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Al-Miqdad b. 'Abd Allah al-Hilli

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Al-Miqdad b. 'Abd Allah al-Hillihttp://en.wikishia.net
Personal Information
Full Name Al-Miqdad b. 'Abd Allah b. Muhammad al-Hilli al-Suyuri
Well-Known As Al-Fadil al-Miqdad
Lineage Banu Asad
Place of Birth Hillah
Death 826/1423
Burial Place Najaf
Scholarly Information
Professors Al-Shahid al-Awwal, Fakhr al-Muhaqqiqin
Students Ibn Qattan, al-Hasan b. Rashid al-Hilli
Works Irshad al-talibin ila nahj al-mustarshidin,Kanz al-'irfan fi fiqh al-Qur'an,Al-Nafi' yawm al-hashr fi sharh al-bab al-hadi 'Ashr,Al-Tanqih al-ra'i' fi sharh mukhtasar al-nafi',...

Al-Miqdād b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Muḥammad al-Ḥillī al-Suyūrī (Arabic: المِقْداد بن عَبدالله بن محمد الحلّي السُیُوري) (d. 826/1423), known as al-Fāḍil al-Miqdād (Arabic: الفاضِل المِقداد) was a Shi'a jurist and theologian. He was born to a family from Banu Asad tribe in Suyur, a village of Hillah, Iraq. After passing scholarly levels and obtaining spiritual virtues, he moved to Najaf, and stayed there to the end of his life. Al-Shahid al-Awwal was one of his most famous students. Shaykh Muhammad b. Shuja' Qattan known as Ibn Qattan, and al-Hasan b. Rashid al-Hilli were among his students. His most prominent work in fiqh is Kanz al-'irfan fi fiqh al-Qur'an in which he examines jurisprudential verses of the Holy Qur'an. His other book is al-Lawami' al-ilahiyya fi l-mabahith al-kalamiyya which is in theology.

Biography

Abu 'Abd Allah al-Miqdad b. Muhammad b. Husayn b. Muhammad al-Suyuri al-Hilli al-Asadi al-Gharawi, known as al-Fadil al-Miqdad and al-Fadil al-Suyuri was one of the great personalities of Shi'a and expert in both intellectual and narrative sciences. He was a notable jurist and a worthful theologian. Biographers who wrote about him admired and praised him.

Although, he had a high status among Shi'a scholars, and his books were very common in various fields; not much have been reported from his life. What has been reported is that he was a resident of Suyur (a village of Hillah, Iraq); he was from Bani Asad tribe and lived in Iraq; when al-Shahid al-Awwal immigrated to Najaf, he attended his classes; he passed away in 826/1423 and was buried in Najaf.[1]

Foundation of the School of Miqdad

The School of Miqdad, one of the oldest religious schools in the Islamic Seminary of Najaf, was founded by al-Fadil al-Miqdad in the last year of his life (826/1423). The school is located in the district of Mishraq, a well-known district in Najaf, across from the Mosque of Isagha. The school was running until the last years of the 10 th /16 th century, but after that it was ruining until Salim Khan Shirazi reconstructed it anew in 1250/1834, and thus, it came to be known as the Salimiyya School.

The last reconstruction of the school, as written on its entrance, occurred in 1340/1921 by Sayyid Abu l- Qasim Wakil. The school, known as Salimiyya School, is a small school with 12 chambers.

Teachers and Students

His teachers:

His students:

  • Shaykh Shams al-Din Muhammad b. Shuja' Qattan al-Ansari al-Hilli, known as Ibn Qattan author of the book Ma'alim al-Din fi Fiqh Al Yasin
  • Radi al-Din 'Abd al-Malik b. Shams al-Din Ishaq b. 'Abd al-Malik b. Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Fathan Hafiz al-Qummi
  • Shaykh Zayn al-Din 'Ali b. Hasan b. 'Alala
  • Shaykh Hasan b. Rashid al-Hilli[2]

In some sources, Abu l-Hasan 'Ali b. Hillal al-Jaza'iri has been counted as one of al-Fadil al-Miqdad's students. However, in his introduction to al-Lawami' al-ilahiyya, Sayyid Muhammad 'Ali Qadi Tabataba'i rejects this claim mentioning various evidences and says al-Jaza'iri was a student of Ibn Fahd al-Hilli.

Works

Notes

  1. Al-Fadil al-Miqdad, Kanz al-'irfan, preface, p.4-5
  2. Al-Fadil al-Miqdad, Kanz al-'irfan, preface, p.8-9
  3. Al-Fadil al-Miqdad, Kanz al-'irfan, preface, p.10-14

References

  • The material for this article is mainly taken from مقداد بن عبدالله حلی in Farsi Wikishia.
  • Da'ira al-ma'arif tashayyu' . Intisharat Hikmat, 1390
  • al-Fadil al-Miqdad, Kanz al-'irfan fi fiqh al-Qur'an, Tehran: Intisharat Murtadawi, 1369