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Jami'-i 'Abbasi (book)

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Jami'-i 'Abbasi
Original title جامع عباسی
Language Persian
Series 1 vol.
Subject Fiqh

Jāmiʿ-i ʿAbbāsī (Persian: جامع عباسی) is the most significant book of Baha' al-Din al-'Amili. Baha' al-Din al-'Amili wrote the book by the request of the Shah 'Abbas I in fiqh and in Farsi. This was an innovation in writing fiqh texts. Some experts believe that Jami' 'Abbasi is the first manual of Islamic law written in Farsi. Jami' 'Abbasi contains an introduction and twenty chapters (from tahara to diyat).

Purpose of Writing

According to Baha' al-Din al-'Amili in the introduction, Shah 'Abbas I was very interested in publishing religious contents, so requested him to write a book which contains the most needed Islamic laws for people.

Baha' al-Din al-'Amili designed a comprehensive book containing all fiqh topics for people, and because he did this by request of Shah 'Abbas I, named it Jami' 'Abbasi.

Structure

Baha' al-Din al-'Amili sorted the content of Jami' 'Abbasi in twenty chapters in his draft, but demised after writing the first five chapters. Although the time of the beginning of the book is unknown, but it is apparent that Baha' al-Din al-'Amili started the book in his last years of life and perhaps this was his last book.

The five chapters completed by Baha' al-Din al-'Amili contain most of worshipping parts: tahara, prayer, khums and zakat, fasting (sawm), and pilgrimage (hajj).

Completion

After the demise of Baha' al-Din al-'Amili, Nizam al-Din Sawuji continued the writing of Jami' 'Abbasi by order of the Shah 'Abbas I and finished the remaining fifteen chapters according to the plan of his teacher in less than two years.

Some sources also mentioned Muhammad b. 'Ali al-'Amili (student of Baha' al-Din al-'Amili) and Zayn al-'Abidin al-Husayni (student and niece of Baha' al-Din al-'Amili) as writers of other supplements for Jami' 'Abbasi.

Content

Nineteen chapters of Jami' 'Abbasi are related to fiqh and contain topics that are frequently discussed in fiqh books, in contrast with the seventh chapter which is about ziyara of the fourteen infallibles and their time of birth and death, and is not related to fiqh.

Although Jami' 'Abbasi, like other fiqh books, begins with tahara chapter and ends with diyat, its order of chapters and emphasis on each of them is not similar to other fiqh books. In some chapters separate fiqh discussions came together, for example in the sixth chapter, separate topics like endowment (waqf), alms (sadaqa), qard al-hasana, jihad, and enjoining the good and forbidding the evil are discussed, also the tenth chapter contains topics like rent (ijara), 'aria, 'amana, seizure (ghasb), guarantee (dimana), muzari'a, musaqat, corporation (shirka), muzariba, advocacy (wikala), ju'ala, and finding (luqata). On the other hand, topic of some chapters is more finite than other fiqh books, the thirteenth and fourteenth chapters can be noted which are about hunting (sayd) and slaughter (dibh) respectively, while in fiqh books usually these two topics come together.

Glosses

Four of recent marja's have written glosses to Jami' 'Abbasi:

Copies

There are several manuscripts of Jami' 'Abbasi.

Also it has been printed several times in Iran and India to the extent that it's said that counting its different printings is difficult. Some of printings only contain the first five chapters and others contain all the twenty chapters.

Translations

Jami' 'Abbasi is translated to Urdu and published in India. Also it's reported that it's been translated to Arabic by 'Abd 'Ali b. Rahmat Allah al-Huwayzi titled Al-Barq al-Lami' fi Tarjima al-Jami'.

Influence on Later Works

The fame of Jami' 'Abbasi has made other works following its naming and its writing method become written in later times.

Every one of these books is named after one of shahs (kings):

References