List of Works by 'Abd al-Husayn Amini

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'Abd al-Husayn Amini (b. 1320/1902-3 - d. 1390/1970), known as 'Allama Amini the author of the well-known book al-Gadir, was a Shi'a jurist, muhaddith, theologian, historian, codicologist and one of the great Shi'a scholars in the fourteenth/twentieth century. Beside writing numerous important scholarly works, he also established in the city of Najaf the Amir al-Mu'minin Library, which includes 70,000 manuscripts.

The below is the list of his works:

  • Shuhada' al-fadila
Shuhada' al-fadila

'Abd al-Husayn Amini, has published the book Shuhada' al-Fadila (The Martyrs of Virtue) in the year 1355 AH/ 1936 CE. This book contains the biographies of 130 Muslim and Shi'a religious scholars from the 4th century up to the 14th century AH/ 10th to 20th CE, who have been martyred. Some regard the publication of this book as a reaction to the British imperialism, by the purpose of teaching courage and resistance against the foreigners.[1] Writing this book, Amini made use of the Iranian and Iraqi libraries.[2] [3]

In the introduction of the book Shuhada' al-Fadila, Aqa Buzurg Tihrani titled 'Abd al-Husayn Amini "the skillful scholar, the Alim of Elm al-Yaqin (the scholar of certain knowledge) and the pride of the nation and the faith". Sayyid Abu l-Hasan Isfahani, the supreme marja' of Shi'as at the time, Haj Aqa Husayn Qumi and Muhammad Husayn Gharawi Isfahani have written some remarks in approving his book.[4] Some have considered unprecedented the admiration and the exaltation 'Abd al-Husayn Amini received in the Shia' Seminary setting in Najaf, after the publication of this book.[5] Based on some sources, 'Allama Amini has written the book Shuhada' al-Fadila in response to Musa Jarullah's book al-Washi'ah fi Naqd 'Aqa'id al-Shi'a,[6] where it is claimed that the Shia' had no logical foundations for their belief system and had no martyrs killed on the path of Islam.[7]

  • Al-Gadir fi' l-kitab wa' l-sunnat wa l-adab
Al-Ghadir

'Allama Amini's magnum opus is the book 'Al-Ghadir fi l-kitab wa l-sunnat wa l-adab (The Ghadir in the Book, the Sunnah, and Literature), a book on verifying Imam 'Ali's immediate Imamate and Caliphate (after the Prophet), based on the Ghadir Incident and analyzing the chains of transmition and indication of the Hadith of al-Ghadir.[8] 'Abd al-Husayn Amini has spent forty years of his life writing this 11-volume book, and in order to find the documents of the Incident of al-Ghadir, went all the way into the libraries in Iraq, Iran, India, Syria and Turkey in order to conduct his research.[9] According to Ja'far Shahidi, quoting Amini himself, he has read up to 10, 000 books as to be able to write the book al-Ghadir. [10] The first to the ninth volumes of the book al-Ghadir have been published in Najaf in the year 1364 AH. The whole compilation of 11 volumes have been published in 1372 AH/ 1953 CE in Tehran.[11] This anthology includes 20 volumes, of which only 11 have been published.[12]

Other Works

1. Analyzing and annotating the book Kamil al-Ziyarat written by Ibn Qulawayh. Published in 1356 AH/ 1937 CE in Najaf.[13]

2. Adab al-Za'ir Liman Yammum al-Ha'ir, a book describing the due rituals in visiting the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Husayn (a) shrine. Published in Najaf.

3. Siratuna wa Sunnatuna Siratu Nabiyina wa Sunnatuhu, documented discussion about the wilaya and love of the family of the Prophet and reporting the historical aspect of the Ashura mourning ceremonies.[14] Referring to the Sunni sources, he regards, in this book, the mourning and crying for Imam al-Husayn (a) as the prophetic tradition and hence regards Shi'as in this respect as followers of the Prophet.[15]

4. A'lam al-Anam fi Ma'rifa al-Mulk al-A'lam, on tawhid, written in Farsi.

5. A commentary to the sura al-Hamd. The first chapter of this book is dedicated to the commentary of the sura and the second one to analyzing of it. This book was published in 1395 AH/ 1975 CE in Tehran.

6. Commentary to the aya (verse) "walillahi l-asma'u l-husna".

7. Commentary to the Qur'anic verse "wa kuntum azwajan thalthatan".

8. Commentary to the Qur'anic verse of the world of Zdar.

9. Commentary to the Qur'anic verse "qalu rabbana amattana ithnatayn" (40:11).

10. Thamarat al-Asfar.

11. Treatise on the Science of Dirayat.

12. Treatise on Niyya (Intention).

13. Riyad al-Uns (in two volumes, each volune 1000 pages). Describing and introducing the books and manuscripts that the author has seen. [16]

14. Annotation to Rasa'il by al-Shaykh al-Ansari.

15. Annotation to Makasib al-Shaykh al-Ansari.

16. Treatise on the Truth of the Ziyarats (in response to the Pakistani Islamic scholars).

17. Al-'Itra al-Tahira fi l-Kitab al-'Aziz. [17]A kind of commentary, that include describing the foundations of the political philosophy in Islam, that is describing some of the Qur'anic verses that were revealed concerning the Household of the Prophet, naming the characteristics of those who have the priority and authority to be guardian of the nation.[18]

18. Nazara fi Kitab Minhaj al-Sunna al-Nabawiyya. This book is, in fact, the collection of three volumes of the anthology of Al-Ghadir, and since its topic is mainly the responses 'Allama Amini has given to the critiques of Ibn Taymiyya in the book Minhaj al-Sunna, it was published independently.

Notes

  1. 'Ali Rida Sayyid Kibari, "Allama Amini, The Diver of Ghadir", 44.
  2. 'Ali Rida Sayyid Kibari, Allama Amini, The Diver of Ghadir, 44.
  3. Sayyid Mustafa Husayni Dashti, Ma'arif and Ma'arif, vol. 2, p 551.
  4. Sayyid Mustafa Husayni Dashti, Ma'arif and Ma'arif, vol. 2, p 551.
  5. Sayyid Mustafa Husayni Dashti, Ma'arif and Ma'arif, vol. 2, p 551.
  6. Mahdi Lutfi, Allama Amini, The Sip Drinker of Ghadir, p. 55.
  7. Mahdi Lutfi, Allama Amini, The Sip Drinker of Ghadir, p. 56.
  8. The Encyclopedia of Shi'a Islam, vol. 12, p. 39.
  9. The Encyclopedia of Shi'a Islam, vol. 12, p. 39-40.
  10. Sayyid Ja'far Shahidi, The Development of the Shi'a Faith and Amini as the Reviver of the Faith.
  11. Sayyid Mustafa Husayni Dashti, Ma'arif and Ma'arif, vol. 2, p 551.
  12. Mahdi Lutfi, Allama Amini, The Sip Drinker of Ghadir, p. 62.
  13. Mahdi Lutfi, Allama Amini, The Sip Drinker of Ghadir, p. 57.
  14. Muhammad Rida Hakimi, The Myth of Ghadir, p. 323.
  15. Mahdi Lutfi, Allama Amini, The Sip Drinker of Ghadir, p. 59.
  16. Muhammad Rida Hakimi, The Myth of Ghadir, p. 323.
  17. Muhammad Rida Hakimi, 'Allama Amini, in In the Memory of ..., p. 24.
  18. Muhammad Rida Hakimi, The Myth of Ghadir, p. 323.