Kifayat al-athar (book)
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|Kifayat al-athar (book)|
|Author||'Ali b. Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Khazzaz al-Qummi|
|Original title||کفایةُ الأثَر فِی النَّص عَلَی الأئمّة الإثنی عَشَر علیهم السلام|
Kifāyat al-athar fi l-naṣṣ ʿalā l-a'immat al-ithnā 'ashar 'alayhim al-salām (Arabic: کفایةُ الأثَر فِی النَّص عَلَی الأئمّة الإثنی عَشَر علیهم السلام) is a book in which hadiths and textual evidence for the caliphate and imamate of Shi'a Imams (a) are collected. It was written by Abu l-Qasim 'Ali b. Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Khazzaz al-Qummi al-Razi (d. 400/1009-1010), a Shi'a scholar of hadiths and fiqh (jurisprudence) in the second half of the 4th/10th century.
- Main article: 'Ali b. Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Khazzaz al-Qummi
Abu l-Qasim 'Ali b. Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Khazzaz al-Qummi al-Razi was a Shi'a transmitter of hadiths in the second half of the 4th/10th century. He was contemporary with al-Shaykh al-Saduq and al-Shaykh al-Mufid. He attended the lectures of al-Shaykh al-Saduq and al-Shaykh al-Mufid. Al-Najashi and al-'Allama al-Hilli considered him as reliable and as a Shi'a jurisprudent.
The author has collected reliable hadiths transmitted by well-known Sahaba from the Prophet Muhammad (s) as well as many hadiths transmitted from the Imams (a) about the number and the names of the Imams (a) after the Prophet (s).
Motivation for Writing
According to the author's preface, his motivation for writing the book was that some uneducated Shi'as were impressed by the propaganda of the opponents of Ahl al-Bayt (a) and came to think that there is no hadith regarding the imamate of the Imams (a) transmitted by the Prophet's (s) Sahaba and his Ahl al-Bayt (a). Thus, he decided to collect such hadiths and reply to the objections.
Style of Writing
'Ali b. Muhammad al-Khazzaz appealed, in this book, to reliable hadiths from well-known Sahaba of the Prophet (s) regarding the imamate of 12 Infallible Imams (a), such as:
The book is an old reliable source of Shi'a hadiths, which was referred to by prominent Shiite figures. It is an important source of Shi'a collections of hadiths, such as Bihar al-anwar. Al-'Allama al-Majlisi says: "the book, Kifayat al-athar, is a valuable, precious, and unique book. Nothing like this has yet been written about imamate".
- A manuscript in the Library of 'Allama Sayyid Jalal al-Din Muhaddith Urmawi, which was written in 931/1524-25 with the hand-writing of Taj al-Din b. 'Abd Allah b. Sulayman al-Faqih.
- A manuscript in the Library of Ayatollah Mar'ashi Najafi in Qom which was written in 1086/1675-76 with the hand-writing of Mu'min b. 'Abd al-Jawad al-Kazimi.
- Another manuscript in the Library of Ayatollah Mar'ashi written in 1280/1863-64 with the hand-writing of al-Muhaddith al-Nuri, the author of Mustadrak al-wasa'il.
The book was published in one volume in Arabic by Bidar Publication in 1401/1980 in the octavo size as edited by Sayyid 'Abd al-Latif al-Husayni al-Kufkamara'i al-Khu'i.
- The material of this article is mainly taken from کفایة الاثر فی النص علی الائمة الاثنی عشر (کتاب) in Farsi WikiShia.