بن اسحاق اهوازی in Farsi WikiShia.