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Al-Kawthar

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This article is about a Qur'anic word. For other uses, see Kawthar (disambiguation).

Al-Kawthar (Arabic: کوثر) is a Qur'anic word which literally means great good. It is a cognate of the Arabic word "kathīr" (کثیر), and has once appeared in the Qur'an, Sura al-Kawthar[1]:

There is controversy among the scholars of the Qur'anic exegesis over what is meant by "al-kawthar"; Ibn 'Abbas, 'Ayisha and 'Abd Allah b. 'Umar have taken it to refer to a river or a stream in Heaven. It also refers to a lot of good, prophecy, the Holy Scripture, the Qur'an, the many companions, followers, and progeny granted by God to the Prophet (s).[2]

In some hadiths, "al-kawthar" is taken to refer to intercession or shafa'a of the Prophet (s) for his people; and according to other hadiths, it refers to the Kawthar Pond which involves a lot of good.[3]

For Shiite scholars of Qur'anic exegesis, "al-kawthar" refers to Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a), since al-'As b. Wa'il called the Prophet Muhammad (s) "abtar", that is, a person without a progeny and offspring (since he had no sons). On this occasion, God revealed the verse in response to al-'As b. Wa'il, by saying that He will give the Prophet (s) many children through his daughter, Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a). Al-kawthar is one of the titles of Lady Fatima (a).[4]


See Also

Notes

  1. Qurʾān, 108:1 .
  2. See: Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1269.
  3. See: Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1269.
  4. See: Khurramshāhī, Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī, vol. 2, p. 1269.

References

  • Qurʾān.
  • Khurramshāhī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn. Dānishnāmah-yi Qurʾān wa Qurʾān pazhūhī. Tehran: Dūstān wa Nāhīd, 1377 Sh.