Manaqib Ibn Mardawayh (book)
|Manaqib Ibn Mardawayh|
|Author||Ahmad b. Musa b. Mardawayh al-Isfahani (d. 410/ 1019-20)|
|Original title||مَناقِبُ عَلیّ بْن أبی طالب وَ ما نَزَلَ مِنَ القُرْآنِ فی عَلیّ|
|Publisher||Qom, Dar al-Hadith|
Manāqib ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib wa mā nazal min al-Qurʾān fī ʿAlī (Arabic: مَناقِبُ عَلیّ بْن أبی طالب وَ ما نَزَلَ مِنَ القُرْآنِ فی عَلیّ) or Manāqib Ibn Mardawayh (Arabic: مناقب ابن مَرْدَوَیْه), is a book written by Ahmad b. Musa b. Mardawayh al-Isfahani (d. 410/ 1019-20), a Sunni scholar of hadith. The book is concerned with the virtues of Ali b. Abi Talib (a). The author devoted a chapter of the book to Quranic verses regarding Imam Ali (a), involving verses from 50 chapters of the Qur'an in this regard.
About the Author
- Main article: Ibn Mardawayh
Abu Bakr Ahmad b. Musa b. Mardawayh al-Isfahani, a Sunni scholar of hadith, Quranic exegesis and history, was born in 323/934-35 in Isfahan. He was so respected in hadiths that he was known as "Hafiz". He wrote many works, such as Tafsir al-Qur'an, al-Amali, Musnad fi l-hadith, Kitab al-'ilm, Kitab al-du'a', Tarikh Isbahan (history of Isfahan), al-Jami' fi al-tibb, and about 20 other works. Ibn Mardawayh died in 410/1019-1020.
Style of Writing
The author provided a brief biography of Imam Ali (a) and then mentioned his virtues. The book relies on hadiths, but in many cases, the author mentioned only one or two people in his chains of narrations, dropping the rest.
In the first part of the book, Ibn Mardawayh introduced the virtues of Imam Ali (a) in 22 chapters. He mentioned Imam Ali's (a) kunyas and titles, his conversion to Islam, his faith, his knowledge, his piety, his courage and the like, citing hadiths such as Hadith al-Tayr, Hadith Radd al-Shams, and Hadith Sadd al-Abwab. He also talked about the virtues of Lady Fatima al-Zahra (a), Imam al-Hasan (a), Imam al-Husayn (a), and other people from Ahl al-Bayt (a).
The second part of the book, under "what was revealed in the Qur'an regarding Ali", involves verses of different chapters of the Qur'an regarding the virtues of Imam Ali (a).
Significance and Reliability
The book was significant for many scholars. Scholars who cited Manaqib Ibn Mardawayh include: Ibn Shahrashub, Ibn Tawus, Irbili, 'Imad al-Din al-Tabari, 'Allama al-Hilli, and 'Allama al-Majlisi. According to some of these scholars, Ibn Mardawayh has written similar books for other Sahaba as well.
- The material for this article is mainly taken from مناقب علی بن ابی طالب in Farsi WikiShia.