Irshad al-adhhan ila ahkam al-iman (book)
|Irshad al-adhhan ila ahkam al-iman|
|Original title||ارْشادُ الاذْهان إلی أحْکام الايمان|
Irshād al-adhhān ilā aḥkām al-īmān (Arabic: ارْشادُ الاذْهان إلی أحْکام الايمان) is an Arabic book written by al-'Allama al-Hilli (d. 676/1277). It is one of the best-known and most reliable sources of the Imami fiqh. Irshad al-adhhan is a book of fatwas concerning all issues of fiqh from tahara (or cleanliness) to diyat (or blood money). It was frequently cited by subsequent scholars.
- Main article: al-'Allama al-Hilli
Abu Mansur Jamal al-Din Hasan b. Yusuf b. Mutahhar al-Hilli, known as al-'Allama al-Hilli, was a prominent Shi'a scholar in the 7th/13th century. When al-Muhaqqiq al-Hilli, the Shi'a authority of the time, passed away in 676/1277, people referred to al-'Allama al-Hilli as the Shi'a authority. He was just 28 years old then. His debates and works led Oljaitu (Sultan Muhammad Khudabanda) to convert to Shiism and spread it throughout Iran. Al-'Allama al-Hilli wrote many books and essays concerning fiqh, usul al-fiqh, principles of Islamic beliefs, philosophy, and logic.
Title of the Book
All scholars agree that the book's title is Irshad al-adhhan ila ahkam al-iman, but al-'Allama al-Majlisi and Sayyid Hasan al-Sadr referred to it as Irshad al-adhhan fi ahkam al-iman and Al-Shaykh al-Hurr al-'Amili referred to it as Irshad al-adhhan fi 'ilm al-iman.
Motivation for Writing
Al-'Allama al-Hilli says in the preface of the book that his son, Muhammad, motivated him to write the book: "as God has made it obligatory for children to comply with their parents, He has also made it obligatory for the parents to be kind to their children and meet their legitimate requests".
The book was until recently a textbook in Shi'a seminaries because of its significance for scholars of fiqh. Over fifty commentaries and expositions have been written on the book. A list of such commentaries is available in al-Dhari'a.
Here are some commentaries written on the book:
- Nahj al-sadad fi khalafiyyat al-irshad by al-Shaykh Yusuf al-Bahrani.
Other prominent scholars who wrote commentaries and expositions on the book include: Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin (d. 771/1369), Shaykh Ibrahim b. Sulayman al-Qutayfi (alive in 945/1538), al-Fadil al-Tuni, the author of al-Wafiya (d. 1071/1660), al-Muhaqqiq al-Karaki (d. 940/1533), Ibn Fahd al-Hilli (d. 841/1437), and al-Shaykh al-Ansari (d. 1281/1864).
There are several manuscripts of the book available.
The book, Muqaddami-i bar fiqh-i Shi'a (an introduction to Shi'a fiqh), refers to two published versions of the book in 1272/1893 in Tehran and 1403/1982 in Qom. The currently available published version of the book was published in 1410/1989 by the Publications of Jami'a Mudarrisin in the Islamic Seminary of Qom. The book was edited by Shaykh Faris al-Hasun.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from ارشاد الاذهان الی احکام الایمان in Farsi WikiShia.