Priority: b, Quality: b
Without photo
Without references

Ishaq b. Ja'far al-Sadiq (a)

From WikiShia
(Redirected from Ishaq b. Ja'far)
Jump to: navigation, search
Descendant of Imam
Ishaq b. Ja'far al-Sadiq (a)
Epithet al-Mu'taman, al-Hazin
Father Imam al-Sadiq (a)
Mother Hamida
Place of Birth Arid, a village near Medina
Place(s) of Residence Egypt
Spouse(s) Nafisa
Children Muhammad, al-Hasan, and al-Husayn
Place of Burial Egypt

Isḥāq b. Jaʿfar (Arabic: اسحاق بن جعفر) well-known as al-Mu'taman (المؤتمن) was the son of Imam al-Sadiq (a). He was a virtuous, benefactor, devotee, and pious man. Many hadiths has been narrated from him. He believed in Imamate of his brother, Imam al-Kazim (a) and also nephew, Imam al-Rida (a). His wife was Sayyida Nafisa, the daughter of al-Hasan b. Zayd b. Imam al-Hasan (a). It is said that he was buried in Egypt.

Biography

Lineage

His teknonym was Aba Muhammad and due to his fame in trusteeship, he was called "al-Mu'taman". His father was Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a) and his mother was Hamida. He was the full brother of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a) and born in Arid a village near Medina.

Family tree of Ahl al-Bayt (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Khadija
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Mariya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Lady Fatima
 
 
 
Ibrahim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam Ali
 
 
 
 
Umm al-Banin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Husayn
 
 
Imam al-Hasan
 
Lady Zaynab
 
Umm Kulthum
 
Muhsin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Abd Allah
 
Uthman
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
'Awn
 
Ali
 
Al-'Abbas
 
Umm Kulthum
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Al-Hasan
 
Al-Qasim
 
'Abd Allah
 
Fatima
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
'Abd Allah
 
Zaynab
 
Ibrahim
 
Al-Hasan
 
al-Hasan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad
 
Ibrahim
 
Idris
 
 
 
 
 
Nafisa
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sajjad
 
'Ali al-Akbar
 
'Ali al-Asghar
 
Fatima
 
Sukayna
 
Ruqayya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Baqir
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zayd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Sadiq
 
'Abd Allah
 
Ibrahim
 
'Ubayd Allah
 
'Ali
 
Yahya
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Kazim
 
Muhammad
 
Ali
 
Ishaq
 
Umm Farwa
 
'Abd Allah
 
Isma'il
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Rida
 
Ma'suama
 
Hamza
 
Ishaq
 
Ahmad
 
Ibrahim
 
Muhammad
 
 
 
Imam al-Jawad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-Hadi
 
Musa
 
Fatima
 
Hakima
 
Amama
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imam al-'Askari
 
Husayn
 
Muhammad
 
Ja'far
 
 
 
Imam al-Mahdi
 
 


Marriage to Sayyida Nafisa

Main article: Sayyida Nafisa

Ishaq married to Nafisa the daughter of al-Hasan b. Zayd b. al-Hasan. About the proposal of Ishaq for Nafisa and his marriage to her, it is said that at first al-Hasan b. Zayd did not agree with this marriage, but in one night, he dreamed the Prophet (s) and he (s) ordered him to agree with this marriage.

Children

There is a disagreement about the number of Ishaq's children. Some mentioned them three and some mentioned them more. In total, his children were Muhammad, Hasan, Husayn, Ja'far and Qasim and his daughter, Umm Kulthum.

Qasim and Umm Kulthum were his children after his marriage to Sayyida Nafisa.

The progeny of Ishaq in Aleppo, Syria and Baalbek reached Naqib al-Sadat (Chief of Sayyids) position and were known as Ishaqiyyun.

Immigration to Egypt

In 193/809, Ishaq went to Egypt with his wife, Nafisa. When people were informed about their coming, went to welcome them. About this journey, it is mentioned in Nasikh al-tawarikh that his affairs and his position became great and he became the refuge for the people who loved him. Ishaq stayed in the house of a businessman called Jamal al-Din b. Abd Allah b. Jassas and after some months, moved to the house of Umm Hani and later went to the house of Abu l-Saraya Ayyub b. Sabir. Some writers wrote that people's reception of him was so great that the lady thought that the neighbors would be annoyed and decided to leave Egypt. People asked the governor of Egypt to accommodate them and he provided them with a residence.

His Demise

The exact year of Ishaq's demise is not known, but they say that he died after the demise of his wife Nafisa. Nafisa Khatun became ill in 208/823 and passed away in that year. During the days of his wife's illness, Ishaq was in Medina and when he arrived in Egypt, Nafisa had already passed away. He decided to take his wife's body to Medina, but the people of Egypt asked him to bury her body in Egypt. They went to the governor and asked him to convince Ishaq not to take the body of Sayyida Nafisah to Medina. It did not work, so people gathered many goods and gave Ishaq and asked him to accept their request. Ishaq did not accept it, but it is said that he had a dream in which the Prophet (s) ordered him not to accept those goods, but accept to bury his wife there, and thus he accepted people's request.

It is said that after burying Nafisa, Ishaq stayed in Egypt until the end of his life. He passed away and was buried there.

Traits

It is said that Ishaq's appearance was similar to the Prophet Muhammad (s).

Also it is said that he was called Ishaq al-Hazin (the sad) because he never laughed in front of people.

He believed in the imamate of his brother, Musa b. Ja'far (a) and narrated some hadiths from his father regarding the imamate of his brother. Yet, after the demise of Imam al-Sadiq (a), a group of people called him Imam and refused Imamate of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a).

Al-Shaykh al-Mufid introduced him as a knowledgeable, devotee, and pious man and said whenever Ibn Kasib narrated hadith from Ishaq, introduced him as honorable truthful.

References