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Iftar

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A banquet of iftar in the holy shrine of Imam al-Rida (a)

Ifṭār (Arabic: إفطار) is breaking fast. Some manners are mentioned as recommended to be performed upon breaking fast (in maghrib), including reciting supplication and the Qur'an 97 (sura al-Qadr). In addition, it is mentioned as recommended to break fast with warm water and milk. Breaking the fast in the month of Ramadan and a fast of nadhr to be performed on a certain day before adhan of maghrib is forbidden in Islam. Also, one for whom fasting involves a harm or difficulty, has to break one's fast.

Meaning

"Iftar" means breaking fast.[1] Also, eating before Eid al-Fitr prayer is called Iftar and is considered recommended.[2]

Iftar is obligatory in some cases and forbidden in some other cases. Its forbidden cases are breaking the fast in the month of Ramadan and fast of nadhr set to be performed on a certain day before adhan of maghrib. Other cases of forbidden breaking of fast are: breaking qada' fast after adhan of zuhr, breaking the fast in I'tikaf, breaking fast if the fasting person begins travel after adhan of zuhr.[3] If fasting involves a harm or difficulty, one has to break one's fast.[4]

Manners

Some manners are mentioned as recommended to be performed upon breaking fast including reciting supplication and the Qur'an 97 and breaking fast after performing maghrib prayer.[5] It is mentioned as recommended to break fast with warm water, milk and sweet foods, especially dates.[6]

Notes

  1. Najafī, Jawāhir al-kalām, vol. 16, p. 384; Hāshimī Shāhrūdī, Farhang-i fiqh, vol. 1, p. 593.
  2. Najafī, Jawāhir al-kalām, vol. 16, p. 384; Ṭabāṭabāyī al-Yazdī, al-ʿUrwa al-wuthqā, vol. 2, p. 102.
  3. Najafī, Jawāhir al-kalām, vol. 16, p. 264-266; vol. 29, p. 50.
  4. Najafī, Jawāhir al-kalām, vol. 17, p. 133; vol. 16, p. 347; vol. 17, p. 150-154.
  5. Najafī, Jawāhir al-kalām, vol. 16, p. 384; Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 10, p. 149-151.
  6. Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa, vol. 10, p. 156-161.

References

  • Hāshimī Shāhrūdī, Maḥmūd. Farhang-i fiqh muṭābiq bā madhhab-i Ahl al-Bayt. Qom: Muʾassisat Dāʾirat al-Maʿārif Fiqh al-Islāmī, 1382 Sh.
  • Ḥurr al-ʿĀmilī, Muḥammad b. al-Ḥasan al-. Wasāʾil al-Shīʿa. Beirut: Muʾassisat Āl al-Bayt li-Iḥyāʾ al-Turhāth, 1414 AH.
  • Najafī, Muḥammad Ḥasan al-. Jawāhir al-kalām. Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, 1404 AH.
  • Ṭabāṭabāyī al-Yazdī, Sayyid Kāẓim al-. Al-ʿUrwa al-wuthqā. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī, 1419 AH.